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Rutgers Univ. Neuro. Kenis. Exam 1

Synarthrodial Joints Immovable joints, features Gomphosis and Sutures
Gomphosis Joints Joints between teeth and jaw
Suture Joints Found between the bones of the skull
Amphiarthrodial Joints Slightly Movable, features syndemosis, symphysis and synchondrosis
Syndesmosis Joints Strong Ligament connection, coracoclavcular joint
Symphysis Joint Joint separated by cartilaginous disk, vertebral joints
Synchondrosis Joint Seperated by hyaline cartilage, costochondral joint
Diarthrodial Joint Freely Movable joints, 6 types
Ginglymus Joint 1 Axis: Allows flexion and Extension, Hinge Joint. Elbow Joint
Trochoid Joint 1 Axis: Allows internal and external rotation, Pivot Joint. Radioulnar Joints (distal and proximal)
Condyloid Joint 2 Axes: Flexion/Extension and Abduction/Adduction, ball and Socket. 2nd through 5th metacarpal joints
Arthrodial Joint 3 Axes: Gliding Joint, Transverse Tarsal Joint
Enarthrodial Joint 3 Axes: Spheroidal, Ball in Socket, Glenohumeral Joint
Sellar Joint 3 Axes: most movement in the body, saddle joint. Found only in the 1rst carpometacarpal joint
Accessory Motions (1)Spin (2)Roll (3)Glide
Dorsal Flexion Flexion movement of the ankle that results in the top of the foot moving towards the body in the sagittal plane
Plantar Flexion Extension movement of the ankle that results in the top of the foot moving away from the body in the sagittal plane
Axis for the Sagittal plane Lateral Axis
Plane for the Lateral Axis Sagittal plane
Axis for the Frontal Plane Anteroposterior Axis
Plane for the Anteroposterior Axis Frontal plane
Axis for the Transverse Plane Vertical Axis
Plane for the Vertical Axis Transverse Plane
Skeletal Functions Protection of vital organs, for support to maintain posture, for use as levers for movement, for calcium and mineral storage, for blood production
Types of bones Long bones, short bones, flat bones, irregular bones, sesamoid bones
Biomechanics the study of structure and function of biological systems by means of the methods of mechanics
Kenisiology the study of human movement, addressing physiological, mechanical mechanisms
Aggregate Muscle Action refers to the muscles of the body working in conjunction with one another and in groups rather than independently to achieve a given joint action
Direct Tendon attachment interface to the bone is perpendicular
Indirect Tendon attachment interface to the bone is at an angle
4 Properties of Muscle Tissue Irritability, Contractability, extensibility, elasticity
Structural kenisiology Study of muscles as they are involved in the science of movement. Both skeletal and muscular structure are involved.
Newtons laws Law of Inertia, Law of Acceleration, Law of Reaction
Statics The study of a system with no forces acting on it
Dynamics the study of a system with force acting on it
1rst Class Lever Seesaw, Atlas and Axis
2nd Class Lever Wheelbarrel, plantar flexion
3rd Class Levers The majority in the body, Brachialis



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