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phm 316 ch 11

QuestionAnswer
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal gland
adrenal/o adrenal gland
andr/o male
crin/o to secrete
dips/o thirst
gluc/o sugar
glucos/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
glycos/o sugar
hormon/o hormone (urging on)
ket/o ketone bodies
keton/o ketone bodies
pancreat/o pancreas
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
adrenal glands located next to each kidney, the adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones and the adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine aka suprarenal glands
suprarenal glands located next to each kidney, the adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones and the adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine aka adrenal glands
steroid hormones regulate carbohydrate metabolism and salt and water balance; some effect on sexual characteristics. glucocorticoids, mineral corticoids, androgens
epinephrine and norepinephrine affect sympathetic nervous system in stress response
ovaries located one on each side of the uterus in the female pelvis, functioning to secrete estrogen and progesterone
exophthalmos protrusion of one or both eyeballs, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball
exophthalmus protrusion of one or both eyeballs, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball
glucosuria glucose in the urine
glycosuria glucose in the urine
hirsutism shaggy; an excessive growth of hair especially in unusual places (ex woman with a beard)
hypercalcemia an abnormally high level of calcium in the blood
hypocalcemia an abnormally low level of calcium in the blood
hyperglycemia high blood sugar
hypoglycemia low blood sugar
hyperkalemia an abnormally high level of potassium in the blood
hypokalemia deficient level of potassium in the blood
hypernatremia excessive level of sodium ions in the blood
hyponatremia low level of sodium ions in the blood
hypersecretion abnormally increased secretion
hyposecretion decreased secretion
ketosis, ketoacidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) presence of an abnormal amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine indicating an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates as seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation (acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid and acetoacetic acid)
metabolism all chemical processes in the body that result in growth, generation of energy, elimination of waste, and other body functions
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyuria excessive urination
estrogen and progesterone responsible for the development of female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of reproduction
pancreas(islets of langerhans) located behind the stomach in front of the first and second lumbar vertebrae. Secrete insulin and glucagon to regulate carbohydrate/sugar metabolism
parathyroid glands located on the posterior aspect of the thyroid gland in the neck. secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH) to regulate calcium and phosphate metabolism
pineal gland located in the center of the brain. secrete melatonin and serotonin. melatonin affects onset of puberty and exact function is unknown, serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is a precursor to melatonin
pituitary gland located at the base of the brain.
anterior pituitary secretes TSH, ACTH. FSH, LH, MSH, GH, and prolactin
posterior pituitary releases ADH and oxytocin
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulate secretion from thyroid gland
adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH stimulates secretion from the adrenal cortex
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) initiates growth or ovarian follicle; stimulates secretion of estrogen in females and sperm production in males
luteinizing hormone (LH) causes ovulation; stimulates secretion of progesterone by corpus luteum; causes secretion of testosterone in the testes
melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) affects skin pigmentation
growth hormone (GH) influences growth
prolactin (lactogenic hormone) stimulates breast development and milk production during pregnancy
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) influences the absorption of water by the kidney tubules
oxytocin influences uterine contraction
testes located one on each side within the scrotum in the male. secretes testosterone to affect masculinization and reproduction
thymus gland located in the mediastinal cavity anterior to and above the heart. secretes thymosin to regulate the immune response
thyroid gland located in front of the neck, sectetes triiodothyronine(t3) thyroxine (t4) (t3 and t4 regulate metabolsim) and calcitonin (regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism)
Created by: HugsAndKisses