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Joint Movement

Movement names and description

Extension Adjacent bones move apart increasing angle between them. Return of body parts to anatomical position.
Flexion Adjacent bones move together, thereby decreasing angle between them.
Hyperextension Extension movement continued beyond anotomical position.
Hyperflexion Flexion movement continued beyond normal range of motion.
Abduction Arms or legs move away from midline of body.
Adduction Arms and legs move towards midline of body.
Horizontal abduction Movement of humerus in the transverse plane away from the midline.
Horizontal Adduction Movement of the humerus in the transverse plane toward the midline.
Rotation Body part moves on its own axis.
Circumduction Body part moves in a full circular path. Combines Flexion, Adduction, extension, and Adduction in sequential order.
Lateral Flexion Head or torso bends to the side. (laterally)
Retraction Medial movement on a plane parellel to ground. (Adduction of scapula)
Protraction Lateral movement on a plane parellel to ground. (abduction of scapula)
Elevation Moving to a superior position. I.e. shrugging shoulders
Depression Moving to an inferior position (scapula) I.e. dropping the shoulder
Dorsiflexion Top of foot moves towards the shin.
Plantar Flexion Top of foot moves away from shin.
Eversion Sole of foot faces outward.
Inversion Sole of foot faces inward.
Supination External rotation of forearm, causing palm to face anteriorly.
Pronation Internal rotation of the forearm causing palm to face posteriorly.
Created by: Apozzi