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US Policy

Domestic Policy Study Stacks

QuestionAnswer
1. Domestic Policy Policy that involved US affairs.
2. LBJ's "War on Crime" LBJ's "War on Crime" was a political strategy to try to eliminate crime in all cities across the US by changing policy and reforming the police and national policies.
3. Gun Control Efforts to regulate or control the sales of guns.
4. Federal Spending on Crime Intiiatives (officers, prisons) These are defined as incentives or policies that help stimulate and control crime to decrease it. Increasing officers and prisons will, in theory, help control crime.
5. Harsher Punishments (Federal Crimes) These crimes are tried in federal court and are seen to need a harsher punishment, opposed to "regular" or state crimes. The harsher punishment might include a higher bail amount, larger term sentence and a harsher time in federal prison.
6. Three Strikes Law Three Strikes Laws are statutes enacted by state governments in the United States which require the state courts to impose a life sentence to persons who have been convicted of three or more serious criminal offenses.
7. "War on Drugs" The national policies that help impose stricter drug control, harsher restrictions against illegal drugs, etc. For instance, Obama is currently ledging a "War on Marijuana".
8. Brown v Board (1954), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students and denying black children equal educational opportunities unconstitutional.
9. State Government's Role State government's role is to make sure that an individual state's constituents are benefiting from different laws. They fill in when the federal government does not have complete control to make sure each area is treated fairly.
10. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965) A United States federal statute enacted April 11, 1965. The Act is an extensive statute which funds primary and secondary education, while explicitly forbidding the establishment of a national curriculum.
11. Department of Education the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
12. School Vouchers A government-funded voucher redeemable for tuition fees at a school other than the public school that a student could attend free
13. No Child Left Behind NCLB was implemented during the 2002-2003 school year. It requires schools to have 100 percent proficiency among students in math, reading and language arts by 2014. They must also meet graduation and attendance standards.
14. Renewable Resources Any natural resource (as wood or solar energy) that can be replenished naturally with the passage of time
15. Global Warming A gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
16. Toxic Waste Disposal (Superfund) A US federal government program designed to fund the cleanup of toxic wastes.
17. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) An independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment.
18. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) A document required by the National Environmental Policy Act for federal government agency actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment
19. Clean Air Act (1970) The United States Clean Air Act is a United States federal law enacted by the United States Congress to control air pollution on a national level.
20. Water Pollution Control Act (1972) The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters.
21. Endgangered Species Act (1973) Signed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973, it was designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
22. Environmental Impacts Statements An environmental impact statement (EIS), under United States environmental law, is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for certain actions "significantly affecting the quality of the human environment".
23. Global Warming A gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
24. Medicare A federal system of health insurance for people over 65 years of age and for certain younger people with disabilities.
25. Medicaid A federal system of health insurance for those requiring financial assistance
26. Veterans Administration (VA) A government agency guaranteeing mortgage loans with no down payment to qualified veterans.
27. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) An agency of the U.S. Government responsible for the safety of the human food supply.
28. Clinton's Health Care Proposals The (wonderful) Hillary Clinton wanted to accomplish Universal Healthcare by the federal government. Tried as First Lady and was bought out, but later pushed it more as a Senator in the 2000s.
29. Obamacare The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) is a federal statute that was signed into law in the United States by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Universal healthcare and stricter regulation for insurance companies.
30. Social Welfare Origins (New Deal) The economic measures introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 to counteract the effects of the Great Depression. Seen by many as a turning point and provided higher government involvement.
31. Social Security Act The 1935 Social Security Act established a system of old-age, unemployment, and survivors insurance funded by wage and payroll taxes. It did not include health insurance and did not originally cover many groups and individuals.
32. LBJ's Great Society A domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs. Implemented many welfare programs that Kennedy had wished for. Considered successful by many.
33. Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) A federal assistance program in effect from 1935 to 1996, which was administered by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. This program provided financial assistance to children whose families had low or no income.
34. Temporary Assistant for Needy Families (TANF) One of the US federal assistance programs. Began on July 1, 1997 & succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children, providing cash assistance to families with dependent children through the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
Created by: shelbyfullerton