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Chapter 11 Vocab AP

Human Geography vocab words. Industry.

QuestionAnswer
Alfred Weber The maker of the steam engine.
Agglomeration An extended city or town area that encompasses the urban area and any suburban area.
Assembly Line A method that parts are placed into a product to make it faster and cheaper than any other methods.
Basic Industry An industry that does not depend on any other industries.
Break-Of-Bulk Point A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
Brownfield Land previously used for industrial purposes.
Bulk-Gaining Industry An industry that the final product weighs more or contains a higher volume than the inputs. (Build up.)
Bulk-Reducing Industry An industry that the final product weighs less or contains a lower volume than the inputs. (Break Down.)
Capital Money. The paramount of the industry trifecta.
Cottage Industry Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found prior to the Industrial Revolution.
Deindustrialization A social or economic change that happens when industry moves out of the area.
Economies of Scale Reduction in cost per unit resulting from increased production.
Export Processing Zone An area in a country where goods can go through a location without having to submit to customs.
Footloose Industry An industry where it can move freely without much effect on prices.
Fordism An economic and social system based on mass production.
Fordist Production For of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task.
Hotelling Model A process of extraction of a non-renewable resource.
Industrial Inertia An event in which the local industry prefers the location even after crisis, such as when coal deposits run out.
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods from agriculture.
Infrastructure Basic structures that an area needs to function.
Labor-Intensive Industry An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
Least-Cost Theory A theory in which states that have industry can minimize expenses.
Location Theory The geographic location for economic activity.
Manufacturing Region A region where manufacturing is prime.
Maquiladora Factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico, near the U.S. border, to take advantage of low labor costs in Mexico.
Mass Production Production of a product in mass or bulk.
Nonbasic Industry An industry that requires other industries to support it.
Outsourcing A decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers.
Primary Industry An industry that deals with natural resources.
Raw Materials A product extracted from the earth or naturally, without man-made components.
Site Factors Location factors related to the cots of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.
Situation Factors Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory.
Secondary Industry An industry that deals with working of raw materials into and from a factory.
Substitution Priniciple A principle in which a company tried to reduce it's damage to the environment wherever possible.
Textile A fabric made by weaving; used in making clothes.
Varignon Frame A model in which scientists use to determine an optimal location.
Created by: 1332105058
 

 



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