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Study Guide Ch 11

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Chpt 11 Cardiovascular System

A blood vessel that carries oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs Pulmonary artery (this is the only artery that carries deoxygenated blood)
Contraction phase of the heartbeat systole
Valve which is located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart mitral valve (aka: bicuspid)
sac-like membrane surrounding the heart pericardium
sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat Sinoatrial Node (SA node)
Blood vessels branching from the aorta to carry oxygen-rich blood *to the heart muscle* coronary arteries
disease of heart muscle cardiomyopathy
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
instrument to measure blood pressure sphygmomanometer (say: sphygmo - man - ometer)
local widening of an artery aneurysm
cyanosis (is characterized by) bluish coloration of the skin (cyan means blue)
All of these (listed) are characteristic of ________? 1. Blood is "held back" from an area. 2. Can lead to myocardial infarction 3. Can be caused by thrombotic occulusion of a blood vessel. 4. May be the result of coronary artery disease. ischemia
Angina is... ? chest pain (relieved with nitroglycerin)
Cardiac arrhythmia (is called?) fibrilliation
petechiae small, pinpoint hemorrhages
click-murmur syndrome (is found with?) mitral valve prolapse (a valvular heart disorder in which one or both mitral valve flaps close incompletely during systole usually producing either a click or murmur)
four separate congenital heart defects tetraology of Fallot (can you name them?)
"patent" means...? open
the cause of essential hypertension is idiopathic (essential/idopathic = unknown origin)
"Digitalis" (is a type of ___ used to ___?) Drug, used to strengthen the heartbeat.
CK, LD, and AST (SGOT) are all _______ _______? serum enzymes
describe an ECHO test high frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest
incision of a vein (although, it's actually a puncture) phlebotomy (phleb/o = vein, -tomy = incision) A phlebotomy is the letting of blood for transfusion, apheresis, diagnostic testing, or experimental procedures
(procedure to) remove plaque from an artery endarterectomy (surgical removal of the inner layer of an artery when thickened and atheromatous or occluded (as by intimal plaques)
A Holter monitor is An EKG taken during daily activity
smallest blood vessel capillary
largest ARTERY in the body Aorta
lower chambers of the heart ventricle(s)
Valve between the RIGHT atrium and RIGHT ventricle Tricuspid valve
Carries blood FROM the lungs TO the heart Pulmonary vein - the only vein which carries oxygenated blood.
Brings blood TO the heart from UPPER parts of the body SUPERIOR Vena Cava
upper chamber of the heart atrium (atria)
Valve between the LEFT atrium and ventricle (is the?) Mitral Valve (bicuspid)
carries blood TO the lungs FROM the heart Pulmonary Artery (the only artery which carries deoxygenated blood)
small artery arteriole
rapid but *regular* atrial or ventricular contractions flutter
(the condition of) improper closure of the valve between the left atrium and ventricle during systole (is called a?) mitral valve prolapse
(disease) blockage of the arteries surrounding the heart - leading to ischemia CAD - Coronary Artery Disease
high blood pressure affecting the heart hypertensive heart disease
congenital narrowing of large artery leading from the heart coarctation of the Aorta
rapid, random, ineffectual, and irregular contractions of the heart Fibrillation
inability of the heart to pump its required amount of blood congestive heart failure
congenital malformation involving four separate heart defects Tetralogy of Fallot
(the act of) listening with a stethoscope (is called?) auscultation (steth/o = chest)
lesions that form on heart valves after damage by infection vegetations
petechiae small, pinpoint hemorrhages
high blood pressure DUE TO kidney disease secondary hypertension ( cause is known)
high blood pressure with *idiopathic* etiology (is known as?) essential hypertension (idiopathic means the cause is not known)
local widening of an artery (is called an?) aneurysm
pain, tension, and weakness in a limb after walking has begun claudication
clots that travel to and suddenly block a vessel emboli (embolism)
Describe Tetralogy of Fallot (not on study guide) 1. Pulmonary Artery Stenosis ----- 2. Ventricular septal defect ----- 3. Shift of the aorta to the right ----- 4. Hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
Created by: penguin