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CARDIOVASCULAR LOL

Cardiovascular System - Blood: Ch. 14

QuestionAnswer
Whole blood is made of what two key components? Whole blood is made of up 55% Blood Plasma, and 45% Formed Elements.
Blood plasma is made of what three key components? Blood Plasma is made of up of proteins, water, and other solutes.
What are the three main proteins found in blood? The three main proteins found in blood are albumin (54%), globulin (38%), and fibrinogen (7%).
What are the six solutes commonly found in blood? The six solutes commonly found in blood are electrolytes, nutrients, gases, regulatory substances, vitamins, and waste products.
What is the definition of a formed element? The definition of formed elements are red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets; then granular/agranular leukocytes, neutrophil, eosinophils, basophils, T/B lymphocytes, natural killer cells, and monocytes.
The three classes of formed elements are...? The three classes of formed elements are red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
What are the five classes of red blood cells? RBC (erythrocytes): Neutrophil, basophil, eosinophil, monocyte, and lymphocyte (A,B)
Determine the process of red blood cell formation by describing the relationship between the terms of erythrocyte and erythropoesis. The formation of erythrocytes is termed erythropoesis, the production of RBC alone.
Determine the process of red blood cell formation by describing the relationship between reticulocytes and red blood cells. Near the end of its erythropoesis, an RBC precursor ejects its nucleus to become a reticulocyte (which develops into mature RBCs within 1 to 2 days after release from the red bone marrow.
Address the role of a neutrophil.
Address the role of a monocyte.
Address the role of an eosinophil.
Address the role of a basophil.
Address the role of B, T, and natural killer cells.
What is hemostasis?
What are the three methods of reduction of blood loss?
What is a hemorrhage?
How does vascular spasm aid in hemostasis?
How does clotting aid in hemostasis?
What is the difference between a thrombus and an embolus?
What is a pulmonary embolism and why is one dangerous?
What makes one blood group different from another?
How is type A blood different from type B blood?
How is type AB blood different from types A or B?
What does an anti-A antibody do? What does an anti-B antibody do?
Who has an anti-A antibody? Who does not?
Who has an anti-B antibody? Who does not?
What happens in an incompatible blood transfusion?
What is the difference between Rh+ and Rh- blood?
What is anemia and what are its symptoms?
What is the cause of iron-deficiency anemia?
What is the cause of pernicious anemia?
What is the cause of hemorrhage anemia?
What is the cause of hemolytic anemia?
What is the cause of thalassemia (anemia)?
What is the cause of aplastic anemia?
What are the causes and symptoms of sickle cell anemia?
What are the causes and symptoms of hemophilia?
What are the causes and symptoms of leukemia?
Reticylocyte Counting the volume of reticulocytes in a sample of blood-measures rate of erythropoesis.
Hematocrit Counting the percent of a blood sample that is composed of RBCs. Diagnoses anemia.
Differential WBC Count Count various forms of WBC to assess for infections and manufacture of WBCs.
Complete Blood Count Measure volume of all blood components, measures blood components that are out of range.
-emia blood condition
erythr(o)- red
gluc(o)- sugar, glucose
glyc(o) sugar, sweet
hem(o), hemat(o) blood, hemorrhage
-rrhagia hemorrhage, excessive discharge
phleb(o) vein
thromb(o) blood clot
Created by: BrookePace