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Chapter 15 YTI

Musculaskeletal System

QuestionAnswer
A thickened fibrous band of connective tissue. Anchors one bone to another? Ligament
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone Tendons
Voluntary Muscles, You choose to move them. Striated or skeletal muscles
Involuntary Muscles. These muscles move internal organs. Smooth or Viseral muscles
A combination of both striated and smooth muscles Cardiac muscle
What is the only muscle that does NOT regenerate? Heart muscle.
Flexible,rubbery connective tissue? Cartilage
Tumor of the bone. New piece of bone growing on another piece of bone. Osteoma
Skull bone on skull bone. Homoplastic Osteoma
Bone grows to another part of the body? Heteroplastic Osteoma
A broken bone with no open wound Closed fracture
"Compound Fracture" the bone is broken and a fragment of bone protrudes through an open wound of the skin? Open fracture
Bone is splintered or crushed into serveal pieces Comminuted
Insertion of metal plates,screws,rods or pins to stabilize the bone ORIF...open reductions internal fixation
Disorder in which the natural process of bone growth has changed Paget's Disease
Surgical removal of a portion of the veertebra arch Laminectomyn
Tears or breakss in ligaments sprain
Tears or injury to muscles and tendons Strains
Pain or tendernous of the muscles. Chronic conditon causing pain, stiffness of the joints, muscles and tendons Fibromyalgia
Partial or total loss of ability to volunarily move muscles. Paralysis
Weakness and degeneration of the muscle fibers without involement of the nervous system. Causes progressive muscle weakness. Muscular Dystrophy
Vitamin D deficiency and softening of the bone in children is Rickets
Inflammation of joints Arthritis
Stiffening of joints the result of injury or disease. Fusion of the bone. Ankylosis
Inflammation and painful swellling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body Gouty Arthritis
Caused by repeat irritation or injury of a bursa sac. Bursitis
Compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist CTS..Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Displacement of a bone from it's joint Dislocation
Results of toxins produced by bacteria found in the ground.Causes muscles to go into major spasm. Bacteria usually enters through open wounds or punctures. Tetanus
Benign tumors of smooth muscles, most common type are fibroids of the uterus. Leiomyomas
Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint spaces. Arthocentesis
Bone density test. Measures bone mineral density. Dedxa Scan
A magnetic field creates images of soft tissue. MRI
Recording the strength of muscle contraction as a result of electrical stimulation. Technique for evaluating and recording the activation signal of muscle Electromyography...EMG
Partial or complete removal of a limb. Amputation
Decreasing the angle between two bones. Bending a limb Flexion
Movement away from the middle of the body. Abduction
The point of attachment of the muscle to the stationary bone. Origin
Fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles Fasica
An incision is made for access to the fracture site. Open reduction
Surgical repair or replacement of a joint. Arthropolasty
Progressive ascending paralysis. Peaks in 10-14 days Loss of reflexes. Guilliann-Barre Syndrome
Manipulative reduction without a surgical incision Closed reduction
The point of junction of the muscle to the bone that moves is called Insertion
Visual examination of a joint with an arthroscope and television camera Arthroscopy
-trophy Development
vertebr/o vertebra
tars/o tarsals
scapul/o scapula
oste/o bone
stern/o sternum
-listhesis slipping
-cast to break
-blast immmature cell
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
TMJ temporomandibular joint
IM Intramuscular
EMG electromyography
malleol/o malleolus
ischi/o Ischium
AC Acromioclavicular
calcane/o calcaneus
acetabul/o acetabulum
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina
cast/o ribs
clavicul/o clavicle
rheumat/o watery flow
ankyl/o stiff
synov/o Synovial membrane
spondyl/o vertebra
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
lord/o curve
arthr/o joint
scoli/o bent
orth/o straight
myocardi/o heart muscle
carp/o carpals
myel/o bone marrow
tendin/o tendon
tibi/o tibia
ten/o tendon
-asthenia lack of strength
fibr/o Fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth muscle that lines the walls of Internal organs
-tome Instrument to cut
plant/o sole of the foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle
sarc/o muscle or flesh
-stenosis narrowing
pub/o pubis
perone/o fibula
-porosis pore
ab- away from
crani/o cranium
femor/o femur
-physis to grow
-desis tie together
fibul/o fibula
uln/o ulna
ad- towards
humer/o humerus
doris- back
radi/o radius
ili/o ilium
poly- many
calc/o calcium
maxill/o maxilla
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
calci/o calcium
TKR total knee replacement
metacarp/o metacarpals
ligament/o ligament
mandibul/o mandible
olecran/o olecranon
metatars/o metatarsals
THR total hip replacement
patell/o patella
pelv/i pelvis
-malacia softening
phalang/o phalanges
myos/o muscle
chondr/o cartilage
lumb/o lower back
my/o muscle
fasci/o fascia
Created by: AllisonT