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Chap19 AR

Child Health

QuestionAnswer
active acquired immunity form of long-term immunity; protects the body against a new infection as the result of antibodies that develop naturally; received with shots or disease
apical pulse heart rate heard with a stethoscope
apnea absence of spontaneous respiration
axillary temperature body temperature as recorded by the armpit
congenital present at birth
crackles common abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, characterized by discontinuous bubbling noises
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
deciduous teeth baby teeth, also known as primary
dentition eruption of teeth; 20 primary (deciduous) teeth
development increase in function and complexity
febrile pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature
friction rub dry, grating sound heard during auscultation
growth increase in the whole or any of its parts physically
grunting abnormal, short audible deep, hoarse sounds in exhalation that often accompany severe chest pain
head circumference measurement around the greatest circumference of the head of an infant
hydrocephalus pathological condition, abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid; also called hydrocephaly; abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid
immunity quality of being insusceptible to a particular disease or condition
immunization process by which resistance to an infectious disease is induced
infant a child - first month after birth to approximately 12 months of age
length (recumbent) distance from the crown of the infant's head to the infant's heel (legs extended)
lumbar puncture introduction of a hollow needle and stylet into the subarachnoid space of the lumbar portion of the spinal canal to optain specimens of cerebrospinal fluid
microcephalus congenital anomaly characterized by abnormal smallness of the head
natural immunity innate and permanent form of immunity to a specific disease; received at birth
neonatologist medical doctor who specializes in neonatology
neonatology specialty concerned with the diseases and abnormalities of the newborn infant
nomogram graphic representation, by any of various systems, of a numeric relationship
omphalitits inflammation of the umbilical stump
omphalocele congenital herniation of intra-abdominal viscera
omphalorrhea drainage from the umbilicus
oral temperature thermometer placed in the mouth
passive acquired immunity form of acquired immunity, antibodies that are transmitted naturally through the placenta to a fetus through colostrum, artificially by injection of antiserum; received from mother while in utero
pediatrician physician who specializes in pediatrics
pediatric nurse practitioner registered nurse with advanced study and clinical practice in pediatric nursing
pediatrics pertaining to preventive and primary health care and treatment of children
primary teeth baby teeth; also known as deciduous teeth
prodromal pertaining to early signs or symptoms that mark the onset of a disease
pyrexia fever
rectal temperature temperature as measured in the rectum
recumbent lying down
retraction displacement of tissues to expose a part or structure of the body
stature natural height of a person in an upright position
stridor abnormal, high-pitched, musical sound caused by an obstruction in the trachea or larynx
toxoid toxin that has been treated with chemicals or with heat to decrease its toxic effect, ability to cause the production of antibodies
tympananic temperature temperature at the tympanic membrane; eardrum
vaccine suspension of attenuated or killed microorganisms administered intradermally, intramuscularly, orally, or subcutaneously to induce active immunity to infectious disease
vertex top of the head; crown
well-child visit routine health visit in which health professionals assess the current health status of the child
chickenpox (varicella) viral disease; successive eruptions of macules, papules, and vesicles on the skin followed by crusting over of the lesions with a granular scab
diphtheria serious infectious disease affecting the nose, pharynx, or larynx; resulting in sore throat, dysphonia (difficult speaking or hoarseness), and fever
erythema infectiosum (fifth disease) viral disease characterized by "slapped cheeks," fiery red rash on the cheeks
impetigo contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millions of staphlococcus or streptococcus bacteria
mumps (infectious parotitis) viral disease characterized by fever, swelling, and tenderness of one or more salivary glands
pertussis (whooping cough) acute upper respiratory infectious disease; early stages of pertussis are suggestive of the common cold, with slight elevation of fever, sneezing, rhinitis, dry cough, irritability, and loss of appetite
rubella (German measles; 3-day measles) mild febrile (fever causing) infectious disease resembling both scarlet fever and measles, differing from these in its short course; characterized by a rash of both macules and papules
rubeola (red measles, 7-day measles) acute, highly communicable viral disease begins as an upper respiratory disorder with fever, sore throat, cough, runny nose, sensitivity to light, and possible conjunctivitis; typical red, blotchy rash; rash last five days; Koplik's spots in mouth
scarlet fever acute, contagious disease characterized by sore throat, abrupt high fever, increased pulse, strawberry tongue (red and swollen), and punctiform (pointlike) rash
asthma paroxysmal dyspnea (severe attack of difficult breathing), accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane
cleft lip and palate congenital defect in which there is an open space between the nasal cavity and the lip; failure of the hard palate to fuse, resulting in a fissure
croup childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, stridor, and laryngeal spasm
cryptorchidism undescended testicle(s)
Down syndrome congenital condition characterized by multiple defects and varying degrees of mental retardation; trisomy 21
dwarfism generalized growth retardation of the body due to the deficiency of the human growth hormone
epispadias congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the upper side of the penis
gigantism proportional overgrowth of the body's tissue due to the hypersecretion of the human growth hormone
hyaline membrane disease respiratory distress syndrome; severe impairment of the function of respiration in the premature newborn
hydrocele accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct (particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord)
hypospadias congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
intussuception telescoping of a portion of proximal intestine into the distal intestine, causing an obstruction; intermittent, severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and "currant jelly stool"
patent ductus arteriosus abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta caused by failure of the fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth
phimosis tightness of the foreskin
Reye's syndrome marked by serve edema of the brain and increased intracranial pressure, hypoglycemia, and fatty infiltration and dysfunction of the liver; linked to aspirin in children 18 and younger
Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) serious form of child abuse, group of unique symptoms resulting from repetitive violent shaking
spina bifida occulta congenital defect of the central nervous system in which the back portion of one or more vertebrae is not closed
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant
Tay-Sachs disease congenital disorder caused by altered lipid metabolism due to an enzyme deficiency
umbilical hernia outward protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall
heel puncture method of obtaining a blood sample from a newborn or premature infant by making a shallow puncture; surface of the heel (also called a heel stick)
Created by: maxphia32