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A & P introduction

the study of the structure of the body Anatomy
the study of the way the body functions Physiology
Body is enclosed in skin and hair outermost layer
Blood vessels Nerves Lymphatic - lymph vessels Skin Muscle Skeleton Internal organs (also called viscera) Functional groups or systems Each layer
2 parts Skeleton
deeper layers Arms and Legs
3 protective cavities Rest of the skeleton
Brain Skull
Heart Lungs Chest
Reproduction Bowel Bladder Pelvis
Stomach Liver Intestines Kidneys Abdominal cavity
Standing erect Facing forward Arms and legs extended and straight Palms of the hands facing forward Anatomical position
Centre of the chest and back, producing a left half and right half Medial (or median) plane
Uneven left and right section Sagittal
Longitudinal plane that lies perpendicular to the Sagittal plane, dividing back and front Coronal (frontal plane)
Upper and lower parts, horizontal plane Cross section or transverse plane
In front or towards the front of the body Anterior or ventral
Behind or towards the back of the body Posterior or dorsal
Closer towards the head Cranial or superior
Closer towards the feet Caudal or inferior
Towards the midline Medial
Away from the midline Lateral
Closer to the surface Superficial
Away from the surface Deep
Closer to the attachment to the body Proximal
Further away from its attachment to the body Distal
Created by: 100000469952317



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