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Ch 8 Gastroenterolog

Abdomen, Liver, Gallbladder, and Pancreas

QuestionAnswer
continuous cavity within the abdomen and pelvis that contains the largest organs (viscera) of the gastrointestinal system abdominopelvic cavity
bitter fluid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. it is released into the duodenum to digest the fat in foods. it contains the green pigment biliverdin and the yellow pigment bilirubin bile
bile produced by the liver flows through the hepatic ducts to the common hepatic duct. then it goes into the common bile duct to the duodenum. when that duct is full, bile goes into the cystic duct and gallbladder. bile ducts
all the bile ducts form a treelike structure called the.... biliary tree
part of the abdominal aorta where arteries branch off to take blood to the stomach, small intestine, liver, gallbladder and pancreas celiac trunk
small, dark green sac posterior to the liver that stores and concentrates bile. when stimulated by cholecystokinin from the duodenum, it contracts and releases bile into the "common bile duct" to the duodenum gallbladder
largest solid organ in the body. it contains "hepatocytes" that produce bile liver
thick sheet of the peritoneum that supports the jejunum and ileum mesentery
broad, fatty apron of peritoneum. it supports the stomach and protects the small intestine omentum
triangular organ located posterior to the stomach. it secretes digestive enzymes (amylase, lipase and other enzymes) into the duodenum pancreas
double-layer serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and surrounds each gastrointestinal organ. it secretes "peritoneal fluid" to fill the spaces between the organs peritoneum
abdomin/o- celi/o- lapar/o- abdomen
pelv/o- (hip bone; renal pelvis) pelvis
bili/o- chol/e- bile; gall
cholangi/o- bile duct
choledoch/o- common bile duct
cholecyst/o- gallbladder
hepat/o- liver
enter/o- intestine
pancreat/o- pancreas
peritone/o- periton/o- peritoneum
Created by: ricrom81