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HHS Digestive System

Medical Word Elements & Abbreviations

bilirubin yellowish breakdown product of red blood cells
bolus Mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
sphincter Circular band of muscles that secretes is products through excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or tissue or into a vessel
or/o; stomat/o mouth
gloss/o;lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o; labi/o lip
dent/o; odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gum(s)
sial/o saliva
esophag/o esophagus
pharyng/o pharynx
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
duoden/o duodenum(first part of small intestine)
enter/o intestine(usually small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum(second part of small intestine)
ile/o ileum(third part of small intestine)
append/o; appendic/o appendix
col/o; colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus, rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
cholangi/o bile vessel
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
-emesis vomit
-iasis abnormal condition
-megaly enlargement
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing, eating
-prandial meal
-rrhea discharge, flow
dia- thorugh, across
peri- around
sub- under, below
BM bowel movement
CT computed tomography
HDV hepatitis D virus
HEV hepatitis E virus
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFT liver function test
STAT immediately
R/O rule out
a.c. before meals
b.i.d. twice a day
hs half strength
h.s. at bedtime
NPO; n.p.o. nothing by mouth
pc, p.c. after meals
p.o. by mouth
p.r.n. as required
qAM every morning
q.d. every day
q.h. every hour
q.2h. every two hours
q.i.d. four times a day
q.o.d. every other day
qPM every evening
t.i.d. three times a day