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Root Words

Medical Terminology: Common Root Words

Root WordMeaning
abdomin abdomen
alveoli lung (air sac in the lung)
arthr joint
bronch bronchial tube
cardi heart
colon colon
chem drug, chemical
cholecyst gallbladder
cephal head
cerebell cerebellum
chondr cartilage
colp vagina
dermat skin
derm skin
erythr red
enter intestines
encephal brain
epitheli skin
gastr stomach
hepat liver
lapar abdomen
laryng larynx, voice box
lymphaden lymph node
lymphangi lymph vessel
mamm breast
myos muscle
mast breat
muscul muscle
nas nose
neur nerve
nephr kidney
ocul eye
ot ear
ophthalm eye
oste bone
orchid testicle
pancreat pancreas
path disease
pelv hip bone
psych mind
prostat prostate gland
phleb vein
pneum air, lung
pulmon lung
proct anus, rectum
pneumon lung
pharyng pharynx, throat
radi xray
rect rectum
rhin nose
spondyl vertebra, spine
splen spleen
septic infection
thorac chest
thromb clost
thyr thryroid
ureter ureter
ur urine
urethra urethra
vascul blood vessel
ven vein
Created by: kate8686