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Ch 17AR

Female Reproductive System

adexa tissues of structures in the body that are next to or near another
areola circular area surrounding the nipple
cervix neck of the uterus
climacteric cessation of menstruation; menopause
clitoris vaginal erectil tissue
coitus sexual intercourse or copulation
corpus luteum yellowish mass that forms within the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation; high levels of progesterone and some estrogen; functions as temporary endocrine gland
diaphragm a form of contraception
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
estrogen female hormones that promotes the development of the female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tubes tubes opening at one end into the uterus and at the other end into the peritoneal cavity
fertilization union of a male sperm and female ovum
fimbriae fringelike end of the fallopian tube
fourchette tense band of mucous membranes at the posterior rim of the vaginal opening
fundus dome-shaped central, upper portion of the uterus
gamete mature sperm or ovum
gonads gamete-producing gland, such as an ovary or a testis
gynecology branch of medicine that deals with the study of diseasesand disorders of the female reproductive system
hymen thin layer of elastic, connective tissue membrane that forms a border around the outer opening of the vagina
labia majora two folds of skin containing fatty tissue and covered with hair that lie on either side of the vaginal opening
labia minora located within the folds of the labia majora
mammary glands female breasts
mastectomy surgical removal of the breast
mastitis inflammation of the breast
menarche first menstrual period
menopause permanent cessation (stopping) of the menstrual cycles
menstruation periodic shedding of the lining of the nonpregnant uterus
myometrium muscular layer in the uterus
ovary female gonads responsible for producing mature ova
ovulation release of the mature ovum
ovum female reproductive cell
perineum area between the vaginal orifice and the anus
pregnancy period of intrauterine development of the fetus from conception through birth; gestational period
premenstrual syndrome group of symptoms; occurring shortly before the onset of menstruation; PMS
progesterone female hormones secreted by the corpus luteum and the placenta; primarily responsible for the changes that occur in the endometrium in anticipation of a fertilized ovum
puberty period of life at which the ability to reproduce begins
sperm mature male germ cell; spermatozoon
uterus hollow, pear-shaped organ of the female reproductive system that houses the fertilized, implanted ovum as it develops throughout pregnancy
vagina muscular tube that connects the uterus with the vulva; approximately 3 inches long
vulva external genitalia; pudendum
amenorrhea absence of menstrual flox
dysmenorrhea painful menstrual flow
menorrhagia abnormally long or very heavy menstrual periods
metrorrhagia uterine bleeding at times other than the menstrual period
oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent menstruation
abstinence means to abstain from having vaginal intercourse
oral contraceptives birth control pills
Depo-Provera injection contraception administered intramuscularly; once every 12 weeks
tubal ligation surgically cutting and tying the fallopian tubes to prevent passage of ova or sperm through the tubes preventing pregnancy
vasectomy male sterilization
cervicitis acute or chronic inflammation of the uterine cervix
cystocele herniation or downward protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina
endometrial carcinoma malignant tumor of the inner lining of the uterus; also known as adenocarinoma of the uterus
endometriosis presence and growth of the endometrial tissue in areas outside the endometrium (lining of uterus)
fibrocystic breast disease fluid-filled cysts that are palpable in the breasts
fibroid tumor benign, fibrous tumor of the uterus
ovarian carcinoma malignant tumor of the ovaries
ovarian cysts benign, globular sacs (cysts) that form on or near the ovaries
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) infection of the fallopian tubes; salpingitis
stress incontinence, urinary inability to hold urine
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina and the vulva
aspiration biopsy invasive procedure in which a needle is inserted into an area of the body, to withdraw a tissue or fluid sample for microscopic examination and diagnosis
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope
cone biopsy removal of a cone-shaped segment of the cervix for diagnosis or treatment; conization
cryosurgery destruction of tissue by rapid freezing
culdocentesis surgical puncture through the posterior wall of the vagina into the cul-de-sac; withdraw intraperitoneal fluid for examination
dilation and curettage (D&C) dilation or widening of the cervical canal with a dilator, followed by scraping of the uterine lining with a curet
endometrial biopsy invasive test for obtaining a sample of endometrial tissue (with a small curet) for examination
laparoscopy viewing the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope
mammography process of examining with x-ray the soft tissue of the breast
Papanicolaou (Pap) smear diagnostic test for cervical cancer; cells scraped from within the cervix
Liquid-based Pap (LBP) collecting a tissue sample from the endocervix and the exocervix with a sampling device that is placed directly into a liquid fixative instead of being spread onto a glass slide
pelvic ultrasound noninvasive procedure; examine the abdomen and pelvis
Created by: maxphia32



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