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Ch 8 Gastroenterolog

Oral Cavity and Pharynx

QuestionAnswer
process of swallowing food deglutition
area of the brain that receives and interprets taste from the tongue gustatory cortex
process of chewing. this is part of the process of mechanical digestion mastication
mucous membrane that lines the gastrointestinal system and produces mucus mucosa
mouth. hollow area that contains the hard palate, soft palate, uvula, tongue, gums, and teeth oral cavity
the hard bone and posterior soft tissues that form the roof of the mouth palate
throat. the passageway for both food and inhaled and exhaled air pharynx
three pairs of glands (parotid, submandibular, sublingual) that secrete saliva into the mouth. salivary glands
saliva is a watery substance that contains the digestive enzyme... also secreted by the pancreas. amylase
large muscle that fills the oral cavity and assists with eating and talking. it contains receptors for the sense of taste. tongue
fleshy hanging part of the soft palate. it plays a role in speech and, during swallowing, it initiates the gag reflex to prevent food from enetering the pharynx before the epiglottis closes over the larynx uvula
deglut/o- swallowing
gustat/o- sense of taste
mastic/o- chewing
or/o- stomat/o- mouth
pharyng/o- (throat) pharynx
saliv/o- sial/o- saliva
ot/o- ear
mandibul/o- (lower jaw) mandible
lingu/o- gloss/o- tongue
Created by: ricrom81