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Study Stack Ch 18

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 18 Endocrine System

35) Develops and maintains female sex characteristics Estradiol
34) Helps transport glucose to cells and decreases blood sugar Insulin
33) Increases blood sugar Cortisol
32) Stimulates secretion of hormons from adrenal cortex ACTH
31) Increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules aldosterone
30) Raises blood clacium parathyroid hormone
29) increases metabolism in body cells thyroxine
28) stimulates water reabsorption by kidney tubules; decreases urine ADH
27) Promotes growth and maintainence of male sex characteristics testosterone
26) Sympathomimetic; elevates heart rate, blood pressure epinephrine
25) Administration of a radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules Thyroid Scan (which is a description of a thyroid scan)
24) Defective cartliage formation that affects bone growth Achondroplasia (which is a description of achondroplasia)
23) secondary complications of diabetes mellitus neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy are associated with diabetes mellitus
22) Characteristic of type 1 diabetes mellitus (insulin production) Little or no insulin is produced
21) Natr/o is the combining form of what substance? SODIUM
20) Tetany is? constant muscle contraction
19) Exophthalmos is a symptom of which endocrine disorder? Graves Disease
18) Enlargement of the thyroid gland Goiter
17) Thyrotoxicosis; hyper secretion of the thyroid gland Graves Disease
16) Post-puberty hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland Acromegaly (post puberty)
15) Advanced hypothroidism in adulthood Myxedema
14) A group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex Cushing Syndrome
13) Insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis Diabetes Mellitus
12) Kali/ is the combining form for which substance? Potassium (K)
11) Excessive deelopment of mammary tissue in a male Gynecomastia
10) Secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland Gonadotropins (description of)
9) hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex? Estrogen
8) Element that is present in thyroxine IODINE
7) An example of an electrolyte Sodium (also Potassium and Chloride)
6) which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones? Cortisone
5) Which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and bones? Parathyroid hormone
4) Which hormone is secreted by the pancreas? INSULIN
3) Which gland secretes cortisol? Adrenal cortex
2) Another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland Adenohypophysis
1) which gland secretes thyroxine? Thyroid gland
Created by: penguin