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Study Guide Ch 20

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 20 Nuclear Medicine

1) What is the medical speciality that studies the characteristics and uses of radioactive substances in diagnosis of disease? Nuclear Medicine
2) What does a radiologist do? Specializes diagnostic techniques such as ultrasound, MRI, and CT scans
3) Which of the following is true of a radiopaque substance? Absorbs most of the x-rays it is exposed to.
4) Which best describes a barium enema? metallic powder is introduced to the large intestine and x-rays are taken.
5) X-Ray of the renal pelvis and urinary tract after injecting dye into a vein? IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram)
6) X-Ray of the spinal cord Myelogram
7) Arthrogram (is an..?) An x-ray of a joint
8) Tomography describes an x-ray to show an organ in depth
9) What best characterizes a CT scan? uses ionizing x-rays and a computer to produce a transverse image of the body organs
10) What best characterizes an MRI? sagittal, frontal, and cross-sectional images are produced using magnetic and radio waves
11) in which x-ray view is the patient upright with the back to the x-ray machineand the film to the chest? PA view
12) What is the meaning of adduction Moving the part of the body towards the midline of the body
13) What is a substance that gives off high-energy particles or rays? Radioisotope
14) In which test is a radiopharmaceutical injected intravenously and traced within the vessels of the lung? Perfusion study of the lung
15) What is an "in vivo" test? Experiments are performed in a LIVING organism (in vivo = in living)
16) What can liver and spleen scans detect? Cirrhosis and splenomegaly due to abscess or tumor
17) Interventional radiologists perform all of the following except? ..except.. Administration of radiation therapy.
18) What is Thallium 201? radionuclide
19) In which procedure is a transducer used? Ultrasound
20) PACS is a ? system to replace traditional films with digital equivalents
21) FDG is a? Radiopharmaceutical used ina PET scan
22) DICOM is a? Protocol for transmission between imaging devices
23) SPECT is a? technique using a radioactive substance and ac ompuer to create three-dimensional images
24) Radiopaque substances are given and x-rays are taken? contrast studies
25) use of motion picture techniques torecord x-ray images? cineradiography
26) Series of x-rays taken at different depths of an organ tomography
27) echoes of high-frequency sound waves are used to diagnose disease ultrasonography
28) x-ray beams are focused from the body onto a image intensifier that glows as a result of the ionizing effect of x-rays fluroscopy
29) A magnetic field and radio waves are used to form images of the body magnetic resonance imaging MRI
30) x-ray pictures are taken circularly around an area of the body and a computer synthesizes the information into a composite axial picture Computed Tomography
31) Therapeutic procedures are performed by a radiologist under the guidance of fluroscopy or ultrasound interventional radiology
32) Diagnostic Test on JOINTS arthrography
33) Diagnostic Test on SPINAL CORD myelography
34) Diagnostic Test on UTERUS AND FALLOPIAN TUBES hysterosalpingography
35) Diagnostic Test on BLOOD VESSELS angiography
36) Diagnostic Test on ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL INTESTINE Upper GI series
37) Diagnostic Test on LOWER GI TRACT barium enema
38) Diagnostic Test on RENAL PELVIS of kidney and urinary tract intravenous pyelograph
39) Diagnostic Test on BILE VESSELS (ducts) cholangiography
Created by: penguin
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