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S. Anat4

Tissue and Membrane

Group of Cells with similar structure and function Tissue
4 major groups of tissue Epithelial, connective, Muscle, nerve
Covers (outer surface) or linings (inner surface) Epithelial tissue
NO capillaries-gets nutrients from connective tissue Epithelial tissue
Epithelial tissue has no _____ Capillaries
Epithelial classifications Cell type, Shape, Number of layers
Different cell types Ciliated or non ciliated
Different shapes Squamous, Cuboidal, Columnar
Number of layers Simple (1), Stratified (many)
Flat scale like Squamous
Same height and width Cuboidal
Tall and narrow Columnar
Single layer, smooth, thin and flat Simple Squamous epithelium
Many layers of mostly flat cells Stratified Squamous epithelium
Mitosis occurs in _____ cells Cells
Types of epithelium (2) Keratinizing and Non-keratinizing
Epidermis Keratinizing
Mucous membranes Non-keratinizing
Stratified epithelium with varied shapes and layers Transitional epithelium
Simple cubical epithelium purpose (thyroid, saliva, kidneys) Secretion and absorption
Simple columnar epithelium (stomach and intestines) Secretion and absorption
Ciliated epithelium (nose and fallopian tubes) sweep mucous/egg
Cells or organs that secrete Glands
Types of glands (2) Unicellular and Multi-cellular
Unicellular one cell
Secrete mucous and are found in respiratory and digestive tract Goblet cells
Multi-cellular similar or dissimilar cells that combine secretions
Types of multicultural cell (2) Exocrine and Endocrine
Glands that have ducts Exocrine
Ductless glands Endocrine
Secrete directly into blood or interstitial fluid Endocrine glands
Secrete hormones Endocrine glands
The presence of a matrix in addition to cells Connective Tissue
Connective Tissue (7) Blood, Bone, Areolar, Adipose, Fibrous, Elastic, Cartilage
Structural network or solution of non living intercellular material Matrix
Plasma, RBC, WBC, Platelets make Blood
Blood matrix Plasma
Blood forming Hemopoietic tissue
RBC, 5 types of WBC, and Platelets Marrow
Carry O2 and Hemoglobin RBC
2 types of WBC Lymphatics
Destroy pathogens and provide immunity WBC
Clotting purposes Platelets
Areolar (aka) Lose
Areolar cells Fibroblasts
Fibroblasts produce protein fibers
Areolar Matrix (2) Collagen and Elastin
Found beneath all epithelial tissue Areolar tissue
Adipose cells called Adipocytes
Adipocytes store Fat
Adipose matrix small amounts of fluid and collagen fibers
Mostly subcutaneous also around kidneys and eyes Adipose
Fibrous cells called Fibroblasts
Fibrous matrix Collagen
Fibrous tissue found Outer walls of arteries, tendons, ligaments
Fibrous tissue runs______ to resist force Parallel
Fibrous tissue(arteries, tendons, ligaments) has ___ blood supply Poor
Dermis and facia have ____ blood supply Good
Elastic tissue cells called Fibroblasts
Elastic matrix Mostly Elastin some collagen
Elastic tissue found in Walls of arteries, alveoli, some ligaments
Bone cells called Osteocytes
Bone matrix Calcium salt and Collagen
Columns of cells that run long axis with rings at ends Bone tissue
Bone tissue has ____blood supply Good
Cartilage cells called Condrocytes
Cartilage matrix flexible protein
Cartilage found joint surfaces, external ear,
Cartilage has ___capillaries No
Muscle tissue (3) Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
Skeletal muscle tissue(3) Cylindrical, Several, Striated
Muscle cells Myocytes
Several Nuclei in ___cell
Striped-Contractile proteins Striated
Attach to bone to move the skeleton Skeletal muscle
Skeletal muscle has its own motor nerve ending(can be controlled_____) Voluntarily
Skeletal muscle produces____ to maintain body temperature heat
Skeletal muscle names(3) Skeletal, Striated, Voluntary
Skeletal describes location
Striated describes appearance
Voluntary describes function
Smooth muscle tissue(3) Tapered ends, Single nuclei, No striations
In many visceral organs Smooth muscle
Visceral describes location
Smooth describes appearance
Involuntary describes function
Cardiac Muscle (2) branched and single nucleus,
Cardiac muscle has ____ striations Small
Forms myocardium Cardiac muscle
Pumps blood Cardiac muscle
Nervous tissue cells Neurons
Generate and carry electromechanical impulses Neurons
Has a direct role in almost every body function Nervous tissue
Brain and spinal cord CNS
Peripheral nerves PNS
Contains organelles Cell body
Process that carries impulses away from cell body Axon
Axon carries impulses ________ cell body Away from
Process that carries impulses toward cell body Dendrites
Dendrites carry impulses _____cell body Toward
____impulses travel along the cell membrane Electrical
Epithelial membranes (2) Serous and mucous
Simple Squamous epithelium that lines closed body cavities and cover organs in these cavities Serous membranes
Reduces friction Serous fluid
Lines thoracic cavity Parietal pleura
Covers lungs Visceral pleura
Lines the fibrous pericardium Parietal pericardium
Covers the heart Visceral pericardium
Lines the abdominal cavity Peritoneum
Covers abdominal organs Mesentery
Lines the tracts that have openings to the outside Mucous membranes
Keeps cells wet, lubricated, traps dust and bacteria Mucous
Covers bone, anchors tendons, and ligaments to bone Periosteum
Between skin and muscle Superficial facia
Covers cartilage Perichondrium
Lines synovial joint cavities, secretes synovial fluid Synovial
Covers skeletal muscle, anchors tendons to muscle Deep facia
Covers the brain and spinal cord Meninges
Forms sac around the heart, lined by parietal pericardium Fibrous pericardium
Created by: Sarsileigh



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