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Lesson one

feudalism economic & political system of Europe in the Middle Ages based on certain obligations
fief a large piece of land granted by a king to a lord in exchange for his loyalty
vassal a person who promised to fight when needed by his lord, in exchange for land
serf a person who was bound to live and work ont he land of a noble
manor a self-sufficient farming estate where nobles and serfs lived and worked
knight a son of a noble, who was a trained soldierand gave military service in exchange for the right to hold land
guild an organization of people of the same craft, formed to set standards and promote interests of the craft
Magna Carta a document drawn up by English nobles in 1215 that named certain rights and limited the king's power
apprentice a person who lived and worked, without pay, with a master craftsman in order to learn a trade
convent a religious community in which nuns lead simple lives of work and prayer
saint according to Roman Catholic teachings, a person believed to be especially holy
monk a religious man who lives in a monastery and worships God
nun a religious woman who lives in a convent and worships God
pilgrimage a journey to a holy place for a religious purpose
crusade a series of "holy wars"
lord a noble in the Middle Ages
monastery a religious community in which monks lead lives of work and prayer
saint according to Roman Catholic teachings, a person believed to be especially holy
cathedral a large and elaborate Christain church
commerce the buying and selling of goods
Dark Ages scholars named this as a time when the forces of darkness (barbarians) overwhelmed the forces of light (Romans)
Celtic Gauls, Britons, Bretons
Heresy holding beliefs that contradict the official religion
St. Augustine wrote "Confessions"
Rural slaves became serfs
Created by: vanbeck