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Path. Conditions

The Nervous System

Paraplegia paralysis of the lower extremities, is caused by severe injury to the spinal cord in the thoracic or lumbar region, resulting in loss of sensory & motor control below the level of injury to the lumbar & thoracicregions(ielossofbladder,bowel&sexualcontrol)
Hydrocephalus an abnormal increase of CSF in the brain that causes the ventricles of the brain to dilate, resulting in an increased head circumference in the infant with open fontanels;a congenital disorder.
Hydrocephalus(treatment) Treatment is to relieve or remove the obstruction initiated. When there is no obstruction, a shunt is generally required to relieve the intracranial pressure (ICP).
Neuralgia (trigeminal neuralgia) short periods of severe unilateral pain which radiates along the fifth cranial nerve. Analgesics are used to control the pain. The nerve roots can be dissected through a surgical procedure when no other options have relieved the pain.
Cerebral Palsy a collective term used to describe congenital brain damage that is permanent but not progressive. Characterized by the child's lack of control of voluntary muscles.
Cerebrovascular Accident Death of a specific portion of brain tissue, resulting from ischemia to that area of the brain;also called stroke.Treatment depends on the cause and effect of the stroke.The prognosis for a stroke victim is dependent upon the degree of damage to the brain
Cerebrovascular Accident(treatment) Occur largely in individuals older than 50 years of age and often during rest or sleep. Treatment depends upon the cause and effect of the stroke.The prognosis for a stroke victim is dependent upon the degree of damage to the affected area of the brain.
Encephalitis Inflammation of the brain or spinal cord tissue largely caused by a virus that enters the CNS when the person expereinces a viral disease such as measles or mumps or through the bite of a mosquito or tick.
Encephalitis(treatment) Treatment includes giving medications treating symptoms and preventing complications.
Epilepsy A syndrome of recurring episodes of excessive irregular electrical activity of the CNS called seizures. May occur with a diseased or strucutrally normal CNS,& this abnormal electrical activity may involve a part or all of the person's brain.
Parkinson's Disease A degenerative, slowly progressive deterioration of nerves in the brain stem's motor system, characterized by a gradual onset of symptoms.
Parkinson's Disease(treatment) Treatment for this disease in addition to drug therapy, consists of control of symptoms and supportive measures with physical therapy play a very important role in keeping the person's mobility maximized.
Created by: savvyvannah