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Ch1 Drjolley

Chapter one

What is Anatomy Study of the structure of the body
What is Physiology Study of body functions
What is Pathophysiology Study of disorders of functions
Levels of organization Simple, basic to complex
what are chemicals atoms and compounds
Smallest non living unit Chemical
2 types? organic and inorganic
what does organic contain? Carbon and H12
what does inorganic contain? Everything else
smallest living unit? cells
What are tissues? group of cells with similar structure and function
what does epithelial tissue do? covers or lines body surfaces
what types are there of tissue? squamous, cuboidal, stratified, simple
Connective tissue does what? Connect and support parts of the body
Contraction for motility, glad secretion Muscle tissue
generate and transmit electrochemical impulses Nerve tissue
group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function Organs
group of organs that work to perform a function organ system
organ system had what systems in it? urinary , digestive, respiratory system
all body functions contributing to a living being organism
Chemical reaction and physical processes that take place in the body Metabolism
speed at which the body produces energy and heat metabolic rate
remaining mostly stable in a unstable environment Homeostasis
Negative feedback reversal of a function
positive feedback enhancement of a function
example of positive feedback child birth
anatomic position standing arms at sides with palms forward
axillary armpit
brachial upper arm
buccal cheek
oral mouth
cardiac heart
cervical neck
cranial head
cutaneous skin
deltoid shoulder
femoral thigh
frontal forehead
gastric stomach
gluteal buttocks
hepatic liver
iliac ilium
inguinal inguinal
lumbar small of back
mammary breast
nasal nose
occipital back of head
orbital eye
parietal crown of head
patellar knee cap
pectoral chest
perineal pelvic floor
plantar sole of foot
popliteal back of knee
pulmonary lungs
renal kidney
sacral base of spine
temporal side of head
umbilical naval
volar palm
superior above, higher
inferior below, lower
anterior toward the floor
posterior toward the back
ventral toward the front
dorsal toward the back
medial toward the midline
lateral away from the midline
internal within
external outside
superficial toward the surface
deep within
central the main part
peripheral extending from the main part
proximal closer to the origin
distal farther from the origin
parietal pertaining to the wall of a cavity
visceral pertaining to the organs within a cavity
2 major body cavities Dorsal and Ventral
cranial and spinal cavities dorsal
cranial cavity skull
spinal caivity spinal column
ventral cavity abdominal, thoracic, pelvic cavities
separated by diaphragm Ventral cavity
thoracic cavity heart, lungs
pleural membranes serous membranes of the thoracic cavity
pleura lines chest wall
visceral pleura covers lungs
parietal pericardium lines pericardical sac
viusceral pericardium covers the heart
abdominal cavity liver stomach intestines
pelvic cavity below the pelvic rim
sections cut of a body part
plane imaginary flat
frontal sections front and back
sagittal section right and left
transverse section upper and lower
cross section perpendicular to the long axis of a structure
longitudinal section plane along the long axis of a structure
quadrants 4 sections divided by 2 imaginary lines, one vertical, and one horizontal
technical names for quadrants RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
Nine regions 2 horizontal and 2 vertical lines
upper areas above the rib cage
middle areas right and left lumbar and umbilical
lower areas right and left iliac and hypogastric
Created by: Brandypeters



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