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Phleb Tech Spec3

From Phlebotomy Technician Specialist Text 3

diastole the normal "rest period" in the heart cycle, during which the myo fibers lengthen, the heart dialates and the cavities fill with blood
differential the number and type of cells determined by microscopic examination of a thin layer of blood on a glass slide
distal the farthest point of origin of a structure, opposit of proximal
distress physical or mental pain or suffering. A term used to describe abnormal, unhealthy, or extreme stress
donor unit a specific amount of blood, approx. 1 pint, supplied by a volunteer as part of a blood-banking procedure.
dorsal cavity the posterior cavity of the body which houses the brain and spinal column
duodenum the first part of the small intestine, beginning at the pylorus
duty of care: the responsibility not to infringe on another's rights oby either intentionally or carelessly causing him or her harm.
efferent carrying away from a central organ or secion, as efferent nerves
elasticity the quality of returning to original size and shape after compression or stretching
electrocardiogram record of the electrical activity of the heart
electrodes small, specially prepared tabs with conductive gel placed in direct contact with skin to detect elec. current from within the heart
electrolytes substances that conduct elec. when dissolved in water. Acids, bases, and salts are common electrolytes, incld. potassium, sodium and chlorine found in blood, tissue fluids and cells
empathy objective awareness of and insight into the feelings, emotins and behavior of another person
endocardium membrane lining the interior of the heart
endocrine gland gland which secretes into the blood or tissue fluid instead of into a duct
enviornmental protection agency (EPA) the federal agency that regulates and monitors the inventory, storage, usage, techniques, and disposal of harmful substances to the envioronment
eosinophil white blood cells whose granules stain a bright orange-red with eosin or other acid dyes. they increase in an allergic response
epicardium external layer of the heart and part of pericardial sac
epidermis outermost layer of skin
epiglottis a mature red blood cell
ethics system of principles govern. medical conduct. Deals with the relationship of the health care professional to the patient, the patient's family, associates and society at large.
eustress term used to describe normal, healthy, or manageable stress
excitablity the ability to respond to stimuli
exocrine gland gland that secretes into a duct
explanaiton of benefits expl. of services periodically issued to recipients or providers on whose behalf claims have been pain
extensibility the ability to increase the angle between 2 bones
exudation pathologic oozing of fluids, usually result of inflammation
false imprisonment intentional and unjustifiable act of preventing someone from moving about.
fasting blood sugar patient is required to restrict dietary intake for 12 hours prior to collec. of a specimen for testing for glucose levels in the blood
febrile feverish; pertaining to a fever. Abnormal elevation of temp.
felony crime more serious than misdemeanor, punishable by a sentence of more than 2 year in prison or death
fimbria the longest fringe-like extremity of a fallopian tube extending from the uterine tube to almost the ovary
fomits objects, such as clothing, towels and utensils that possibly harbor a disease agent and are capable of transmitting it.
fraud intentional misrepresentation. Deliberate deception intended to produce unlawful gain.
frontal plane plane parallel to the long axis of the body. Splits the body in half, front to back. Divides the body into anterior and posterior.
galvanometer instrument that measures electric current by electromagnetic action. Early ECG machine.
garmete mature male or female reproductive cell; the spermatozoon or ovum
gatekeeper primary care physician responsible for advising and coord. patient's health care needs
glomerulus part of the nephron; a tuft of capillaries situated within Bowman's capsule
glucose tolerance test (GTT) test involving multiple collections of blood and urine over time to evaluate the metabolism of glucose. It is performed by giving the patient a measured amount of glucose either orally or intravenously
glucosuria sugar (glucose) in the urine
granulocty white blood cell having granules in its cytoplasm
hard copy printed paper copy of a computer generated report
hardware equipment used to process data (ie: keyboard, disk drive, monitor and printer)
health maintenance organization (HMO) type of program in which enrollees receive benefits for services from authorized and preselected providers, usually a primary care Dr. Generalloy do not receive coverage by services, except for emergen. by providers not in the HMO network.
hematocrit percentage by volume of red blood cells in whole blood
hematoma swelling or mass of blood (usually clotted), confined to an organ, tissue, or space that is cused by a break in a blood vessel
hematuria blood in the urine
hemochromatosis genetic disease marked by excessive absorption and accumulation of ron in the body
hemoconcentration relative increase in the number of red blood cells resulting from a decrease in the volume of plasma
hemoglobin iron containing protein pigment of the red blood cells, which carries O2 from lungs to the tissues
hemoglobinuria presence in urine ofhemoglobin free from red blood cells
hemolysis destruction of membrane of red blood cells and the liberaration of hemoglobin, which diffuses into the surrounding fluid
hemophiliac person afflicted with a heriditary blood disease marked by greatly prolonged blood coagulation time, with consequent failure of the blood to clot and abnormal bleeding, sometimes accompanied by joint swelling
hemopoiesis production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow
hepatitis B (HBV) blood-borne pathogen that causes a severe acute infection and may progress to chronic infection and permanent liver damage. Caused by the hapatitis B virus, an enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) "good" cholesterol
homeostasis state of dynamic equilibirum of the internal enviornment of the body
hormone chemical secretion, usually fom an endocrine gland (e.g. insulin from the pancreas)
human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) hormone produced by the placenta that appears in both urine and serum, beginning approx. 10 days after conception, the presence of which is an indication of pregnancy
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) retro-virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
hyperglycemic pertaining to the condition in which the blood sugar (glucose) is increased, as in diabetes mellitus
hyperkalemia an excessive amt. of potassium in the blood
hypertension condition in which the patient has a highter than normal blood pressure. for adults, this usually means a BP > 140/90
> less than
< greater than
hypoglycemic pertaining to a condition in which the blood sugar (glucose) is abnormally low, as in hyperinsulinism
hypokalemia extreme potassium depletion in the blood
hypotention decrease of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure values which are significantly lower than normal
hypothermia state in which an individual's body temp is reduced below the normal range of <96.0
ileum lower part of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the large intestine
infection prescence and growth of a microorganism that produces tissue damage
inferior beneath, lower, referring to the underside of an organ or indicating a structure below another
informed consent agreement by the patient to a medical procedure or tx after receiving adequate info about the procedure or tx, risks and/or consequences
inpatient patent who is hospitalized overnight
insured individual or organization covered for protection and loss under the specific terms of an insurance policy
integrity to adhere to a strict ethical code. to be in an undiminished or unimpaired state.
intentional infliction of emotional distress willful infliction of emotions or actions causing the patient to suffer duress
interstitial fluid fluid between the tissue; surround a cell
intervals wave in addition to a connecting straight line
intradermal within the substance of the skin
invasion of privacy a tort involv. one or more of the follow. 4 catagories: illegal appropriation of another's name for commercial use, intrusion into a person's privacy, placing a person in false light, or disclosure of private facts.
invasive procedure requires penetrating intact skin or mucous membranes
ischemia inadequate flow of blood to the heart, leading to angina pectoris and, if untx to myocardial infarction
jejunum secion of the small intestine between the duodeunum and ileum
ketonuria formation or excretion of ketones in the urine
kinesics systemic study of the body and the use of its static and dynamic position as a means of communication
lancet a sterile, disposable sharp-pointed instrument used to pierce the skin to obtain droplets of blood used for testing.
lateral toward the side
leukocyte white blood cell or corpuscle (WBC)
libel written statement falsifying facts about someone that causes harm to that persons reputation
low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) "Bad" cholesterol
lumen passageway or opening to a tubular structure such as a blood vessel, phlebotomy or hypodermic needle
lymph watery fluid in the lymphatic vessels
lymphocyte type of white blood cell; makes up less than 1% of the circulating blood cells
malpractice misconduct or unprofessional tx by someon in a prof. or official position
market value what a product (you) is worth to the consumer (employer); characteristics and skills that are valuable in the employment market
mastication process of chewing
Created by: wildmindgirl