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CH 14 Nervous System

Root Words

QuestionAnswer
acces/o- supplemental or contributing part
gemin/o- set or group
affer/o- bring toward the center
arachn/o- spider; spiderweb
astr/o- starlike structure
audit/o- sense of hearing
autonom/o- independent; self governing
cav/o- hollow space
cerebell/o- cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o- cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cochle/o- cochlea (of the inner ear)
cortic/o- cortex (outer region)
crani/o- cranium
cyt/o- cell
dendr/o- branching structure
dors/o- back; dorsum
dur/o- dura mater
effer/o- go out from the center
encephal/o- brain
cephal/o- head
ependym/o- cellular lining
esthes/o- esthet/o- sens/o- sensation; feeling
faci/o- face
fiss/o- splitting
front/o- front
gloss/o- tongue
gustat/o- sense of taste
meningi/o- mening/o- meninges
micr/o- one millionth; small
-glia (glue cells) cells that support
mot/o- movement
myelin/o- myelin
myel/o- bone marrow; spinal cord; myelin
nerv/o- neur/o- nerve
occipit/o- occiput (back of the head)
ocul/o- opt/o- vis/o- eye; vision; sight
olfact/o sense of smell
olig/o- scanty; few
pariet/o- wall of cavity
pathet/o- -pathy suffering; disease
peripher/o- outer aspects
pharyng/o- pharynx (throat)
radicul/o- rhiz/o- spinal nerve root
recept/o- receive
somat/o- body
spin/o- spine; backbone
tempor/o- temple (side of the head)
thalam/o- thalamus
transmitt/o- to send across or through
trochle/o- structure shaped like a pulley
vag/o- wandering; vagus nerve
ventricul/o- ventricle (lower heart chamber; chamber in the brain)
ventr/o- front; abdomen
vestibul/o- vestibule (entrance)
Created by: ricrom81