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Medical Terminology

Nervous/ Endocrine - Chapter 12

Word PartMeaning
acr/o extremities/ arms/ legs
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal glands
andr/o male/ masculine
crin/o secrete
gigant/o giant
gonad/o gonad
herni/o hernia
home/o sameness
hydr/o water
insulin/o insulin
iod/o iodine
myx/o mucus
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroids
ren/o kidney
somat/o body
thyr/o - thyroid/o thyroid gland
toxic/o poison
vascul/o vessel
endo- inside
ex- out/ without/ away from
exo- outside/ outward
para- near/ beside/ abnormal
pro- before/ for
tetra- four
tri- three
-crine secrete
-gen beginning/ origin
-physis growth
-tropic stimulate
-tropic stimulate
-tropin that which stimulates
-uria urine/ urination
-asthenia weakness
-esthesia sensation/ perception
-latric / -iatry medicine
-kinesia movement
-lepsy seizure
-mania excessive preoccupation
-plegia paralysis
-tripsy surgical crushing
algesi/o sensitivity to pain
audi/o hearing
aut/o self
blephar/o eyelid
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum/ brain
cervic/o neck (sometimes cervix uteri
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o cranium (skull)
dacry/o lacrim/o tear
dendr/o tree
dipl/o double
dur/o dura mater
encephal/o brain
esthesi/o feeling
gli/o neuroglia or a sticky substance
kerat/o cornea/ hard/ horny
kinesi/o movement
lumb/o lower back
mening/o meninges
ment/o - psych/o mind
myel/o bone marrow/ spinal cord
my/o muscle
nacr/o stupor
nerv/o - neur/o nerve
ocul/o - ophthalm/o eye
opt/o - optic/o vision
phot/o light
phren/o mind/ diaphragm
physi/o nature
pyr/o fire
retin/o retina
sacr/o sacrum
schist/o - schiz/o split
spin/o spine
thorac/o thorax (chest)
vascul/o vessel
agora- marketplace
contra- against
di- twice
hemi- half
inter between
quadri- four
semi- half/ partly
Created by: Brown