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Government Ch.1-4

Government

QuestionAnswer
Connecticut Compromise States represented equally, representation based on population
What are the concurrent(shared)? collect taxes, punish crimes, and eminent domain
Petition of Right Signed by King Charles in 1628, challenged divine right of kings
What is executive power? to execute and enforce laws, president
What is a block grant? federal money given to states with less strings attached
What are some reserved powers? Voting, Speed limit, Marriage, Licenses
New Jersey Plan Unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented
Who is the father of the constitution? James Madison
Bicameral 2 houses
Albany Plan of Union Benjamin Franklin in 1754, united 13 colonies
Articles of Confederation "a firm league of friendship"
Magna Carta Document written in 1215
Autocracy single person holds unlimited power
What is a categorical grant? Federal money granted to a state for a specific purpose
What is legislative power? To make laws, congress
What are some characteristics of a democracy? Rule of law, free & open media, peaceful transition of power
Who wrote the Federalist Papers? John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
Why was the Bill of Rights added to the constitution? To keep our freedom and power that the National Government can't abuse
What is Judicial Power? To interpret laws, FBI and court
What are the exclusive? Coin currency, declare war and make treaties
Confederation Alliance of independent states
Oligarchy Small, self appointed group has the power to rule
English Bill of Rights Written by parliament and signed in 1689, prevent abuse of power
What is the constitution? Body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures and processes of a government
Virginia Plan Called for a 3 branch government with a bicameral legislature
Representative Government Government that serves the will of the people
Limited Government Government that is not all-powerful
What is federalism? Division of power among a central government and several regional governments
Parliamentary Government Members of legislative and executive are under legislatures control
Presidential Government Government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and coequal
Division of Powers Power is shared by a central and local government
What is judicial review? Power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a government action
Unitary Government Government in which all power belongs to a central agency, Ns
Federal Government Government in which power is divided between a central and other government, NS
What is constitutionalism? Government must be conducted according to constitutional principles
Charter Written grant of authority from the king to establish a colony
What is the Social Contract Theory? Humans overcame unpleasant conditions by agreeing to create a state
What is the Evolutionary Theory? State developed naturally out of early family
What was the force theory? State was born of force
What is the Divine Right Theory? God created the state, royal birth to rule
What is Article I? Legislative
What is Article II? Executive
What is Article III? Judicial
What is Article IV? Relations among states
What is Article V? How to change the constitution
What is Article VI? National Supremacy Clause
What is Article VII? How to ratify the constitution
Judicial to legislative Courts may declare acts of congress to be unconstitutional
Executive to Judicial President appoints supreme court justices and other federal judges
Legislative to Executive Congress makes laws, creates agencies and programs, override veto with a 2/3 vote, may remove the president with impeachment
Executive to Legislative President may veto legislation, may call special sessions, recommend legislation, appeal to the people
Legislative to Judicial Congress creates lower courts, may remove judges through impeachment, senate approves or rejects judges
Judicial to Executive Judges are appointed for life, free from executive control; courts may declare executive actions to be unconstitutional
1st Amendment Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition
2nd Amendment Right to bear arms
3rd Amendment Quartering of Troops
4th Amendment Search, seizure and proper warrants
5th Amendment Criminal proceedings; due process; eminent domain
6th Amendment Criminal proceedings
7th Amendment Civil Trials
8th Amendment Punishment for Crimes
9th Amendment Unenumerated Rights
10th Amendment Powers reserved to the state
13th Amendment Slavery and Involuntary Solitude
14th Amendment Rights of Citizens
15th Amendment Right to Vote
16th Amendment Income Tax
17th Amendment Popular election of Senators
18th Amendment Prohibition of intoxicating liquors
19th Amendment Women can vote; equal rights
Created by: music62794