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ANAT-CH23-TEST

anatomy ch 23 review for test

QuestionAnswer
normal breathing moves in how many ml of air 500ml
how much of air is left in the lungs even after you breathe out fully (a.k.a. dead space) 1200ml
respiration rate for newborns 40-80 per minute
respiration rate for infants 30 per minute
respiration rate for 5-year-olds 25 per minute
respiration rate for adults 12-18 per minute
during expiration, what happens to the diaphragm it relaxes
what is the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the bloodstream respiratory gas exchange
what is internal respiration gas exchange between blood and body cell
what is external respiration oxygen transport into the blood
what are hiccups, crying, and laughing non respiratory air movements
what is vital capacity the total amount of exchangeable air (TV+IRV+ERV)
what is a stethoscope used to listen to breathing sounds
bronchial sounds are produced by air rushing through the what trachea and bronchi
what helps with oxygen transport in red blood cells hemoglobin
what device is used to measure respiratory capacity spirometer
what is functional volume air that actually reaches the respiratory zone
what is the average functional volume 350ml
what is inspiratory reserve air taken in forcibly
what is the inspiratory reserve average 2100-3200ml
what is exspiratory reserve air forcibly exhaled
what is the average exspiratory reserve 1200ml
what is vesicular breathing sounds soft sounds of air filling alveoli
what is the smallest respiratory divison bronchioles
what is an alveoli the air sac where gas exchange occurs in the lungs
the trachea connects the what with what the larynx and bronchi
how many lobes does the left lung have 2
how many lobes does the right lung have 3
what is pulmonary ventilation
normal breathing moves in how many ml of air 500ml
how much of air is left in the lungs even after you breathe out fully 1200ml
respiration rate for newborns 40-80 per minute
respiration rate for infants 30 per minute
respiration rate for 5-year-olds 25 per minute
respiration rate for adults 12-18 per minute
during expiration, what happens to the diaphragm it relaxes
what is the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide via the bloodstream respiratory gas exchange
what is internal respiration gas exchange between blood and body cell
what is external respiration oxygen transport into the blood
what are hiccups, crying, and laughing non respiratory air movements
what is vital capacity the total amount of exchangeable air
what is a stethoscope used to listen to breathing sounds
bronchial sounds are produced by air rushing through the what trachea and bronchi
what helps with oxygen transport in red blood cells hemoglobin
what device is used to measure respiratory capacity spirometer
what is functional volume air that actually reaches the respiratory zone
what is the average functional volume 350ml
what is inspiratory reserve air taken in forcibly
what is the inspiratory reserve average 2100-3200ml
what is exspiratory reserve air forcibly exhaled
what is the average exspiratory reserve 1200ml
what is vesicular breathing sounds soft sounds of air filling alveoli
what is the smallest respiratory divison bronchioles
what is an alveoli the air sac where gas exchange occurs in the lungs
the trachea connects the what with what the larynx and bronchi
how many lobes does the left lung have 2
how many lobes does the right lung have 3
what is pulmonary ventilation moving air in and out of the lungs
what is external ventilation gas exchange between pulmonary blood and alveoli
when you inspire what happens to the thoracic cavity it increases
what is an adams apple thyroid or hyaline cartilage that protrudes outward on the larynx
what is an epiglottis a spoon-shaped flap of elastic cartilage; superior opening of the larynx; and routes fod to the larynx and air toward the trachea
what is another term for adenoids pharyngeal tonsils
where is the voice box located larynx
where is the nasopharynx superior region behind the nasal cavity
where is the oropharynx middle region behind the mouth
where is the laryngopharynx inferior region attached to the larynx
where is the pharyngeal tonsils located in the nasopharynx
where is the palatine tonsils located in the oropharynx
where is the lingual tonsils located at the base of the tongue
what is another word for trachea windpipe
the passage way to the lungs help do what to the incoming air warm, purify, and humidify
air enters the nose through what external nares or nostrils
which bronchus is wider, straighter and shorter than the other the right
explain the location of the lungs the superior portion is near the clavicle; the base of the lungs rest on the diaphragm
the lungs occupy most of the what cavity thoracic
the interior of the nose consists of a division by what septum
what kind of receptors are on the mucosa olfactory receptors
the nasal cavity does what to the air turbulance increases it
what is the hard palate made of bone
what is the soft palate made of cartilage
where is the hard palate located anterior
where is the soft palate located posterior
the respiratory membrane divides what air and blood
what is the function of pleural fluid to reduce friction
what are the 4 bones that surround the paranasal sinuses frontal, shenoid, maxillary, and ethmoid bones
what factors influence how you breathe obesity, body temp, coughing, exercise, and age
what is asthma chronic inflammation, hypersensitive bonchiole passages
what is chronic bronchitis mucosa of the lower repiratory passages bcomes severely inflamed
describe a person with COPD smoker; labored breathing becomes severe; retain carbon dioxide; will develope repiratory failure
what is SIDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome; breathing stops suddenly and dies during sleep
what is emphysema alveoli enlargers as adjacent chambers break through; promotes lung fibrosis
what is the muscular passage from the nasal cavity to the larynx the parynx
what are 3 common types of lung cancer squamous cell carcinoma; adenocarcinoma; and small cell carcinoma
why is mucus important it caches incoming foreign particles; it protects the stomach from acid damage
what is the function of your sinuses lightens the skull; acts as resonance chambers for speech; produce mucus that drains to the nasal cavity
lungs are not fully inflated until how long after birth 2 weeks
what happens to the respiratory system of an elderly person with age elasticity of the lungs decreases, vital capacity decreases, blood oxygen levels decrease, more risk of respiratory tract infection
what is cystic fibrosis birth defect; over secretion of thick mucus clogs the respiratory system
why is it so important to have a difference in pressure inside the lungs and the pleural space around them so the lungs dont collapse
during inspiraiton what happens to the diaphragm it contacts
expiration make the thoracic cavity what get smaller
inspiration makes the thoracic cavity what get bigger
what is tidal volume ml of air with each breath
how does blood give oxygen to areas in need and pick up carbon dioxide waste by traveling to the extremities of the body
features of the vocal chords vibrates with expelled air to create sounds (speech)
what is another name for the voice box larynx
what is normal respiratory rate per minute 12-15
what is the opening between the vocal chords Glottis
what is the name of the cartilage that reinforces the trachea hyaline cartilage
what is the most common passageways for air and food oropharynx and laryngopharynx
what in the nasal cavity increases surface area and air turbulence the conchae
Created by: karligirl725