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A and P chapter-7

QuestionAnswer
Middle Ear 6 tiny bones of the skull form this
Epiphyses The end of a long bone
Diarthroses Joints that allow considerable movement
Endochondral Ossification most bones in the body are formed from cartilage models in this process
Sinus Space or cavity in some of the bones of the cranium
Ligament Cords or bands of fibrous connective tissue which grow out of the periosteum and hold bones together tightly
Trabeculae Needle like threads of spongy bone that surround a network of spaces
Radius Thumb side of the forearm
Diaphysis Shaft of the long bone
Rickets disease which involves the demineralization of developing bones in infants and young children
Articulation Another term for joint
Articular Cartilage Thin layer of cartilage covering each epiphysis; functions like a small rubber cushion at the joint
Pectoral Girdle Connects the bones of the arm, forearm, wrist and hands to the axial skeleton
Hematopoiesis The process of blood cell formation
Suture 2 bones of the skull are fused to form this
Fontanels Soft spot on a baby's skull
Osteocytes Living bone cells
Scoliosis abnormal side to side curvature of the spine
Kyphosis Abnormal thoracic curvature or “hunchback”
Central Canal Center of the haversian system which contains a blood vessel
Synarthroses A joint in which fibrous connective tissue grows between the articulating bones holding them together
Axial Skeleton Bones of the skull, spine and chest
Compact Bone Hard, dense outer layer of bone
Lacunae Little spaces in the hard layers of the lamellae
Lordosis ”swayback” condition
Joint Capsule Structure lined with fibrous connective tissue and lined with a smooth, slippery synovial membrane
Paranasal Sinuses 4 pairs of sinuses that have openings into the nose
Cranium 8 bones of the skull
Olecranon Process Large bony process of the ulna
Pelvic Girdle Connects the bones of the thigh, leg, ankle, and foot to the axial skeleton
Epiphseal Line visible line on long bones between the diaphysis and the epiphysis indicating growth no longer occurs in the bone
Canaliculi Tiny passageways that connect the lacunae with one another and with the central canal in each haversian system
Ampiarthroses Joint in which cartilage connects the articulating bones
Spongy Bone Porous bone located in the epiphysis
Appendicular Skeleton Bones of the upper and lower extremities
Humerus Long bone of the upper arm
Open Fracture A break in the bone that pierces the skin
Scapula Shoulder blade
Vertebrae Series of separate bones located in the spinal column
Thorax Chest
Ulna Pinky side forearm bone
Epiphyseal Plate Cartilage that remains between the diaphysis and epiphysis allowing growth to continue
Lanellae Circular rings that surround the central canal
Arthritis General name for many different inflammatory joint diseases
Created by: Akile6