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CH 12 voc. review

Bone Structure and Bone Growth

QuestionAnswer
spongy bone in the epiphyses of long bones. its spaces are filled with red bone marrow that makes blood cells. it is also found in the skull, clavicles, sternum, ribs, vertebrae, and hip bones cancellous bone
dense, compact, weightbearing bone along the diaphysis or shaft of a long bone cortical bone
the straight shaft of a long bone diaphysis
one of the two widened ends of a long bone. it contains the "epiphysial plate" where bone growth takes place epiphysis
cavity within the shaft (diaphysis) of a long bone. it contains yellow bone marrow (fatty tissue) medullary cavity
process by which cartilage is changed into bone from infancy through adolescence ossification
bone cell that forms new bone or rebuilds bone osteoblast
bone cell that breaks down old or damaged areas of bone osteoclast
bone cell that maintains and monitors the mineral content ( Ca, Ph) of bone osteocyte
thick, fibrous membrane that covers the outer surface of a bone periosteum
Created by: ricrom81