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Ch 8 Gastroenterolog


process by which digestive nutrients move through villi of the small intestine and into the blood absorption
digestive enzyme in saliva that begins digestion of carbohydrates in the mouth. it is also secreted by the pancreas to finish the digestion of carbohydrates in the small intestine amylase
hormone secreted by the duodenum when it receives fatty chyme from the stomach. stimulates the gallbladder to release bile and the pancreas to release its digestive enzymes cholecystokinin
process in which undigested materials and water are removed from the body as a bowel movement defecation
process of mechanically and chemically breaking down food into nutrients that can be used by the body digestion
process in which undigested materials and water are "eliminated" from the body elimination
process in which bile breaks down large fat droplets into smaller droplets emulsification
proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body. during chemical digestion, they break the chemical bonds in larger food molecules. produced by the salivary glands, stomach, sm. intestine and pancreas enzyme
meaning of suffix "-ase" enzyme
formed, solid waste composed of undigested material, bacteria, and water that is eliminated from the body. it is also known as "stool" feces
gas produced by bacteria that inhabit the large intestine flatus
hormone produced by the stomach. it stimulates the release of hydrochloric acid and pepsinogen in the stomach gastrin
strong acid produced by the stomach. it breaks down food, kills microorganisms in food, and converts pepsinogen to pepsin hydrochloric acid
digestive enzyme from vili in the small intestine. it breaks down lactose , the sugar in milk lactase
digestive enzyme secreted by the pancreas. it breaks down fat globules in the duodenum into fatty acids lipase
digestive enzyme in the stomach that breaks down protein foods into large protein molecules pepsin
inactive substance produced by the stomach that is converted by hydrochloric acid to the digestive enzyme pepsin pepsinogen
absorpt/o- absorb; take in
amyl/o- carbohydrate; starch
cholecyst/o- gallbladder
kin/o- movement
digest/o- digest; break down food
chez/o- to pass feces
emulsificat/o- droplets of fat suspended in a liquid
fec/a- fec/o- feces; stool
gastr/o- stomach
chlor/o- chloride
hydr/o- water; fluid
lact/o- milk
lip/o- lipid (fat)
peps/o- digestion
pepsin/o- pepsin
Created by: ricrom81



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