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Ch 12 voc. review 2

Diseases of bones and cartilage

QuestionAnswer
a- away from; without
vascul/o- blood vessel
necr/o- dead cells, tissue or body
-osis condition; usually abnormal
oste/o- bone
-oma tumor; mass
sarc/o- connective tissue
gen/o- arising from; produced by
chondr/o- cartilage
malac/o- -malacia softening
fract/o- break up
-ure system; result of
path/o- -pathy disease; suffering
log/o- word; the study of
mal- bad; inadequate
align/o- straight line
-ment action; state
fracture in which the bone does not break through the overlying skin closed fracture
fracture in which the bone breaks through the overlying skin open fracture
open fracture is also known as ... compound fracture
broken bone ends remain in their normal anatomical alignment nondisplaced fracture
broken bone ends are pulled out of their normal anatomical alignment displaced fracture
distal radius is broken by falling onto an outstretched hand Colle's fracture
bone is crushed into several pieces comminuted fracture
communit/o- break into small pieces
vertebrae are compressed together when a person falls onto the buttocks or when a vertebra collapses in on itself because of disease compression fracture
cranium is fractured inward toward the brain depressed fracture
depress/o- press down
bone is broken on only one side. this occurs in children because part of bone is still flexible cartilage greenstick fracture
very thin fracture line with the bone pieces still together. it is difficult to detect except on an x-ray hairline fracture
bone is broken on a oblique angle oblique fracture
bone is broken in a spiral because of a twisting force spiral fracture
spir/o- breathe, a coil
bone is broken in a transverse plane perpendicular to its long axis transverse fracture
trans- across; through
-verse to travel; to turn
myel/o- bone marrow; spinal cord; myelin
por/o- small openings; pores
de- reversal of; without
-ization process of making, creating, or inserting
Created by: ricrom81