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Study Guide Ch 3

Chabner, Language of Medicine 8th Edition, Ch 3 Suffixes

amniocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo
inflammation of lymph tissue in the throat tonsillitis
-ptosis prolapse, sag, droop
ischemia blood is held back from an area
necr/o death
acromegaly abnormal enlargement of extremities after puberty due to pituitary gland problem (think of MEG Ryan's giant collagen enhanced lips)
pain in the ear otalgia (-algia = pain, ot/o = ear)
chronic continuing over a long period of time
small artery is a(an)...? arteriole
instrument to visually examine -scope
hernia of the urinary bladder cystocele (-cele = hernia, cyst/o = urinary bladder)
tumor of bone marrow (cancerous) malignant myeloma (-oma = tumor, myel/o = bone marrow, spinal cord) - context indicates which usage of root
x-ray record of spinal cord myelogram (-gram = record, myel/o = spinal cord, bone marrow) - context indicates which usage of root
berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria -cocci
neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocyte
instrument to record -graph
resembling -oid (a jeep is a hummeroid)
an eosinophil is a(an) leukocyte (eosinophil, basophil, neutrophil are all leukocytes)
removal of the voice box laryngectomy (-ectomy = removal, excision, resection) (laryng/o = voice box)
angioplasty means surgical repair of a blood vessel (-plasty = surgical repair, angi/o = vessel)
a blood cell that produces antibodies lymphocyte (-cyte = cell, lymph/o = lymph)
opposite of -malacia is? (malacia = softening) -sclerosis (hardening)
excessive development hypertrophy (-trophy = development, hyper- = excessive, more than normal)
treatment -therapy
surgical creation of a permanent opening to the outside of the body -stomy
erythrocyte a RED blood cell
thrombocyte a CLOTTING cell
monocyte a mononuclear leukocyte that IS A phagocyte (engulfs, digests) soldiers.
eosinophil a leukocyte whose granules TURN RED with STAIN and whose NUMBERS ARE ELEVATED in allergic reactions
neutrophil POLYmorphonuclear, a granulocytic white blood cell that destroys cells by engulfing and digesting them.
lymphocyte a MONOnuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by MAKING ANTIBODIES (T&B cells, attach directly to the foreign cells)
Created by: penguin