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Child Health Ch19.

Child Health

QuestionAnswer
active acquired immunity long term acquired immunity that protects the body against a new infection
apical pulse heart rate as heard with a stethoscope placed on the chest wall adjacent to the cardiac apex (top of heart)
apnea absence of spontaneous respiration
axillary temperature body temperature as recorded by a thermometer place in the armpit. reading generally 0.5 to 1.0 degree less than the oral temp
congenital present at birth
crackles common abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation of the chest; bubbling noises
cyanosis bluish-discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane
deciduous teeth baby teeth; the first set of teeth "primary teeth"
dentition eruption of teeth. 20 primary teeth erupting between the ages of 6 to 30 months
febrile pertaining to or characterized by an elevated body temperature
friction rub dry, grating sound heard with a stethoscope during auscultation
growth increase in the whole or any of its parts physically
grunting abnormal, short audible deep, hoarse sounds in exhalation that often accompany severe chest pain
head circumference measurement around the greatest circumference of the head of an infant
hydrocephalus pathological condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid, usually under increased pressure, within the cranial vault
immunity quality of being insusceptible to or unaffected by a particular disease or condition
immunization process by which resistance to an infectious disease is induced or augmented
infant child who is in the earliest stage of extrauterine life; 1 month after birth to 12 or 24 months of age
length (recumbent) measurement of the distance from the crwon of the infants head to the infants heel, while the infant is lying of the back
lumbar puncture introduction of a hollow needle and stylet into the subarachnoid space of the lumbar portion of the spinal canal to obtain specimen of cerebrospinal fluid
microcephalus congenital anomaly characterized by abnormal smallness of the head in relation to the rest of the body and underdevelopment of the brain
natural immunity usually innate and permanent form of immunity to a specific disease
neonatologist medical doctor who specializes in neonatology
neonatology medical specialty concerned with the diseases and abnormalities of the newborn infant
nomogram graphic representation, by any of various systems, of a numeric relationship
omphalitis inflammation of the umbilical stump (redness, swelling, and purulent exudate in severe cases)
omphalocele congenital herniation of intra-abdominal viscera through a defect in the abdomincal wall around the umbilicus
omphalorrhea drainage from the umbilicus
oral temperature body temperature of a normal person as recorded by a clinical thermometer placed in the mouth
passive acquired immunity form of acquired immunity resulting from antibodies that are transmitted naturally through the placenta to a fetus, through the colostrum to an infant
pediatrician physician hwo specialized in pediatrics
pediatric nurse practitioner registered nurse with advanced study and clinical practice in pediatric nursing
pediatrics pertaining to preventive and primary health care and treatment of children and the study of childhood disease
primary teeth baby teeth; first set of teeth (deciduous teeth)
pyrexia fever
rectal temperature temperature as measured in the rectum
recumbent lying down
stature natural height of a person in an upright position
stridor abnormal, high pitched, musical sound caused by an obstruction in the trachea or larynx
tympanic temperature body temperature as measured electronically at the tympanic membrane
vaccine suspension of attenuated or killed microorganisms administered intradermally, intramuscularly, orally or subcutaneously to induce active immunity to infectious disease
vertex top of the head; crown
well child visit routine health visit in which health professionals assess the current health status of the child, progression of growth and development and the need for immunizations.
chickenpox (varicella) viral disease of sudden onset with slight fever, successive eruptions of macules, papules, and vesicles of the skin (Macules are discolorations at normal skin level, papules are raised pimplelike skin blemishes, and vesicles are blisterlike
diphtheria serious infectious disease affecting the nose, pharynx, or larynx-resulting in sore throat, dysphonia, and fever
erythema infectiosum (5th disease) viral disease characterized by a face that appears as "slapped cheeks" a fiery red rash on the cheeks
impetigo contagious superficial skin infection characterized by serous vesicles and pustules filled with millons of staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria, usually forming on the face
mumps (infectious pparotitis) acute viral disease characterized by fever, swelling, and tenderness of one or more salivary glands
pertussis (whooping cough) acute upper respiratory infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis
rubella (German measles; 3-day measles) mild febrile (fever causing) infectious disease resembling both scarlet fever & measles; rash of both macules and papules that fades and disappears in 3 days
rubeola (red measles-7 day measles) acute, highly communicalbe viral disease that begins as an upper respiratory disorder with fever, sore throat, cough, runny nose, sensitivty to light, and possible conjunctivitis- red blotchy rash appears four to five days after onset
scarlet fever (scarlatina) acute, contagious disease characterized by sore throat, abrupt high fever, increased pulse, strawberry tongue (red & swollen) and punctiform bright red rash on the body
asthma paroxysmal dyspnea, accompanied by wheezing caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane
cleft lip congenital defect in which there is an opening between the nasal cavity and the lip-due to failure of the soft tissue and bones
cleft palate failure of the hard palate to fuse-resulting in a fissure in middle of palate
croup childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, stridor, and laryngeal spasm
cryptorchidism condition of undescended testicle; the absence of one or both testicles
down syndrome congenital condition characterized by multiple defects and varying degress of mental retardation
dwarfism growth retardation of the body; congenital hypopituitarism or hypopituitarism
epispadias congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the upperside of penis
gigantism proportional overgrowth of the bodys tissue due to the hypersecretion of the human grwoth hormone
hyaline membrane disease respiratory distress syndrome of the premature infant, hyaline membrane disease is severe impairment of the function of respiration in the premature newborn
hydrocele accumulation of fluid in any saclike cavity or duct, particularly the scrotal sac or along the spermatic cord
hydrocephalus abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain that causes the ventricles of the brain to dialate-increased head circumference in the infant with open fontanels
hypospadias congenital defect in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis instead of at the end
intussusception telescoping of a portion of proximal intestine into distal intestine(usually in the ileocecal region) causing an obstruction
patent ductus arteriosus abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta caused by failure of the fetal ductus arteriosus to close after birth
phimosis tightness of the foreskin (prepuce) of the penis of the male infant that prevents it from being pulled back. May cause some difficulty with urination
Reye's Syndrome marked by severe edema of the brain and increased intracranial pressure, hypoglycemia, and fatty infiltration and dysfunction of the liver
spina bifida occulta congenital defect of the central nervous system in which the back portion of one or more vertebrae is not closed
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently well, or virtually well, infant. "crib death"
Tay-Sachs disease congenital disorder caused by altered lipid metabolism due to an enzyme deficiency
umbilical hernia outward protrusion of the intestine through a weakness in the abdominal wall around the umbilicus
heel puncture method of obtaining a blood sample from a newborn or premature infant by making a shallow puncture of the lateral or medial area of the plantar surface of the heel - "heel stick"
Created by: asmaba08