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urinary&repro

genitourinary and male repro systems

QuestionAnswer
A/G albumin-globulin ratio
AGN acute glomerulonephritis
ARF acute renal failure
ATN acute tubular necrosis
BNO bladder neck obstruction
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
BUN blood, urea, nitrogen
C & S culture and sensitivity
cath catheterization
cysto cystoscopy
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction
ESWL extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
EU excretory urography
HD hemodialysis
IVP intravenous pyelography
IVU intravenous urography
K potassium
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
Na sodium
PCNL percutaneous nephrolithotomy
pH symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
PSA prostate-specific antigen
RP retrograde pyelography
SG, sp. gr. specific gravity
TSE testicular self examination
TUR, TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
EBT external beam therapy
EMG electromyogram
ESRD end-stage renal disease
GU genitourinary
HTN hypertension
PKD polycystic kidney disease
RP retrograde pyelogram
VCUG voiding cystourethrography prostate
VUR vesicoureteral reflux
acute having rapid onset, severe symptoms, and a short course
aspermia lack of, or failure to ejaculate sperm
anuria the absence of urine
azotemia metabolic wastes in the blood
balanitis inflammation of the head of the penis
benign prostatic hypertrophy enlargement of the prostate resulting in the inability of the bladder to empty completely
bladder an expendable hollow organ which acts as a temporary reservoir for urine
Bowman's Capsule part of the renal corpuscle; surrounds the glomerulus of the nephron
calculi commonly called stones; usually composed of mineral salts
calyx the cuplike division of the kidney pelvis (pl. calyces)
catheterization to insert a catheter into a cavity to remove body fluid
circumcision surgical removal of the foreskin from the head of the penis
cryptoorchidism failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cystectomy excision of the bladder
cystography the introduction of dye into the bladder providing visualization of the bladder
dialysis removal of the products of urine from the blood bye passage of the solutes through a membrane
diuretic substance which increases the production of urine
dysuria painful urination
ejaculation the expulsion of seminal fluid from the male urethra
elimination to remove, get rid of, exclude; also to pass urine from the bladder or stool from the bowel
epididymis a singly, tightly coiled tube above each testis that stores sperm after it leaves the seminiferous tubules
epispadias when the urethra opens on the upper surface of the penis
excretion the process of expelling material from the body
fistula an abnormal tube-like passage from a normal cavity or an abscess to a free surface
foreskin loose skin covering the end of the penis
frequency the need to void urine often, though usually only a small amount at a time
glomerulus the microscopic cluster of capillaries within the Bowman's capsule of the nephron
gonadotropin hormonal preparation used to raise sperm count in cases of infertility
GU genitourinary
gynecomastia development of abnormally large breasts in the male
hematuria blood in the urine
hemodialysis mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood
hesitancy difficulty in starting a urine stream
Hilum the recessed area of the kidney where the ureter and blood vessels enter
hydrocele the accumulation of serous fluid in a cavity
impotence inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection
inguinal canal passageway in the groin for the spermatic cord in the male
inguinal hernia presence of small intestine in the inguinal canal
intravenous pyelography (IVP) the insertion of a radioplaque material into the vein for the purpose of x-raying the kidneys and ureters
incontinence involuntary discharge of urine
kidney fist sized organs in the abdominal cavity whose function is to cleanse or purify the blood
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen, through an incision just below the navel
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
Lithotripter a device that destroys urinary stones with laser technology
micturation voiding, urination
nephrolith kidney stone
nephrolithiasis presence or condition of or formation of a kidney stone
nephrolysis surgical separation of an inflamed kidney from adhesions (Scar tissue)
nephron filtering units located in the kidney tissue that continually adjust body conditions to add or remove substances from the blood
nephropexy suspension (suturing) of the kidney
nephrotomography a study in with several planes of the kidney are visualized
nocturia night urination
oliguria scanty/decreased urination
orchiectomy surgical removal of the testes
orchidepididymitis inflammation of the testes and epididymis
penis the male external sex organ
peritoneal pertaining to the peritoneum (the membrane which lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs)
phimosis stenosis of the opening of the prepuce preventing retraction of the foreskin
polycystic kidney disease a condition of multiple cysts in the kidneys
prostate a gland of the male reproductive system which surrounds the proximal portion of the urethra
prostatectomy excision of part or all of the prostate gland
prostatocystalgia pain in the prostate and bladder
prostatomy incision into the prostate
ptosis a drooping or dropping of an organ or part, for example the eyelid or kidney
puberty age of sexual maturation
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelolithotomy removal of a stone from the renal pelvis by an incision
pyuria pus in the urine
renal pertaining to the kidney
renal artery carries waste laden blood to the tubules within the kidney for purification
renal pelvis an enlarged funnel-shaped extension of the ureter
renal vein structure which carries blood away from the kidney
residual pertaining to that which is left as a residue
retention inability to void urine which is present in the bladder
secretion separation of certain materials from the blood by the activity of a gland
semen the mixtures of secretions from the various glands and organs that reproductive system of the male, which is expelled at orgasm
sperm the male gamete or sex cell
spermicide medication used to inhibit the sperm's passage to the ovum. 85% effective as a birth control measure
stricture the narrowing of an opening, tube, or canal, such as the urethra or esophagus
TUR/TURP transurethral resection prostate
Uremia toxic condition of nitrogenous wastes in the blood
ureter slender tube that conveys urine from the kidney to the bladder
ureterectasis dilation of the ureter
ureterectomy removal of the ureter
ureterpyelostomy anastomosis of ureter and renal pelvis
ureterovesicostomy reimplantation of a ureter into the bladder
urethra a membranous tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
urethrectomy removal of the urethra
urethtritis inflammation of the urethra
urethropexy surgical fixation of the urethra
urethroscopy visual examination of the urethra
urgency the sudden need to expel urine or stool
urinalysis urine test which provides general information on the health of the body as a whole
urinary system eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination
urochrome urine color
urologist one who specializes in the study of the urinary system
varicocele swelling and distention of veins and the spermatic cord
vas deferens excretory duct of the testes
vasectomy the cutting out of a portion of the vas deferens
Created by: 736682432