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Chap 15AR

Urinary System

QuestionAnswer
antiseptic substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction of micro-organisms
arteriole smallest branch of an artery
Bowman's capsule cup-shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus
cortex outer layer of a body organ or structure
cytoscope instrument used to view the interior of the bladder
dialysate solution that contains water and electrolytes; passes through the artificial kidney to remove excess fluids and wastes from the blood; also called "bath"
dialysis process of removing waste products from the blood
dwell time length of time the dialysis solution stays in the peritoneal cavity
fossa hollow or depression usually at the end of a bone
glomerular filtrate substances that filter out of the blood through glomeruli (water, sugar, salts, etc.)
glomerulus ball-shaped collection of very tiny coiled and intertwined capillaries
hilum depression, or pit, of an organ where the vesseles and nerves enter
meatus opening or tunnel through any part of the body (ex: external opening of the urethra)
medulla most internal part of a structure or organ
micturition urination
nephrolith kidney stone
renal calculus kidney stone; also call nephrolith
peritoneum specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall
peritonitis inflammation of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
renal pelvis central collecting part of the kidney that narrows into the large upper end of the ureter
renal tubule long, twisted tube that leads away from the glomerulus; water, sugar, and salts are reabsorbed into the bloodstream through the network of capillaries that surround them
residual urine urine that remains in the bladder after urination
toxic poisonous
turbid cloudy
uremia excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood
ureter one of a pair of tubes that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder
urethra tubular structure that drains urine
urinary incontinence inability to control urination
urine fluid released by the kidneys; normal is clear, straw-colored, and slightly acidic
albuminuria presence in the urine of abnormally large quantities of protien
anuria cessation (stopping) of urine production
bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine
dysuria painful urination
fatigue state of exhaustion
frequency number of repetitions of any phenomenon within a fixed period of time
glcosuria glucose in the urine
hematuria abnormal presence of blood in the urine
ketonuria ketone bodies in the urine; result of uncontrolled DM,starvation, and other metabolic conditions (fats rapidly broken down)
malaise feeling of bodily weakness and discomfort
nocturia excessive urination at night
oliguria scanty (diminished) urine output
polydipsia excessive thrist
polyuria abnornally large amounts of urine
pyuria pus in the urine
urgency feeling of the need to void urine immediately
cysitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
glomerulonephritis, acute inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys
hydronephrosis distension of the pelvis and calyces of the kidney caused by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the ureter
polycystic kidney disease disorder of the kidneys in which grapelike fluid-filled sacs or systs replace normal kidney tissue
pylonephristis, acute bacterial infection of the renal pelvis of the kidney
renal failure, chronic progressively slow development of kidney failure, over a period of years
vesicoureteral reflux backflow (reflux) of urine
hemodialysis removing excess fluids and toxins from the blood; shunting
catherization introduction of a catheter (flexible hollow tube) into a body cavity, to instill a substance or to remove a fluid
cytometrography examination performed to evaluate bladder tone; bladder pressure during filling and voiding
cystoscopy process of viewing the interior of the bladder using a cytoscope
intravenous pyelogram radiographic procedure provides visualization of the entire urinary tract: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
KUB (kidneys, ureters, bladder) x-ray of the lower abdomen; defines the size, shape, and location of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
retrograde pyelogram (RP) radiographic procedure; catheters are passed through a cytoscope into the ureters to visualize the ureters and the renal pelvis
urinalysis physical, chemical, or microscopic examination of urine
24-hour urine specimen collection of all of the urine excreted by the individual over a 24-hour period
voiding cystourethrography x-ray visualization of the bladder and urethra during the voiding process
clean-catch specimen collection is used to avoid contamination of the urine specimen from the microorganisms normally present on the external genitalia; midstream specimen
first-voided specimen collection of the first-voided specimen of the morning; early-morning specimen
random specimen urine specimen that is collected at any time
ureterostenosis ureteral stricture (narrowing)
vesicocele herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina
Created by: maxphia32