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Tissues and Membrane

QuestionAnswer
A group of cells with similar structure and function? Tissue
What are the four major groups of tissue? Epithelial, connective, muscle,nerve.
Epithelial tissue coverings are for the? Outer surface
Epithelial tissue linings are for the? Inner surface
Epithelial tissues receive oxygen and nutrients from? Blood and connective tissue beneath them.
Why does epithelial tissue rely on the connective tissue beneath it for nutrients? Because they have no capillaries.
What are the three distinctive shapes of epithelial tissue? Squamous, cuboidal, columnar.
The term for a single layer of cells is? Simple
The term when there are many layers of cells present? Stratified
A thin, smooth, flat, single layer of cells is called? Simple squamous epithelium
Two examples of simple squamous epithelium are? Alveoli (air sacs, capillaries.
Many layers of mostly flat cells is called? Stratified squamous epithelium
Continually producing new cells to replace those worn off the surface is called? Mitosis
The epidermis is a barrier to what? Pathogens
When surface cells change from rounded to flat? Transitional epithelial tissue
What is the location and function of the transitional epithelial tissue? Lining of the urinary bladder. Permits expansion without tearing the lining.
One layer of cube shaped cells? Cuboidal epithelial tissue
What is the location and function of the cuboidal epithelial tissue? Thyroid gland, salivary gland, kidney tubules.
One layer of column shaped cells? Columnar epithelial tissue
What is the location and function of the columnar epithelial tissue? lining of stomach, lining of the small intestine.
One layer of columnar cells with cilia on their free surfaces? Ciliated epithelial tissue
What is the location and function of the ciliated epithelial tissue? lining of trachea,lining of fallopian tube.
Unicellular means? One cell
An example of unicellular is? Goblett cells
Which of the multicellular glands have ducts? Exocrine glands
Which of the multicellular glands do not have ducts or are ductless? Endocrine glands
Which organ has both endocrine and exocrine glands? Pancreas
What is the structural network or solution of non-living intercellular material? Matrix
What is the matrix of blood? Plasma
What is the location of blood plasma? Within blood vessels
What is the function of plasma? To transport materials
What is the matrix of Areolar connective tissue? Tissue, fluid, collagen, and elastin fibers.
Where is the Areolar located? Subcutaneous tissue
Mucous membranes of areolar are found in what systems? Digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive tracts.
Does adipose tissue have a matrix? little
What is the structure of adipose tissue? Adipocytes that store fat
most of the fat from adipocytes is found where? Under the skin
The fat from adipocytes is also found around the what? For protection. Kidneys and eyes
The matrix of fibrous connective tissue is? Mostly collagen fibers with few fibroblasts
Fibrous is found in the? Tendons and ligaments
The matrix of elastic connective tissue is? Elastin fibers with few fibroblasts
Elastic connective tissue is found? On the walls of large arteries
What allows large arteries to stretch and recoil? Elastin
Osteocytes in a matrix of calcium salts and collagen are the structure of what? Bone
Name some functions of Bone? Support the body, protect internal organs, store excess calcium, contain and protect red bone marrow.
Chondrocytes in a flexible protein matrix are the structure of what? Cartilage
Cartilage is smooth to prevent what? Friction
Cartilage is found between vertebrae for what purpose? To absorb shock
Chondrocytes are found on the wall of what? This will keep the airway open. Trachea
What are the three types of muscle tissue? Skeletal, smooth, cardiac
Large cylindrical cells with striations and several nuclei is the structure of which muscle tissue? Skeletal
What is the structure of smooth muscle tissue? Small tapered cells with no striations and one nucleus each.
When the cells are branched with faint striations which muscle tissue are these? Cardiac
Skeletal muscles move the skeleton and produce what? Heat
Smooth muscle tissue maintains what? Blood pressure
The function of cardiac muscle is to? Pump blood
Effects of the skeletal muscle tissue on nerve impulses are? Voluntary
Effects of the smooth muscle tissue on nerve impulses are? Involuntary
Nerve tissue consists of nerve cells called? Neurons
What two organs are found in the Central Nervous System (CNS)? Brain and Spinal Cord
What are the Brain and spinal cord made of? Specialized cells called neuroglia
The peripheral nervous system (PNS) consists of all of the nerves that emerge from the? CNS and supply the rest of the body
The nerves from the PNS are made of neurons and specialized cells called? Schwann cells
Schwannn cells form the what? Myelin sheath
Neurons are capable of generating and transmitting what? Electrochemical impulses
What are processes that carry impulses toward the cell body? Dendrites
What is the process where the impulse is carried away from the cell body? Axon
What contains the nucleus and is essential for the continuing life of the neuron? Cell body
The space between axon of one neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the next neuron? Synapse
What are the chemicals released by axons? Neurotransmitters
Sheets of tissue that cover or line surfaces or separate organs are called what? Membranes
What are the two major categories of membranes? Epithelial and connective
There are two types of epithelial membranes these are? Serous and mucous
These membranes line some closed body cavities and cover the organs in these cavities what are they? Serous membranes
The membranes that line the body tracts (systems) that have openings to the environment are called what? Mucous membranes
What systems do the Mucous membranes line? Respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive.
What is another name for mucous membrane? Mucosa
The mucosa of what two areas of the body is stratified squamous epithelium? Esophagus and vagina
The mucosa of the trachea is what type? Ciliated epithelium
Columnar epithelium can be found in what part of the body? The stomach
What covers and lines the spinal cord and brain? Meninges
Between the skin and muscles what type of membrane can be found? Superficial fascia
Periosteum membrane covers what? Each bone
Perichondrium contains capillaries which are the only what for cartilage? Blood supply
Secretes synovial fluid to prevent friction when joints move. Synovial membrane
What covers each skeletal muscle? Deep fascia
Meninges contain what type of fluid? Cerebrospinal fluid
What forms a sac around the heart? Fibrous pericardium
What membrane lines the thoracic cavity? Parietal pleura
What membrane covers the lungs Visceral pleura
The membrane that lines the fibrous pericardium? Parietal pericardium
What is the membrane the covers the heart? Visceral pericardium
What membrane lines the abdominal cavity? Peritoneum
The mesentery membrane covers the what? Abdominal organs
Created by: ShanellStock