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Chapter 26 glossary

War, Revolution, and Reconstruction

QuestionAnswer
The Great War A war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918
Central Powers World War I alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman empire (later joined by Bulgaria)
Allies In World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
Central European Empire Composed of the German Empire, the Austria-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria. This alignment originated in the Triple Alliance, and fought against the Allied Powers that had formed around the Triple Entente.
"Cult of Offensive" During World War I, this was a military belief that whoever would strike first would win. It was believed to be the key to winning the war but brought great loss of life while not showing an obvious victory.
Marne River First major battle of the war in which the German advance into France was halted
Eastern Front In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
U-boat A German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1
Lusitania British passenger ship holding Americans that sunk off the coast of Ireland in 1915 by German U-Boats killing 1,198 people. It was decisive in turning public favor against Germany and bringing America into WWI.
Battle of Jutland greatest naval encounter of the war, between the British and Germans, off the coast of Jutland in the North Sea; the British maintained naval supremacy
Verdun A battle in World War I (1916) in some of the bloodiest fighting in World War I the German offensive was stopped.
The Home Front commonly used to describe the civilian populace of the nation at war as an active support system of their military.
Total War The mobilization of the entire resources of a nation for war
Burgfriede Truce between political parties in Germany during World War I
Union Sacre
Propaganda Information, usually produced by governments, presented in a way as to inspire and spread particular beliefs or opinions
Habsburgs German princely family who ruled in alliance with the Holy Roman Empire and controlled most of Central Europe
The Black Market
Created by: alfromcanada