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The Gynecologic Examination and Prenatal Care

Abortion The termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reached the age of viability (20 weeks).
Adnexal Adjacent.
Amenorrhea The absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy, and after menopause.
Atypical Deviation from the normal.
Braxton Hicks Contractions Intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy. They occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains.
Cervix The lower narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
Colposcopy Examination of the cervix using a colposcope(a lighted instrument with a magnifying lens).
Cytology The science that deals with the study of cells, including the origin, structure, function, and pathology.
Dilation The stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of an infant (approximately 10cm).
Dysmenorrhea Pain associated with the menstrual period.
Dyspareunia Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a women during sexual intercourse.
Dysplasia The growth of abnormal cells. Dysplasia is a precancerous condition that may or may not develop into cancer.
Ectocervix The part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium.
EDD Expected date of delivery, or due date.
Effacement The thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1 to 2 cm to a structure with paper-thin edges in which there is no canal at all.
Embryo The child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester.
Endocervix The mucous membrane lining the cervical canal.
Engagement The entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet.
Expected Date of Delivery Projected birth date of the infant.
External Os The opening of the cervical canal of the uterus into the vagina.
Fetal Heart Rate The number of times per minute the fetal heart beats.
Fetal Heart Tones The sounds of the heartbeat of the fetus heard through the mother's abdominal wall.
Fetus The child in utero from the third month after conception to birth; during the first two months of development, it is called an embryo.
Fundus The dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes.
Gestation The period of intrauterine development from conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. the average pregnancy last about 280 days, or 40 weeks, from the date of conception to childbirth.
Gestational Age The age of the fetus between conception and birth.
Gravidity The total number of pregnancies a women has had regardless of duration, including a current pregnancy.
Gynecology The branch of medicine that deals with the diseases of reproductive organs of women.
Infant A child from birth to 12 months of age.
Internal os The internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus.
Lochia A discharge from the uterus after delivery that consist of blood, tissue, white blood cells, and some bacteria.
Menopause The permanent cessation of menstruation which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 50.
Created by: brittanycaupp