Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


A- without or lack of
a/men/orrhea without or lack of/monthly/flow
Ab- away (away from)
ab/norm/al away (away from)/normal or regular/ refers to
ab/ducens away/draw or lead
-able capability of or ability to
erg/able work/capable of
abort/io to miscarry (natural or induced)
abort/ion to miscarry (natural or induced)/procedure of or process of (discharge of the embry/o "early" or fet/us "young" deliberate or not)
abrupt/io- to tear away from
abruptus placentae to tear away from (seperate quickly)/ cake
abscess a going away
acne pointed
acoust/i hearing
acoust/ic hearing/refers to
acr/o extremities, height, and pointed
acro/phob/ia height/fear/refers to
acro/megal/y extremities/enlarged/refers to
acr/om/ial extremity/shoulder/refer to
actin/o sun, ray, radium
actino/myco/sis ray, sun, radium/fungus/condition (growth)
acu- sharp
acu/ity sharp/process of
acute quick, sharply, sudden
-ac refers to, state of, pertains to
cardi/ac heart/refers to, pertains to, state of
ad- near or beside
ad/ren/al near or beside/kidney/refers to
aden/o gland
aden/ectomy gland/removal
adip/o fat
adip/oma fat/tumor
aer/o air or gas
aero/cele air or gas/distension of cavity
af- toward
af/ferent toward/to carry
alb/o white
albin/ism white/state of
alges/i- pain
an/alges/ic without/pain/refers to
-algia pain
neur/algia nerve/pain
alopec/i fox mange or baldness
alopec/ia fox mange or baldness/refers to
alveol/i cavity
alveol/us small hollow or cavity/refers to
ambi- both
ambi/later/al both/sides/refers to
ambi/dextr/ous both/right (dominant hand)/refers to or state of
dextero right
sinistro left
ambul/o to walk
ambul/atory to walk or walking/ process of
amphi- both
amphi/arthr/osis both sides/joint/condition of
amylo- starch
amyl/uria starch/in urine
amyl/ase starch/enzyme
an- lack of or without
an/orex/ia lack of or without/appetite/refers to
an/o- ring
an/al ring (sphincter of anus)/refers to
ana- apart or up
ana/tom/y apart or up/cut/procedure of or process of
ana/phase up/stage
anaphase mitosis stage when chromosomes move up or apart
angi/o- vessel
angi/oma vessel/swelling or tumor
angin/o- vessel
angin/a refers to a vessel condition of choking or blocking of blood flow to the heart muscle (results in chest pain or discomfort)
ankyl/o- fuse or bind
ankylo/spondylo/itis fuse or bind/stiff/crooked,spine, inflammation
ante- before
ante/nat/al before/birth/pertain to
ante/pyrect/ic before/fever/refers to
anter/o- before or foremost
anter/ior before or foremost (in front)/refers to
anthrax coal or carbuncle
anthr/ax coal or carbuncle/ a lesion
anti- against
anti/sept/ic against/infection/refers to
anti/bio/tic against/life/refers to
anuerysm- dilation or ballooning
anuerysm/oplasty dilation or ballooning/surgical repair
-apheresis to remove or separate (blood into parts)
leuko/aphere/sis WBC/to remove or separate/condition of (separate blood into component parts or remove toxins)
apo- above or upon
apo/plex/y above or upon/paralyzed/process of
aqua- water
aqua/therap/y water/treat/process or procedure
arachino- spider
arach/noid spider/resembles
arche/o- first
arche/type first or original/form or shape (it produces other forms)
-aria air
mal/aria bad/air
arteri/o- artery
arterio/gram artery/recording
arterio/scler/osis artery/hard/condition
arter/iol/oma artery/small/swelling
arthro- joint
arthro/scop/ic joint/viewing or examining/pertains to
articul/o- jointed
articul/ation jointed/process of
-ar refers to or pertains to
patell/ar little dish (knee cap)/refers to
ascar/i- worm
ascari/asis worm/condition of
helminthiasis worm condition
vermiform worm/shape
-ase enzyme
lip/ase fat/enzyme
-asthenia weakness
my/asthenia muscle/without strength; or having weakness
neur/asthenia nerve/weakness
asthma- panting
asthama/tic panting/refers to
ATELO- incomplete, without end, imperfect ending
atelo/spir/osis incomplete, without end, imperfect ending/breathing/condition of
ATHERO- porridge or yellow fat
athero/scler/osis porridge or yellow fat/harden (in lumen of blood vessels)/condition or disease
-ATION process of or procedure of
circul/ation circle/process of (blood moving from heart and returning)
cardio/graph/y heart/instrument to record/procedure of
-ATRESIA closure
ven/atresia vein/closure
ATRI/O- chamber
atri/um chamber/refers to
ATTRIT/I- wearing out
attrit/ion wearing out/process of
AUDI- hearing
audi/olog/y hearing/science of or study of/ procedure or process of
audio/meter hear/measurement
AUR/I- ear
aur/al ear/pertains to
aur/icle ear/small or little
AUSCULT/O- to listen
auscult/ation to listen (physical diagnosis)/process of
AUTO- self
auto/hypn/osis self/sleep/condition of (simulated sleep in alpha brain state of consciousness)
aut/ism self/state of
burs/a sac, wine sac, pouch/refers to(protective pad-like structure in joints)
blister or bulla 'bubble'/refers to(bleb/ic is a bulb or blister that often is filled with blood)
BLENNO- mucus
blen/oma mucus/tumor or swelling
BLEPHARO- eyelid
blephar/oma eyelid/swelling or tumor
BOL/O- lump or ball
bol/us lump or ball, choice bit of food (in stomach), to throw up /refers to
BRACH/I- arm
brachi/al arm/refers to(humerus is the bone of upper arm)
BRACHY- short
brachy/dactyl/ia short/fingers (and toes)/refers to
BRADY- slow
brady/pnea slow/breathing
BREVI- short
brev/ity short/state of
BRONCH/I- windpipe or trachea like
bronchi/al windpipe or trachea like (large lung tubes)/refers to
BRUX- grinding
brux/ism grinding (teeth)/state of
BUCCA- cheek
bucc/al cheek/pertains to
BULBA blister or vesicle
Bulb/us blister or vesicle (little sac)/refers to
BULIMO- hunger
bulim/ic hunger or appetite (excessive)/refers to or condition of(eating and purging syndrome)
BURS/O- sac, wine sac, pouch
burs/a sac, wine sac, pouch/refers to(protective pad-like structure in joints)
CAL/O- heat, heated or hot
cal/or heat, heated or hot/one who is(1 of 4 characteristics of inflammation: calor-heat; rubor-red; tumor-swelling; and dolor-pain)
CALCIN/O- calcium
calcin/osis calcium/condition of(excessive calcium buildup on bones)
CALCO- pebbles or granules of calcium mineral
calc/ium pebbles or granules of calcium mineral/pertains to
calc/urea pebbles or granules of calcium mineral in urine
CALX- heel or lime
calx/ectom/y heel (foot bone)/removal/procedure of
CANDID/I- glowing white
candidi/asis glowing white (fungus infection)/condition of
CANTH/O- corner of eye
cantho/plast/y corner of eye (eyelid)/cosmetic or plastic surgery/procedure of
CAPILL/O- hair-like
capill/ary hair-like/pertains to or refers to
CAPIT/O- head
capit/al head/refers to
CAPN/O- carbon dioxide
capno/graph carbon dioxide (or smoke)/instrument(instrument used in exercise physiology to measure CO2)
CAPUT head
caput femoris head or head of (chief part of structure or organ)/thigh bone
CARBUN/O- glowing ember
carbun/cle glowing ember/small(numerous boils)
CARCIN/O- crab-like
carcino/gen/ic crab-like/producing/refer to(cancer causing)
CARDI/O- heart
peri/card/itis around/heart/inflammation(inflamed 2 layered membrane of heart: causing pain)
CARP/O- wrist
meta/carp/al beyond/wrist/refers to
CATA- breakdown or down
cata/bol/ism breakdown or down/choice bit of food or lump/state of
CATARACT waterfall or cloudiness
cataract waterfall or cloudiness(eyes lens under the cornea that is impervious to light)
CATARRH- to flow down
Catarrh/al to flow down/refers to(any drainage from mucus membrane: especially in the nose, sinuses, and throat)
CATHETER/O- to let down into
catheter/iz/ation to let down into/act of/procedure of
CAUD/O- tail or toward tail
caud/al tail or toward tail/refer to
CAUST/O- burn or heat
caus/tic burn or heat/refers to
CAUTER/O- to burn or to heat
cauter/iz/ation to burn or to heat/act of/procedure of
CAV- hollow
cav/ity hollow/state of or refers to
CEBO- meal or food
ceb/um meal or food/pertain to(cena- and dino- also means dinner)
CEC/O- blind pouch
Ceco/pexy blind pouch/surgically attached to abdominal wall(dead end pouch or 1st part of colon -right side)
-CELE swelling or tumor
laparo/cele abdominal/swelling or tumor
CELI/O- abdomen or belly
celi/oma abdomen or belly/tumor
CELLUL/O- chambers
cellul/itis chambers or body cells (tissues are cell groups)/infection
CEMENT/O- hard
cement/um hard/refers to (tooth root covering)
-CENTESIS surgical puncture to drain fluid
thoraco/centesis chest/surgical puncture to drain fluid (procedure)
CENTI- one-hundredth part (100)
centi/meter one-hundredth part (100)/of meter(metre- or -meter means to measure & a meter is 39.37 inches)
CENTR/I- center
Centri/fug/al Center (middle of circle)/to flee/refers to(heavy particles move to bottom or outside from the center)
CEPHAL/O- head
en/cephal/itis within/head/inflamed(refers to brain within the head)
-CEPT- receiver
chemo/cept/or chemical or drug/receiver or to recieve/one who
CEREB/O- brain
cerebr/al brain/refers to or pertains to
CERU- wax
cerumen/ous wax (in ear)/refer to or state of
CERV/I- neck
cerv/ical neck (seven upper vertebrae of spine)/refers to
cerv/ix neck/pertains to
CHALAZ/IO- hailstone
Chalaz/ion hailstone (eyelid sebaceous cyst)/process of(tumor that is small and hard on the eyelid)
CHANCR/O- ulcer (sore)
chancr/oid ulcer (sore)/resembles(this V.D. has granular lesions that form ulcers or sores like syphilis)
CHEIL/O- lip
cheil/oma lip/tumor
CHIRO- hand
chiro/pract/or hand/practice/one who(mano also means hand)
CHLOR/O- green
chlor/emia green (chlorides)/in blood
CHOLANGIO- bile duct
cholang/itis bile duct/inflamed
CHOLE- bile or gall
chole/sterol bile or gall (ingredient of)/ solid(Chole 'bile' is used to refer to anything
CHOLECYST/O- gallbladder
cholecyst/ectomy gallbladder/removal
CHOLEDOCH/O- gallbladder duct (canal)
choledoch/ectomy common bile duct/removal or excision
CHOLERA biliary acute diarrhea
cholera biliary acute dia/rrhea(bowel or intestinal diarrhea 'flow'. The bacteria causes de/hydra/tion and death)
CHONDR/O- cartilage
chondr/oma cartilage/tumor
dys/chondro/plas/ia faulty/cartilage/formation or development/refers to
CHROM/O- colored
chromo/some colored/body
CHYME- juice
a/chym/ia lack of/juice/condition
brachio/cicatrix arm/scar
-CID to kill
sui/cid/al oneself/to kill/refers to
CIL/I- eyelash-like
cil/ia eyelash-like (structures lining lungs)/refers to
CINE/O- movement filming
cine/angio/cardio/graph/y movement/vessel/heart/filming instrument/procedure
CIRCUM- around
circum/flex around/bend
circum/cis/ion around/cut/process of
circum/duct/ion around/movement/state of
CIRRH/O- yellow-orange
cirrh/o/sis yellow-orange (jaundiced) or yellow/condition of
-CIS cut or to cut
in/cis/ion into/cut/procedure of
-CLAST breakdown
osteo/clast bone/breakdown of cells
cyto/clas/is cell/breaking/refers to
CLAVICUL/O- collarbone
infra/clavicul/ar beneath/collarbone or clavicle (little key shape)/refer to
CLEIDO- clavicle or collar bone
sterno/cleido/mast/oid sternum/clavicle, collar bone/breast/resemble
CLINO- bent
clino/dactylia bent/finger or toe
-CLYSIS irrigation or injection
hydro/clysis water/irrigation or injection
CO- two
co/llater/al liga/ment two (2 outer knee ligaments)/sides/refers: binding/act of
co-operat/ive two/working/state of
COAGUL/O- clotting or to clot
coagul/ation clotting or to clot/process of
-COCCUS berry
staphylo/coccus grapelike/ berry (shape of bacteria)
COCCYG/O- tailbone
coccyg/eal tailbone/refers to or small
COCHLE/O- snail-like
cochle/ar snail-like/pertain to
COL/O- colon (big or large intestine)
col/os/tom/y colon /mouth or opening/cut/procedure of
COLPO- vagina
colp/itis vagina/inflamed
COM- together
com/press/ion together/contract/process of
com/minuted fracture together/small: break
COMATO- deep sleep
comat/ose deep sleep/condition or state
CONCUSS/I- violent shaking
concuss/ion violent shaking/process of
CONDYLO- knuckle
condyl/oma knuckle (nob)/tumor or swellings
CONI/O- dust
pneumo/coni/osis lung/dust/condition
-CONIS cone-shaped
kerato/conis cornea/cone-shaped
CONJUNCTIV/O- joined together
conjunctiv/itis joined together (united)/inflammation
CONTRA- against
contra/cept/ion against/heads (coming together)/process of
CONTUS/I- bruise
contus/ion bruise/process of
CONVOLO- to roll together
convol/ution to roll together/pertains to
CORD- vocal chords or cord
cord/itis vocal chords/inflamed
CORI/O- skin
cori/um skin/refers to
CORNE/O- cornea or horn shape
corne/itis cornea or horn/inflamed
CORNU- horn or horny
stratum cornu (corneum) layer/horn or horny (upper epidermis skin layer)
CORON/O- crowning
coron/ary crowning (heart blood vessels)/refer to
CORONAL PLANE crowning or frontal body cut
coron/al crowning or frontal body cut/refers to
CORP/O- body
corp/us body/refers to
CORTIC/O- bark, outer bark, rind, cortex
cortico/ster/oid bark, outer bark, rind, cortex/solid/resemble
COST/O- rib
cost/al rib/refer to
CRANI/O- skull
crani/otom/y skull (cranium)/cut into/procedure of
crani/al skull/refer to
-CREAS fleshy or flesh
pan/creas all/fleshy or flesh
CRENAT/O- notched
crenat/ion notched/process of
-CRINE secrete
endo/crine within/secrete (into blood)
exo/crine outside/secrete (into duct or canal)
-CRIT separate
hemato/crit blood/separate
CRUC/I- cross or cross-like
cruci/ate cross (shape)/state of or condition of
CRYO- cold
cryo/therap/y cold/treat or cure (killing cells)/procedure of
CRYPTO- hidden
crypt/orchid/ism hidden/testis/state of or condition of
CUB/O- cube or cube-shaped
cub/oid cube or cube-shaped/resemble
CUBIT/O- elbow
cubit/al elbow, forearm region/refer to elbow region
CULD/O- blind pouch
culdo/scop/y blind pouch/viewing/procedure of
-CULE little
mole/cule mass/little
CURRETT/O- scooping or scraping
curett/age scooping or scraping/refers to
-CUSIS hearing
an/cusis without/hearing
CUSP/I- pointed
cusp/id pointed (end)/refers to
CUTI/O-, CUT-, CUTI- skin
cut/icle skin/little
sub/cut/aneous under/skin/refers to
CYAN/O- blue
cyan/osis blue/condition of
CYCL/O- circle
cycl/itis circle/inflamed
-CYESIS pregnancy
multi/cyesis many/pregnancy
CYST/O- bladder or sac
cyst/itis bladder or sac/inflamed
CYTE- cell or chamber
cyt/olog/y cell or chamber/study of or science of/process of
–CYTOSIS increase in numbers
leuco/cytosis white(WBC)/ increase in numbers
DACRYO- tear
dacry/doct/itis tear/duct/inflamed
DACTYLO- digits (fingers and toes)
lipo/dactyl/ia fat/digits (finger or toes)/refers to
DE- away
de/gluti/tion away/swallowing/process of
de/form away/shape
DECI- one-tenth (1/10)
deci/liter one-tenth(1/10) / liter(Deca- means 10)
DEEP most inward
deep most inward(structure more internal than another)
DEKA- ten
deka/gram ten/grams(15.432 grains = 1 gram; 28.35 grams = 1 ounce)
DELTA fan shaped or triangular
delt/oid (shoulder muscle) fan shaped or triangular/resembles
DEM/O- people
Dem/o/graphy people/procedure of recording with an instrument
DEMI- Half
demi/facet half/little face(superior and inferior projections of the vertebral arch)
DENDR/O- tree shaped
dendr/ite tree-shaped/state of
DENT/O- tooth or teeth
dent/al tooth or teeth/pertains to
depress/or lower/one who
DERM/O- skin
pachy/derm/al thick/skin/pertains to
DERMAT/O- skin
dermato/phyte skin/plant(fungus or other plant that causes parasitic skin diseases)
dermat/itis skin/inflamed
–DESIS binding or to bind
ligo/desis to bind/binding(surgical procedure to reattach ligaments to bone)
dextro/card/ia right/heart/refers to(tilting of heart to the right)
DIA- across, through, total, between
dia/phragm across, through, total, complete, between/petition or wall
dia/meter across/measure
dia/gnosis total/ knowledge
dia/stole between/contractions
–DIDYMUS testis or testee
pi/didymus upon/testis or teste(coiled structure on top of teste 'seed producer')
DIFFERENT- to separate
different/ial dia/gnosis to separate or apart/refers to: total/knowledge
DIGIT- finger or toe
Digit/al finger or toe/refer to
digit/ate finger or toe/action of or refers to
DIPLO- double or two
dipl/op/ia double or two/sight or vision/refers to(person experiencing double vision)
DIPS/O- thirst or thirsty
poly/dips/ia many/thirst or thirsty/refer to
multi/dips/ia many/thirst or thirsty/pertain to
DIPHTHER/I- membrane
diphther/ia membrane/refer to
DIS- away from or reversed
dis/ease away from or reverse/comfort or ease
DIST/O- farther from
dist/al farther from/refer to
DIVERTICUL/O- outpouching
diverticul/itis outpouching/inflamed
DOCH/O- duct or canal
chole/doch/itis bile or gall/duct or canal/inflamed
DOCT/O- to teach or teacher
doct/or (Latin docere) to teach or teacher/one who
DOL/O- Pain
dol/or pain/one who (causes)
DORS/O- Back
dors/al back (posterior)/refers to
DROMO- running
dromo/mania running/madness
pro/drom/al before/running/pertains to
DUCT/O- to draw or to lead away
ab/duct/ion away/to draw or to lead away (motion)/process of
DUODEN/O- twelve
duoden/itis twelve/inflamed
DURA- Hard
Dura/mater hard: mother
DY/O- two or a pair
dy/ad two or a pair/refers to (pair of chromosomes formed during meiosis 'reduction division of gametes')
DYNAM/O- work or strength
dynam/ics work or strength/refers to
dynamo/meter strength/measurement (measure the strength of muscles)
coccygo/dynia tailbone (coccyx)/pain
DYS- difficult, faulty, painful
dys/toc/ia difficult or painful/birth/pertains to
dys/chondro/plas/ia faulty/cartilage/development/refers to
dys/meno/rrhea painful/monthly/flow
-E (suffix) Instrument
rhino/scop/e nose/view or examine/instrument
E- (prefix) out or remove
e/viscer/ate out or remove/organs/act of or state of
EC- outside, outward, outer, out
ec/top/ic outside/location/pertaining to
ECCRINE- secreting or to secrete
eccri/tic secreting or to secrete/state of or quality of
ECHO- Sound
echo/gram sound/writing or recording
–ECTASIS enlargement or dilation
bronchi/ectasis windpipe like tube/enlargement, dilation
cardio/ectasis heart/enlargement condition
–ECTOMY excision or removal
tonsill/ectomy almond or small mass/excision or removal
ECZEMA to boil out
EDEMA- swelling
lymph/edema lymph/swelling
EF- away or out
ef/ferent away or out/to carry (nerve or blood flow away from a structure)
ef/fus/ion out/attached/process
ELECTR/O- electrical
electro/encephalo/gram electrical/in head (brain)/recording
–ELLUM lesser or smaller
cereb/ellum brain/lesser or smaller
EM- In
em/py/e main/pus/refers to (collection of pus in body cavity)
em/bol/ism within/lump/state
embryon/ic early (2nd through 8th to 10th week of pregnancy)/refers to
-EMESIS vomit
hem/emesis blood/vomit
-EMIA blood
leuc/emia (leukemia) white/blood(abnormal increase in WBC's)
EMPHYSEMA puffed up
emphysemat/ous puffed up/state of or refers to
EN- in
en/cephal/itis in/head (refers to brain)/inflamed
EN/CEPHAL/O- within head (referring to the brain)
encephalo/gram within head/recording
ENDO- within or inside
endo/derm within or inside/skin
ENEMA injection
ENTERO- intestine (usually refers to small intestine)
enter/itis intestine/inflamed
ENURESIS to void or expel urine
enuresis to void (expel) urine
EOSIN/O- rose red color
eosino/phil rose red (color)/love of
EPI- upon
epi/didymis upon/teste
epi/gastr/ic upon/stomach/pertains to
epi/glott/itis upon/tongue/inflamed
EPISI/O- pubic region
episi/orrhaphy pubic region/to stitch
episi/o/tom/y pubic region (vulva)/cut/process of
ERGO- work or labor
ergo/meter work/to measure
ergot work or labor (birthing drug)
ERYTHERMAT/O- red or flushed
erythermat/ic red or flushed/refer to
erythro/cyte red/cell (chamber)
eschar/ification snail like (scab)/process of (development)
ESO- toward
eso/phag/us toward/eater/refers to (tube from stomach to mouth)
ESTHES/I- physical feeling
an/esthes/ia without/physical feeling
ESTR/O- female
estro/gen female/beginning (phase of cycle)
ETI/O- cause
eti/olog/y cause/study or science of diseases/process
EU- good or normal
eu/toc/ia good or normal/birth/pertains to
eu/gene/tics good, new or normal/ to produce or form/ state of
eu/phor/ia good or normal/feeling (mental)/pertain to
EX- out, outside, outward
ex/tens/ion outward/to stretch/process of
FACET/O- face
FASC/I- band
fasc/ia band (covering around and between muscles 'membranous')/refers to
FEBR/O- fever
febr/ile fever/state of or refers to
FEC/O- stool or fecal matter
fec/o/lith stool (feces waste)/like stone
FEMOR/O- thigh
femor/al thigh/refer to
-FERENCE to carry
vas de/ference vessel: away/to carry
FERRO- iron
ferr/ous iron/state of
FET/O- young
feto/graph/y young/instrument/procedure of
fet/us young (last 6 & 1/2 months of development in uterus)/refer to
FIBRILL/O- to quiver
fibrill/ation to quiver (muscle fiber contraction)/process of
FIBRO- fiber
fibr/oma fiber (thread like structures)/tumor
FIBUL/O- to clasp
fibul/a to clasp/refers to (noun)
FIL- thread
fila/ment thread/state of or refers to
FISS- to split or splitting
fiss/ion splitting/refers to
fiss/ure cleft or split/state of
FISTUL/O- pipe or pipe stem
pyo/fistula pus/pipe or pipe-stem
FLEX- to bend
ante/flex/ion before/to bend or divert/process of
FLU- flowing
in/fluenza inward/condition of flowing
-FLUX to flow
re/flux again/flow
FORAMEN/O- opening
Foramen/al opening/refers to
FORE- before
fore/arm before/brachium or arm
FRACT/O- to break
fract/ure to break/refers to
FRONT/O- forehead or before
front/al forehead or before (front brow)/pertains to
FUNGI- mushroom
fungi/form mushroom or plant/shape
FURUN/O- boil
furun/cle boil/small
GALACT/O- milk
galacto/poiesis milk/production
GANGLI/O- knot, swelling, or collection
gangli/ectomy knot, swelling, or collection/excision
GANGREN/O- eating sore
gangren/ous eating sore/refers to
GASTR/O- stomach
gastr/itis stomach/inflamed
gastrocnemi/us calf of leg or stomach shape muscle in back of lower leg
GEN/O- race
geno/type race/classification (gene)
GENI/O- chin
geni/ec/tom/y chin/out/cutting/procedure of
GENIT/O- reproductive or birth
genit/al reproductive or birth/refers to
GENU- knee
genu/clast knee/breaking
-GEN origin, develop, to produce, to form, to make
carcino/gen crab-like/ to produce, to form, to make, origin, develop
carcino/gen/esis crab-like/origin or beginning/process of
GER/O- old or old age
ger/iatr/ic old or old age/treat or cure/study of or science of
GEST- to bear or separate
gest/ation to bear or separate/process of
gingiv/itis gum/inflamed
GLANDUL/O- little acorn or gland
glandul/ar little acorn or gland/refers to
GLAUC/O- waterfall or gray
glauc/oma waterfall or gray/swelling
GLI/O- glue or glue-like
gli/oma glue or glue-like/tumor
GLOMERUL/O- small round mass or tiny ball
glomerul/itis small round mass or tiny ball/inflamed
GLOSS/O- tongue
gloss/itis tongue/inflamed
glosso/pharyng/eal tongue/pharynx or throat/refers to
GLOTT/O- back of tongue
epi/glott/itis upon/back of tongue/inflamed
GLUT- buttocks
glut/itis buttocks (rear-end)/refer to
GLYCO- sugar
glyco/pen/ia sugar/decrease or lower/refers to
-GNOSIS knowledge
dia/gnosis total or complete/knowledge
GOITER swelling (throat)
goiter/ectomy swelling (throat)/removal of thyroid goiter
GON/O- seed or seed producer
gono/rrhea seed or seed producer/flowing from
GOUT a drop
-GRADE a step, stage, or degree in a process
retro/grade backward or behind/a step, stage, or degree in a process
-GRAFT to probe or cut with a knife
dermo/graft skin/to probe with knife (pole; probe; or steak)
-GRAM to record
myo/gram muscle/to record (write or take down)
-GRAPHY procedure of using an instrument to do recording
myo/graphy muscle/procedure of using an instrument to do recording
-GRAPH instrument
myo/graph muscle/instrument
GRAVID/O- heavy or pregnant
gravid/ium heavy or pregnant/refers to
GROIN inguinal region
GUMM/O- gum or gum like
Gumma gum or gum like
GUST/O- tasting or to taste
gust/ation tasting or to taste/process of
GYNEC/O- woman
gynec/olog/ist woman/science and study of/specialist
HALLUX great or big toe
hallux/ectomy great or big toe/removal
HAPLO- half (single)
hapl/oid half or single/resembling
HEALTH wholeness
HELICO- spiral
helico/bacter pylori spiral (shaped)/bacteria: gatekeeper (lower end of stomach)
HELIO- sun
helio/pathy sun/injury (caused by)
HELMINTH/O- worms or worm
helminth/iasis worms or worm/disease of or condition of
HEM/O- blood
hem/o/rrhage blood/bursting forth
hemo/kinesis blood/movement or flow
HEME- iron
hem/atin iron/small part
HEMI- half or one half
hemi/plegia half (right or left side of body)/paralyzed
HEPAT/O- liver
hepat/itis liver (cells)/inflamed
HEPT/A- seven
hepta/dactyl/ia seven/fingers or toes/refers to
HERNI/O- rupture or protrusion
hern/ia rupture or protrusion/condition of
HERPES to creep
HETER/O- other or opposite
hetero/gen/ous other or opposite/form/state of
HIAT- an opening
hiat/al an opening/refers to
HIDR/O- sweat
hidr/osis sweat (watery)/condition of
HIRSUT- hairy or profound hair
hirsut/ism hairy or profound hair/state of
-HISCENCE to gape open
de/hiscence away/to gape (open)
HISTO- web-like or tissue
hist/olog/y web-like or tissue/science or study of/process of
HOLIST/O- whole
holist/ic medicine whole/state of remedy or drug
HOMEO- same, constant, or unchanged
homeo/path/y same, constant, or unchanged/disease/process of
HORMON/O- to urge on
hormon/al to urge on/refers to
HUMER/O- arm (upper)
humer/al arm (upper)/refers to
HYAL/O- glassy or glass like
hyal/ase glassy or glass-like/enzyme
HYDRO- water
hydro/pneumo/thorax water/lung(within)/chest
hydro/cephalis water (cerebral spinal fluid)/head (within)
HYPER- increase or above
hyper/tens/ion above or excess/pressure (above 140 systolic/90 diastolic -BP)/process of
hyper/troph/y increase/development/process of
HYPN/O- sleep
Hypn/osis sleep/condition
HYPO- under or below
hypo/tens/ion under or below (pressure in vessels)/contraction/process of
hypo/derm/ic below/skin/pertaining to
HYSTER/O- uterus
hyster/ectomy uterus /removal
hyster/ia nervous reaction/refers to
IATR/O- treat or cure, procedure of treating
ger/iatr/ic old age/treat or cure/pertains to
-IA refers to, condition, state of
esthes/ia feeling (physical)/refers to, condition, state of
dys/phag/ia difficult/eating or swallowing/refers to
ICHTHY- fish or fish like
ichthy/osis fish or fish-like
-ICIAN one who
diet/ician food/one who
-ICLE small or tiny
oss/icle bone/small or tiny
-ISY inflamed
pleur/isy side or rib/inflamed
IDE/O- idea, thoughts, emotions, image
ideo/motor idea, thoughts, emotions, image/movement
ideo/vascul/ar emotions/vessels/refers to
IDIO- unique to or unknown cause
idio/path/ic unique to or unknown cause/disease/refer to
-ID state of
morb/id disease/state of
ILE/O- twisted
ile/um twisted/pertains to
ile/itis twisted/inflamed
ILIO- flank
ili/um flank (area)/refers to
IM- into or not
im/plant into/place or locate
im/potent not/powerful or strong
IMMUN/O- safe, protect, immune
immun/o/log/y safe, protect, immune/science of/process of
IN SITU in position or location
IN- into or not
in/di/gest/ion not/two/separations/process of
in/cis/or into/cut/pertain to
INCUS anvil
mallus/incus/stapes hammer/anvil/stirrup (shapes)
INFARCT- to stuff into
infarct/ion to stuff into/refers to
INFECT/O- to invade
infect/ion to invade/process of
INFLAM/O- flame within
inflamm/ation flame within/process of
INFRA- under or below
infra/clavicul/ar under or below/collar bone/refers to
infra/mur/al below/wall/pertaining to
INGUIN/O- groin
inguin/al groin/refers to
-ING procedure of or process of
operat/ing working/procedure of or process of
INTEGU- covering
integu/ment covering/refers to or state of
INTER- between
inter/cellul/ar between/cell or chamber/refers to
INTRA- within
intra/nuclear within/refers to nut
INTRO- within
intro/spect within/to view
INTUS- within
intus/suscept/ion within/to receive/process of
-IN substance or chemical
gastr/in stomach/substance or chemical
holo/crine (gland) all or whole/secretes substance or chemical
-IOLE smaller, lesser, diminutive
bronch/iole trachea-like (tubes of lungs)/smaller, lesser, diminutive
ION/O- going, ion movement
iono/therap/y going (of ions)/treat or cure/procedure of
-IOR one who is
infer/ior under or below/ one who (is)
-IOUS state of
delir/ious mental confusion or excitement/state of
IPSI- equal
ipsi/later/al equal/side or sides/process of
IR- not or lack of
ir/regul/ar not or lack of/consistent or regular/refers to
IR/O- rainbow
ir/is (noun) rainbow/refers to
ir/idescent rainbow/having or exhibiting
ISCH/O- deficiency, blockage, to hold back
isch/emic deficiency or blockage/refers to blood
isch/emia hold back/pertains to blood
ISCHI/O- hip joint or hip
Ischio/dynia hip joint or hip/pain
-ISH resembling or related to
lap/ish stone/resembling or related to
-ISM state of or condition of
giant/ism large/state of
albin/ism white/state of or condition of
ISO- equal or same
iso/ton/ic equal or same/tone/refers to
iso/cell/ar equal/cells/refers to
-IST specialist
endo/crin/olog/ist within/secrete/science or study of/specialist
-ITES dropsy or drooping
tympan/ites drum/dropsy or drooping
-ITIS inflamed or inflammation
gloss/itis tongue/inflamed or inflammation
-ITY state of
steril/ity barren (not capable of fertility)/state of
-IZE state of or acts like
cauter/ize burn/state of
hypnot/ize sleep/state of or acts like
JEJUNO- to empty (2nd part of small intestine)
jejun/um to empty (the second part of the small intestine/refers to
JUNCTIV/O- joining or to join
con/junctiv/itis together/joining or to join/inflamed
KALI- potassium
kali/penia potassium/decrease of
KARY/O- nucleus
karyo/kinesis nucleus/movement or motion
KEL/O- scar
kel/oid scar/resembling
KERAT/O- cornea or horny
kerato/malac/ia cornea (eye)/softening/refers to
KET/O- sour or acid
keto/sis sour or acid/condition
KIL/O- one thousand
kilo/gram one thousand/grams
KINE- movement or motion
kine/tic movement/state of or condition of
KRAUR/O- dryness
Kraur/o/sis dryness/condition
KYPH/O- hunchback
kyph/osis hunchback/condition
LABIO- lip
labi/oma lip/tumor
labrynith/itis maze/inflamed
LACER/O- to tear
lacer/ate to tear/refers to
LACRIM/O- tearing or tear
lacrim/al tearing or tear/refer to
LACT/O- milk
lact/ose milk/sugar
LAMIN/O- thin flat plate or layer
lamin/ectomy thin flat plate or layer/removal
lamin/ent thin flat plate or layer/having or possessing
LAP/I- stone
lap/is stone/refers to
-LAPSE falling or slippage
pro/lapse before/falling or slippage (means normal before slippage)
re/lapse again/falling or slippage
LARYNGO- voice box
laryng/itis voice box (larynx)/inflamed
LAT- side
lat/eral side/refers to
lat/issimus side (dorsal chest muscle)/refers to
LAX- to loosen or loosening
re/lax/ation again/to loosen/process of
LEI/O- smooth
leio/my/oma smooth/muscle/tumor
LENT/O- freckle
lent/icle freckle/small
LEPR/O- scaly
lepros/y scaly/process of
-LEPSY seizure or convulsion
epi/leps/y upon/seizure/process of
LEPTO- thin or slender
lepto/morph/ic thin or slender/shape or form/refers to
LEUK/O- white
leuk/aphere/sis white (white blood cells: WBC's)/separation/condition of
LEVAT/O- lift up
levat/or lift up (muscle)/one who
LIBID/O- desire
libid/al desire/refers to
LICHEN/I- plant
lichen/ific/ation plant/process of making (plant-like)
LIENO- spleen
lien/itis spleen/inflamed
LIGA- to bind
liga/ment to bind/state of
LINGU- tongue
bi/lingu/al two/tongue/pertain to
LIP/O- fat
lip/oma fat/tumor or swelling
-LISTHESIS slippage
spondylo/listh/esis vertebrae/slippage/condition of
-LITER liter
milli/liter one-thousandth/litre of fluid measurement
LITH/O- stone, calculus or rock
nephro/lith kidney/stone calculus or rock
LOB/O- lobe
lob/ectom/y lobe/removal or excision 'cut out'/procedure of
LORD/O- swayback (to bend)
lordo/sis swayback (to bend)/condition of
LUMB/O- loin
LUMP- small mass
lump/ectomy small mass/excised or removed
LUNA- moon or crescent-shaped
lun/ate moon or crescent-shaped/refers to
LUPUS wolf
lupus erythematosus wolf: red (faced)
LUTE/O- yellow
lute/al yellow/refers to
LUX- to dislocate
sub/lux/ation under or less/to dislocate/refers to
LYMPH/O- Watery
lymph/oma watery (clear fluid or serum)/tumor or swelling
–LYSIS destruction, breakdown, declining
auto/lysis self/destruction, breakdown, declining
hemo/lysis blood/breakdown
MACER/O- to make soft
macer/ation to make soft/process of
MACRO- large or huge
macro/phage large or huge/eater (WBC's)
macro/scop/ic large/viewing or seeing (eyeballing)/refers to
MACUL/O- large spot or flat skin freckle
macula lute a large yellow macule large spot or flat skin freckle
MAGNI- large or greater
magni/ficat/ion larger or greater/to make/process of
MAL- bad, harm, injury
mal/ignant bad, harm, injury/refers to (growing worse or resisting treatment)
mal/practice bad/action
MALAC/O- soft or softening
ostero/malac/ia bone/soft or softening/pertains to
MALL/E/OLUS little hammer
MALLE/O- hammer
malle/us hammer (middle ear bone)/refers to(noun)
MAMM/O- breast
mamm/ary breast/refers to
MAN/O- Hand
manu/al hand/pertain to
MAND/I- chew or chewer
mand/ible chew or chewer/ability to(lower jaw bone)
–MANIA Madness
klepto/mani/ac theft or steal/madness/pertains to
MASSET/O- chewer or to chew
masset/er chewer or to chew/one who(muscle from cheek bone to lower jaw)
MASSEUR male massager
MAST/O- breast
mast/ectom/y breast/removal/procedure of(partial or complete)
mast/oid breast/resembling
MASTIC/O- to chew or chewing
mastic/ation to chew or chewing/process of
–MATA Multiple
carcino/mata crab-like (cancerous growths)/multiple (many)
MAXILL/O- upper jaw
maxill/ary jaw/refers to
MEASLES rubella, reddish or red
MEAT/O- Opening
meat/us opening/refer to
MEDI- Middle
medi/an; medi/um; medi/al middle/refers to
MEGA- great or big
mega/colon great (big)/large intestine
MEGALO- huge or large
hepato/megal/y liver/huge/process of
MEI/O- and MIO- lesser, smaller, fewer, and constrict
mei/osis and Miotic lesser, smaller, fewer/condition of
MEL- sweet, honey, cheek, limb
mel/it is cheek/inflamed
mel/algia limb/pain
mel/on sweet/one who is
MELAN/O- Black
melan/oma black/tumor (skin cancer)
MEN/O- monthly or month
men/arche monthly or month/start
meno/pause monthly/stoppage
MENING/O- membrane
mening/itis membrane/inflamed
MENISC/O- crescent
menisc/ectomy crescent ('C' shaped)/excision
MENT/O- Mind
ment/al mind/pertains to
ante/mentum before/chin
MES/O- middle
mes/enter/y middle/ intestines/ state of
meso/derm middle/skin
META- beyond or change
meta/carp/al beyond/wrist/pertains to
meta/bol/ism change/lump/state of
meta/stasis change (from)/standing or stoppage
–METER Measurement
spiro/meter breathe/measurement
opto/metr/ist eye/measurement/specialist
METR/A- uterus or womb
endo/metr/iosis within/uterus or womb/condition
endo/metr/itis within/uterus or womb/inflammation
–METRY measurement procedure
opto/metr/y (O.D.) sight or vision/measurement/procedure or process
MICRO- small
micro/gloss/ia small/tongue/refers to
micro/scop/e small/viewing/instrument
MICTUR/O- to make water or urinate
mictur/ition to make water or urinate/process of
MILLI- one-thousandth
milli/meter one-thousandth/of meter (39.37 inches)
MINIMUS- smallest
minim/um smallest/refers to
com/minute together/small
-MITR/E head band or mitre box
mitr/al head band or mitre box/refers to
MOL/O- to mill or grind
mol/ar to mill or grind/refer to
MON/O- one
mono/nucle/osis one/ nut/ condition of
MORPHO- shape
a/morph/ous without/shape or form/state of or composed of
MORT/O- Death
mort/al death/refers to
–MOTOR movement or motion
oculo/motor eye/motion or movement
psycho/motor mind/movement
MUC/O- Slime
muc/oids lime/resembles
MULTI- many, multiple, excessive
multiple sclera/osis (MS) many: hardening/condition of
MUMPS swelling
MY/O- muscle
my/oma muscle or muscular/tumor
MYC/O- fungus
myc/oid fungus/resembles
MYDRI/O- to widen
mydri/opt/ic to widen/vision/refers to
MYEL/O- spinal cord or bone marrow
myelo/gram spinal cord/recording
myel/itis bone marrow/inflamed
MYRING/O- eardrum
myring/itis eardrum/inflamed (infected)
MYX/O- mucus
myx/oma mucus/tumor or swelling
myx/oid mucus/resembles
NANO- 1 billionth
nano/meter 1 billionth part
NARC/O- sleep
narco/lepsy sleep/seizure
NARES nose opening
NAS/O- nose
nas/al nose/refers to
NAT- birth
nat/al birth/refers to
NATRI- sodium or salt
hyper/natr/emia increase/sodium or salt/in blood
NAVICUL/O- boat or boat shaped
navicul/ar boat shaped/refer to
NECR/O- death, dead, dying
necrot/ic death, dead, dying/refers to
necr/osis death, dead, dying/condition of
NEO- new
neo/plasm new/growth
NEPHR/O- kidney
nephr/itis kidney/inflamed
NEUR/O- nerve
neur/algia nerve/pain
NEUTR/O- neither or neutral
neutro/phil(e) neither or neutral/love for
NEV/O- birthmark
nev/us birthmark/refers to
NIGRA- black
nigra bodies black: structures in and around cell nucleus
NIN/O- nine
nin/us nine/pertains to
NOCT/I- night or blind
noct/uria night/urination (excessive)
-NOIA mind
para/noia beyond/mind
NUCLE/O- nut
nucle/us nut(shaped)/refers to
NULL/I- none or no
nulli/para none or no (null or voided)/births
NUTRI/O- to nourish
nutri/tion to nourish/process of
-O/PEXY to fixate, attach, sew
nephr/opex/y kidney/fixate, attach, sew (suture)/procedure of
-O/PLASTY repair or plastic surgery
rhino/plast/y nose/repair or plastic surgery/procedure of
-O/RRHAGIA bursting forth or heavy flow
meno/rrhagia monthly (female cycle)/bursting forth (heavy flow)
-O/RRHEA discharge or flow
men/o/rrhea monthly/discharge or flow (slow)
gon/o/rrhea gonad/flow
-O/RRHEXIS rupture or protrusion
enter/o/rrhexis intestine (small)/rupture or protrusion
OBLIQUE side-long or slanted
OBSTETR/I- midwife
obstetr/ics midwife(childbirth)/pertains to
OCCIPIT/O- back of head
occipit/otomy back of head/opening (surgical procedure)
occipit/al back of head/pertains to
OCCLUSI/O- closure or blockage
occlus/ion closure or blockage/process of
OCCULT/O- hidden
occult/a (spina bi/fida) hidden (thorn: two/clefts)/refers to
OCT/O- eight
oct/agon eight/walls
OCUL/O- eye
oculo/motor eye/movement
ODONT/O- tooth
odont/oid tooth/resembling
-OID resembling
lip/oid fat/resembling
epi/derm/oid upper/skin/resembling
OLEO- oil
oleo/vitamin oil (fish oil)/life giving (fat soluble vitamins)
-OLEUM oil
oleo/infusion oil/injection
petr/oleum stone/oil
OLFACT/O- smelling or smell
olfact/ory smelling or smell/process of
OLIG/O- few, scanty, slight, little
oligo/meno/rrhea few, scanty, slight, little/monthly/flow
-OLOG/Y science or study of, process of
hist/olog/y web-like or tissue/science of or study of/process of
-OMA tumor or swelling
carcin/oma crab or crab-like/tumor or swelling
OMO- shoulder
omo/burs/itis shoulder (near arm)/sack/inflamed
OMPHAL/O- navel or umbilicus
omphal/ectomy navel or umbilicus/removal (excision)
ONC/O- tumor
onco/log/y tumor/science or study of/process of
onco/log/ist tumor/science of or study of/specialist
ONYCH/O- nail
onycho/fidia nail/split
OOPHOR/O- ovary
oophor/itis ovary (seed producer)/inflamed
OPHTHALM/O- eye or eyeball
ophthalm/olog/ist eye/science or study of/specialist
ophthalm/ic eye or eyeball/refer to
OPISTH/O- backwards (bending)
opistho/tonus backward (bending)/tone
OPTO- vision, sight, eye
opto/metr/ist vision or sight/measurement/specialist
ORA- mouth
or/al mouth/pertains to
ORB- circle or dish
orbit/al circle or dish (eye socket)/pertains to
ORCHI/O- teste or seed producer
orchi/oma teste or seed producer/tumor or swelling
orch/itis testicle/inflamed
-OREXIA appetite
an/orexia without/appetite (not hungry)
-ORRHAPHY suturing or repair
neur/orrhaph/y nerve/suturing or repair/procedure of
ORTH/O- straight, normal, correct
ortho/dont/ic straight, normal, correct/teeth/refers to
OS- mouth
trache/os/tom/y windpipe/mouth/cut/process
OSCILL/O- to swing
oscillo/graph to swing/instrument
-OSE sugar
malt/ose malt/sugar
-OSIS condition of or disease
scoli/osis crooked (lateral curve)/condition of or disease
OSMO- smell
an/osm/ia without/smell/refers to
OSTE/O- bone
osteo/path bone/disease
osteo/por/osis bone/cavities (pores)/condition of
-OSTOMY mouth like opening produced by surgery
col/ostomy colon/opening (mouth like formation) procedure
OT/O- ear
ot/itis ear/inflamed
-OTOMY cutting, to cut, cut into
tracheo/tom/y rough (windpipe)/cut into/procedure of
ana/tom/y apart/cutting/procedure of or process of
-OTRIPSY crushing or to crush
neur/otrips/y nerve/crushing or to crush/procedure of (surgical)
litho/tripsy stone/crushing/procedure of (kidney or gall stones 'calculi')
OV/O- egg
ov/ary egg/refer to
ovul/ate egg/state of or process of (producing)
OX/Y- sharp or oxygen molecules
oxy/op/ia sharp/vision/refers to
oxy/gen sharp (mentally)/producing, developing, forming
oxy/gen/ation oxygen (molecules)/development/process of
PACHY- thick
pachy/derm/ia thick/skin/refers to
PALAT/O- palate, plate or plate of the mouth roof
palato/plasty palate (roof of mouth)/repair
palat/oplasty roof of mouth or palate/surgical repair
palat/ine plate of mouth roof (skull bones)/state of
PALL/O- pale or lack of color
pall/or pale or lack of color/one who
PALM/A- palm or palm of hand
palm/ar palm or palm of hand/refer to
PALPAT/O- touching or to touch
palpat/ion touching or to touch/process of
PALPEBRA- eyelid
palpebr/itis eyelid/inflamed
PALPIT- quivering or fluttering
palpit/ation quivering or fluttering (heart)/process of
PALSY slight or moderate paralysis
Cerebral Palsy (C.P.) brain: paralysis
PAN- all, total, complete
pan/dem/ic all, total, complete/people/pertain to
pan/creat/itis all/flesh/inflamed
PAPILLA- nipple
papill/ary nipple/state of or refer to
PARA- near, beside, beyond, around, similar, abnormal
para/thyr/oid near/shield shaped/resembling
-PARESIS paralysis
hemi/pare/sis half/paralysis (slight)/condition of
PARIET/O- wall or partition
pariet/al wall or partition/refer to (skull bone)
PART/O- birth or labor
post/part/um after/birth or labor/refers to
PATELL/O- little dish or knee cap
patell/ar little dish (knee cap)/refer to
PATH/O- disease
path/o/log/y disease/science of or study of/process of
PAUS/O- stoppage
meno/paus/al monthly/stoppage/refers to
PECT/O- chest
pector/al chest (anterior breast area)/refer to
PED- foot or feet
ped/al foot or feet/refer to
PEDI- child
ped/iatrics child/treat
ped/ia/tric/ian child/treats or cures/one who
pediculo/sis lice (head, body or pubic)/condition of
PELI- purple
peli/osis purple/condition of
PELL- skin
pell/agra skin/rough or painful
PELVI/O- base, basin, pelvis
pelv/ic base, basin, pelvis/refers to
PEN/O- tail, organ of copulation, penis
pen/itis penis/inflamed
-PENIA decrease in number
leuko/cyto/penia white (WBC's)/cells/decrease in number
PENT/A- five
pent/agon five/walls
penta/dactyl five (normal)/fingers and toes on each limb
PEPS/O- digestion
dys/peps/ia difficult or painful/digestion/refers to
PER- through
per/cutane/ous through/skin/state of
per/meate through/opening
PERI- around
peri/cardi/um around/heart/refers to
peri/stal/sis around/to clasp and compress/condition
PERINE/O- base or floor
perin/eal base or floor/refers to
PERITON/E- that which holds the lower viscera
peritone/um that which holds the lower organs/refers to
periton/itis membrane holding lower viscera or organs and structures/inflammation
PERONEO- pin or concerning the lower outside leg bone
perone/al pin or concerning the lower outside leg bone/refers to
perone/us pin/refers to
PES foot
tali/pes ankle/foot
PETECH/I- small
petech/ial small/refers to
PETIT little illness
petit mal little illness/bad
PETRO- rock, stone, hard
petro/derma rock, stone, hard/skin
osteo/petr/osis bone/stone-like/condition
PHAGO- eat, eating, perverse appetite
phago/cyto/sis eat, eating, perverse appetite/cells (WBC's)/refers to
PHALANG/O- close knit row (fingers and toes)
a/phalang/ia without/close knit row (fingers and toes)/refers to
PHARMAC/O- drug relationship, to drug, medicine
pharmac/o/log/ist drug or medicine/study of/specialist
PHARYNG/O- throat
pharyng/itis pharynx or throat/inflamed (sore throat)
PHAS/O- speech or speaking
dys/phas/ia difficult or faulty/speech or speaking/refers to
-PHASE stage
meta/phase change/stage or an appearance
-PHERESIS withdrawal or to separate
hemato/pheresis blood/to separate
-PHILE love of, to love, love for
eosino/phil/ia rose red (WBC staining)/love of/refers to
PHIM/O- to muzzle or muzzling
phim/osis to muzzle or muzzling/condition of
PHLEB/O- vein
phleb/itis vein/inflamed
phleb/o/tom/ist vein/cut/specialist (draws blood)
PHOB/O- fear
hydro/phob/ia water/fear (rabies)/refers to
PHOC/O- seal
phoco/mel/ia seal/limbs/refers to
PHON/O- voice or sound
dys/phon/ia faulty or difficult/voice or sound/refers to
PHOR/O- feeling (mental)
eu/phor/ia good/feeling (mental)/refers to
-PHORESIS migration, transport, move or carry
a/phoresis no or lack of/migration, transportation, movement
hemo/phoresis blood/carrying, migration, transmitting
chema/phoresis chemical/not moving
epi/phoresis above/to carry or bear
PHOT/O- light
photo/graphy light/process of recording with device
photo/phobia light/fear of
PHRAG/O- wall or partition
dia/phragm across or through/wall or partition
PHRASO- speech or talk
a/phras/ia without/speech, talk, unable to understand phrases/refers to
-PHRAXIA stoppage or obstruction
hemo/phrax/ia blood/stoppage or obstruction/refers to
PHREN/O- mind or diaphragm
phren/ia mind (mental disorder)/pertains to
phren/ic (nerve) diaphragm/pertains to
-PHYLAXIS protection or guard
pro/phylaxis before/protection or guard
ana/phylaxis away from/prevention
PHYSI/O- function of or nature of
physi/o/log/y function or nature of/science of/process of
-PHYSIS growth or nature of
sym/physis together/growth or nature of
PHYTO- plant
phyto/toxin plant/poison
PIA- gentle
pia mater soft or gentle: mother
PIL/O- hair
pil/oma hair/swelling or tumor-like
PINN/A- feather or feather like
pinna/form feather like/shape
PITUIT/O- phlegm or glue like mucus
pituit/ary phlegm or glue like mucus/refer to
PITYR/I- bran (cereal like scales on skin)
pityri/asis bran (cereal like scales on skin)/refers to
placent/itis cake/inflamed
-PLAKIA plate or plate-like
leuko/plakia white/plate
PLAN/O- flat or a plain
plan/us pes plan/us
PLANT/O- sole of foot
plant/ar sole of the foot/refer to
PLAS- growth, development, formation
hyper/plas/ia excessive/growth, development, formation/pertains to
-PLEG/IA paralysis
quadri/plegia four (limbs)/paralysis
para/plegia beyond (lower two limbs)/paralyzed
PLEUR/O- side or rib
pleur/itis side or rib/inflamed
-PLEXY paralysis
neuro/plexy nerve/paralysis
-PNEA breathe or breathing
a/pnea without or lack of/breathe or breathing
PNEUM/O- lung, air, respiration
pneumo/thorax air (within)/chest
-POIE/SIS to make, form, produce
hemato/poie/sis blood (large amount)/to make, form, produce/condition or state of
POIKIL/O- irregular or varied shape
poikilo/cytic irregular or varied shape/cell
POLI/O- gray
polio/myel/itis gray/spinal cord/inflamed
POLLEX- thumb
pollex/ectomy thumb/removal
POLY- many
poly/dipsia many/thirsts (being thirsty)
PONS bridge
POR/O- cavity or passage (porous)
osteo/por/o/sis bone/cavity or passage (porous)/condition of
POST- after or behind
post/part/um after/birth/refers to
poster/ior after or behind/refers to
-POX pits
small pox3tiny/pits
PRAND/I- meal or breakfast
prandi/al meal or breakfast/pertain to
a/prand/ial without/meal/refer to
-PRAX/IA movement or action
pharmaco/prax/ia drug/movement or action/pertain to
myo/prax/is muscle/action/refers to
PRE- before
pre/natal before/birth
PREPUCE foreskin or hood
presby/op/ia old (weak eyes of elderly)/vision/refers to
PRIM/I- first
prim/ary first/refers to
PRO- before
pro/gnosis before/knowledge
pro/phylax/is before/prevention or guard/refers to
PROCT/O- rectum or anus
proct/o/log/ist rectum or anus/science or study of/specialist
PRONE- to bend forward
pronat/ion to bend forward/process of
PROPRI/O- property (nerve stimuli or information)
proprio/ceptor property (nerve stimulation or information)/ones own receives
PROSTAT/O- one who lies before
prostat/ectomy one who lies before/excision (cut out)
PROT/O- first
proto/zoon first/animals
PROXIM/O- close or closest
proxim/al close or closest/refer to
PRUR/I- itch or itching
prur/itis itch/inflamed
PSEUD/O- false
pseudo/membranous false/skin like/state of
PSOAS loin (lumbar)
PSOR/I- to itch
psori/asis to itch/condition of
PSYCH/O- mind
psych/olog/y mind/science of or study of/process of
PTERYG/O- winged
pteryg/oid winged/resembles
-PTOSIS to drop, fall, displace
splanchno/ptosis viscera or organ/to drop, fall, displace
nephro/ptosis kidney/to drop, fall, displace
-PTYSIS spitting or spit
hemo/ptysis blood/spitting or spit
PUB/O- pubis or pubic
pub/ic pubis or pubic/refers to
PULMON/O- lung
pulmon/ary lung/pertains to
PULP/O- solid flesh
pulp/itis solid flesh/inflamed
PUPILL/O- pupil
pupilo/meter pupil/to measure (size of ring shape)
PURPUR/O- purple
purpur/ic purple/refers to
PYEL/O- pelvis or kidney
pyelo/nephr/itis pelvis/of kidney /inflammation
PYKN/O- thick, dense, compact
pykn/emia thick/refers to blood
PYL/O- gatekeeper
pyl/or/ic gatekeeper/one who/refer to
PYO- pus
pyo/gen/ic pus/produce/refers to
PYRET/O- fever
pyret/ic fever 'febrile', heat, fire/refers to
pyreto/gen fever/producing
QUADR/I- four
quadr/ants four/refers to
QUINT/I- five
quintu/plet five/offspring or folds
RADI/O- ray, spoke, X-ray, radio activity
radia/tion ray, spoke, X-ray, radio-activity/process of or state of
rad/ius spoke/refer to
RADIC/O- nerve root or spinal nerve
radicul/itis nerve root/inflammation
RAY- spoke or wave length
RE- again
re/spir/ation again/breath/process of
RECT/O- rectum or straight
recto/clysis rectum or straight/washing out
rectus abdominal muscles straight/belly/muscle
REN/O- kidney
ren/al kidney/pertaining to
RETICUL/O- network
reticul/ation network/process of
RETINA net or net like
Retin/itis net or net like/inflamed
RETR/O- back of, behind, backward, after
retro/cervic/al behind/neck/refers to
retro/grade back of, backward, behind, after/movement
retro/col/ic back of/big intestine/refers to
RHACHI/O- jointed vertebrae, spine, spinal column
rhach/itis jointed vertebrae, spine, spinal column/inflamed
RHEUMAT/O- discharge or flow through
rheumat/oid arthr/itis discharge or flow through/resembles: joint/inflamed
RHIN/O- nose
rhino/plasty nose/repair or plastic surgery (nose job)
rhin/itis nose/inflamed
rhin/o/rrhea nose/running
RHOMB/O- parallelogram or diamond shaped
rhomb/oid muscles parallelogram (diamond shaped)/resembles: muscles
RHYTID/O- wrinkles
rhytid/ectomy wrinkles/plastic surgery to remove wrinkles
rhytido/plasty wrinkles/plastic surgery or repair
RICHETTS/IA rickets like symptoms in joints
ROENT/O- X-ray
roent/gen/ic x-ray/beginning or caused by/refer to
ROTAT/O- to turn or swing around
rotat/or to turn or swing around/one who
-RRHYTHM rhythm or contraction
a/rrhythm lack of or without/rhythm or contraction
RUBE/O- red
rube/osis red/condition of
RUG/A- folds
rug/ae folds/refers to
SACCHAR/O- sugar
sacchar/ide sugar/likeness
SACR/O- saucer or sacred bone
sacr/al saucer or sacred bone/pertaining to
SAGITT/O- arrow or arrow like
mid/sagitt/al middle/like and arrow or arrow-like (cut)/refers to(visual or surgical cut separating body or parts into right and left segments)
SALIV/O- spit
saliv/ation spit (making)/process of saliva/process of (making or producing)
SALPING/O- tube, duct, canal
salping/itis tube, duct, canal/inflamed
SARC/O- fleshy
sarc/oma fleshy/tumor
SCAB/O- to itch
scab/ies to itch/condition of(mite infestation of skin)
SCAPUL/O- shoulder blade
scapul/ectomy shoulder blade/removal (surgical excision)
SCHIZ/O- split or splitting
schizo/phren/ia split/mind/refers to
SCLER/O- hardening
athero/scler/osis yellow fat or porridge/hardening/condition of
scler/itis hard/inflammation
SCOLI/O- crooked or twisted
scoli/osis crooked or twisted (spine)/condition of
-SCOP/E an instrument that examines or views
micro/scop/e small/to view or examine/instrument(process of)
-SCOPY to examine or view
lapro/scop/y abdomen wall or abdominal/to examine or view/procedure of
SCOT/O- darknesss
cot/oma darkness (blind spot)/swelling or tumor (causing
SCROT/O- sac or pouch
scrot/al sac or pouch/refers to
SCURVY to scratch
SEB/O- oil
seb/aceous gland oil/pertains to
SECRETO- separating or to separate
secreat/or separating or to separate/one who
SECT/O- to cut
sect/ion to cut (several times) or to cut apart/procedure of(to section an organ)
SEMI- half
semi/conscious half/aware
SEMIN/O- seed or seed producer
semin/al seed or seed producer/refers to
SENIL/E- old
senil/ity old/state of(mental and/or physical weakness)
SEPT/A- partition or wall
sept/um partition or wall/refers to(wall dividing a space: nose and heart)
SEPT/I- seventh
septi/para seventh/child births or born infants
SEPT/O- poison, infection, decay, putrefy
sept/ic poison/refer to
SIAL/O- saliva or spit
sial/aden/itis saliva or spit/gland/inflammation
hypo/sialo/gogic low/saliva/production
SIDER/O- iron
sidero/cyte iron/cell
SILIC/O- silicon carbon particles
silico/sis silicon carbon particles/refers to
SIN/O- cavity
sin/us cavity/refers to
SINISTR/O- to the left or left
sinistro/card/ia to the left or left/heart/refers to
SKELET/O- dried up or to attach
skelet/al dried up or to attach/refers to
SOLE- the sole of the foot
sole/us sole of foot/refers to
-SOL in solution or solution
aero/sol air/solution
SOM/O- body
psycho/somat/ic mind/body/refer to
SOMN/O- sleep
somni/pathy sleep/disease
SON/O- sounds
ono/gram sound/recording or writing
SPAD/I- to tear
epi/spad/ism upon/to tear/state of
-SPASM involuntary contraction
myo/spasm muscle/sudden involuntary muscle contraction
SPERM/O- sperm
spermo/cide sperm/to kill
SPHER/O- ball, globe, round
spher/o/cyte ball, globe, round/cells
SPHINCT/O- that which binds together
sphinct/er that which binds together or tight (ring like)
SPHYGM/O- pulse
sphygmo/mano/meter pulse/by hand/measurement
SPHYXI/O- pulse or lack of pulse
a/sphyx/ia without/pulse/refers to
SPIN/O- thorn or thorny
spin/al thorn or thorny/refers to
SPIR/O- breathe or breathing
spir/o/meter breathe, breathing/measure
spiro/gram breathing/record
spiro/graph breathing/instrument used to record
splanchn/o/log/y organ (viscera)/study of/process of
SPLEN/O- spleen
splen/o/tom/y spleen (organ)/cut into/procedure of
SPONDYL/O- vertebra
spondyl/itis vertebra/inflamed
SPRAIN to wring out or press out
SQUAM/O- scaly
squam/ous scaly/refers to
-STALSIS to contract
peri/stalsis around/to contract
STAPED/O- stirrup
staped/ectomy stirrup (shape)/excision or removal
STAPHYL/O- grape or grape-like clusters
straphylo/coccus grape or grape-like clusters/berry
-STASIS stoppage, standing, location
hemo/stasis blood/stoppage
homeo/stasis same or equal/standing or location
-STAT to stop or immediately
hemo/stat blood/to stop
-STAXIA dripping or trickling
epi/staxia upon/dripping or trickling
STEAT/O- fat
steato/rrhea fat/flow
STEN/O- narrowing
sten/osis narrowing/condition of
STEREO- three dimensional or solid
stereo/cine/fluoro/graphy three dimensional/motion picture/fluorescence/recording procedure
STERN/O- chest, sternum, or breastbone
stern/al chest, sternum, breastbone/pertain to
STETH/O- chest
stetho/scope chest/to examine
-STOLE contract
sy/stole together/contract
dia/stole between/contraction
STOMAT/O- mouth
stomat/itis mouth/inflamed
STRABISM/O- to squint or squinting
strabism/us to squint or squinting/refers to
STRAIN to draw tight
STRAT/I- layer
strati/form layer/shaped
strat/um basal layer/refers to: base of (skin)
STREPT/O- twisted or twisted chain
strepto/coccus twisted or twisted chain/spheres
STRI/A- stripes or threads
stria/tion stripes or threads/process of
STRICT/O- drawing or binding
strict/ure drawing or binding/state of
STY/E raised
Created by: gcash91
Popular Medical sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards