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Obstetrics ch 18

Obstetrics

QuestionAnswer
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flow
amnion inner of the two membrane layers that surround and contain the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy
amniotic fluid liquid produced by and contained within the fetal membranes during pregnancy. fluid protect the fetus from trauma and temperature variations
amniotic sac double layered sac that contains the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy
areola darker pigmented, circular area surrounding the nipple of each breast; areola mammae or the areola papillaris
ballottement technique of using the examienrs finger to tap against the uterus, through the vagina to cause the fetus to "bounce"
Braxton Hicks contractions irregular, ineffective contractions of the uterus that occur throughout pregnancy
cerclage suturing the cervix to keep it from dilating prematurely during the pregnancy "purse string"
Chadwicks sign bluish-violet hue of the cervix and vagina after approximately the sixth week of pregnancy
chloasma patches of tan or brown pigmentation associated with pregnancy, occuring mostly on the forehead, cheeks, nose "mask of pregnancy"
chorion outer of the two membrane layers that surround and contain the fetus and the amniotic fluid during pregnancy
coitus sexual intercourse; copulation
colostrum thin, yellowish fluid secreted by the breasts during pregnancy and the first few days after birth
conception union of a male sperm and a female ovum; fertilization
corpus luteum mass of yellowish tissue that forms with the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation
eclampsia most severe form of hypertension during pregnancy, evidenced by seizures
edema swelling, with water retention
effacement thinning of the cervix, which allows it to enlarge the diameter of its opening in preparation for childbirth
embryo name given to the product of conception from the second through the eighth week of pregnancy
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
episiotomy surgical procedure in which an incision is made into the womans perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery of the baby
fetoscope special stethoscope for hearing the fetal heartbeat through the mothers abdomen
fetus name given to the developing baby from approximately the eighth week after conception until birth.
fimbriae fringelike end of the fallopian tube
fundus superior aspect of the uterus
gamete mature sperm or ovum
gastroesophageal reflux return or reflux of gastric juices into the esophagus "burning sensation"
gestation term of pregnancy which equals approximately 280 days from the onset of the last menstrual period - gestational period
gonads gamete-producing gland, such as an ovary or a testie
Goodell's sign softening of the uterine cervix, probable sign of pregnancy
gravida woman who is pregnant; gravida I-first pregnancy, gravida II-second pregnancy, etc.
Hegar's sign softening of the lower segment of the uterus; probable sign of pregnancy
hypertension high blood pressure (140/90 mmHg)
hypotension low blood pressure; abnormal condition
labor time and the processes that occure during birth
lactation production and secretion of milk from the female breasts as nourishment for the infant - breastfeeding
laparoscopy visualization of the abdominal cavity with an instrument called a laparoscope through an incision into the abdominal wall
leukorrhea white discharge from the vagina
lightening settling of the fetal head into the pelvis; few weeks prior to the onset of labor
linea nigra darkened vertical midline appearing on the abdomen of a pregnant woman
lithotomy position position in which the patient lies on her back, buttocks even with the end of table, with her knees bent back toward her abdomen and the heel of each foot resting in an elevated foot rest at the end of the examination table
lordosis forward curvature of the spine
multipara woman who has given birth two or more times after 20 weeks gestation
Nageles Rule formula that is used to calculate the DOB- subtract 3 months from the first day of last menstrual period and add 1 year and 7 days to that date)
neonatology branch of medicine that specializeds in the treatment and care of the disease and disorders of the newborn through the first four weeks of life
nullipara woman who has never completed a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks gestation
obstetrician physician who specializes in the care of woman during pregnancy, the delivery of the baby, and the first six weeks following the delivery
obstetrics field of medicine that deals with pregnancy, the delivery of the baby, and the first six weeks after delivery
ovulation release of the mature ovum from the ovary; 14 days prior to the beginning of menses
placenta highly vascular, disc shaped organ that forms in the pregnant uterine wall for exchange of gases and nutrients between the mother and the fetus
preeclampsia state during pregnancy in which the expectant mother develops high blood pressure, accompanied by proteinuria or edema, or both after 20 weeks
pregnancy period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception through birth- 40 weeks
primipara woman who has given birth for the first time, after a pregnancy of at least 20 weeks gestation
quickening first feeling of movemonet of the fetus felt by the expectant mother- 16 to 20 weeks gestation
striae gravidarum stretch marks that occur during pregnancy due to the great amount of stretching that occurs
trimester one of three periods of approximately three months into which pregnancy is divided; first trimester consist of 1 - 12 weeks, second trimester 13-27 weeks, third trimester 28-40 weeks
waddling gait manner of walking in which the feet are wide aprt and the walk resembles that of a duck
abortion termination of a pregnancy before the fetus has reached a viable age
abruptio placenta premature seperation of a normally implanted placenta from the uterine wall, after the pregnancy has passed 20 weeks gestation or during labor
ectopic pregnancy abnormal implantation of a fertilized ovum outside the uterine cavity; tubal pregnancy
gestational diabetes disorder in which women who are not diabetic before pregnancy develop diabetes during the pregnancy
hyperemesis gravidarum abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by severe vomiting that results in maternal dehydration and weight loss
incompetent cervix condition in which the cervical os, dilates before the fetus reachs term, w/o labor or uterine contractions
bloody show vaginal discharge that is a mixture of thick mucus and pink or dark brown blood
Braxton Hicks contractions mild, irregular contractions that occur throughout pregnancy
lightening expectant mother will notice that she can breathe easier because the descent of the baby relieves some of the pressure from her diaphragm
rupture of the amniotic sac rupture of teh amniotic sac may occure prior to the onset of labor, may occure during labor, or may not occur without assistance - "water broke"
sudden burst of energy suddenly have the energy to do major housecleaning duties-things they have not had the energy to do previously
amniocentesis surgical puncture of the amniotic sac for the purpose of removing amniotic fluid
cesarean section surgical procedure in which the abdomen and uterus are incised and a baby is delivered transabdominally - cesarean delivery
contraction stress test stress test used to evaluate the ability of the fetus to tolerate the stress of labor and delivery (CST)- oxytocin challenge test
pelvic ultrasound noninvasive procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to examine the pelvis
pelvimetry process of measuring the female pelvis; manually or by x-ray to determine its adequacy for childbearing
pregnancy testing tests performed on maternal urine and/or blood to determine the presence of the hormone HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
Created by: asmaba08