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Fracture Review

Review of various fractures and bone injuries

QuestionAnswer
What is a frature? It is a disruption in the continuity of a bone
Describe a "greenstick" fracture. A common fracture in children where the bone breaks incompletely.
Describe a "sprial" fracture. A ragged break that occurs when excessive twisting forces are applied to a bone.
Describe an "impacted" fracture. When broken bone ends are forced into each other.
Describe a "comminuted" fracture. When a bone is broken completely and into many pieces.
Describe a "fissured" fracture. When a bone undergoes an incomplete and longitudinal break.
Describe a "transverse" fracture. A complete break in the bone that occurs at a right angle to the axis of the bone.
Describe an "oblique" fracture. A complete break in the bone that occurs at an angle other than a right angle to the axis of the bone.
What is a "simple" fracture? When a bone sustains a break and does NOT protrude through the soft tissues of the integuemtary system.
What is a "compound" fracture? When a bone breaks or sustains an injury and one or both ends of the bone protrude through the skin.
What is a "stress" fracture? Microdamage due to repeated loading of low magnitude forces on the bone.
What is a "stress reaction"? Any increase in magnitude or frequency of bone loading.
What is "osteochondrosis"? When an injury to the bone involves disruption of blood supply to an epiphysis of a bone.
Created by: gwacker