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anatomy term.

Anatomical terminology (regional areas, position and direction, planes, cavity)

QuestionAnswer
Axial region consists of the head, neck, and trunk.
Appendicular region consists of the limbs (or extremities/appendages)
superior toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
inferior away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
anterior toward or at the front of the body; in front of
posterior toward or at the back of the body; behind
medial toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
lateral away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
cranial (cephalad) toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
caudal away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
ventral toward or at the front of the body; in front of (pertaining to cat)
dorsal toward or at the back of the body; behind (pertaining to cat)
superficial toward or at the body surface
deep away from the body surface; more internal
proximal closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
distal farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb tot he body trunk
sagittal section/plane gives right and left sections
midsagittal sec./plane gives equal right and left sections
parasagittal sec./plane gives unequal right and left sections
frontal (coronal) section/plane gives anterior/posterior or front/back sections
transverse (cross) section/plane gives superior/inferior sections
dorsal (posterior) cavity pertaining to the back (includes cranial and vertebral cavities)
cranial cavity lies in the skull and encases the brain
vertebral cavity runs through the vertebral column and encases the spinal cord
ventral (anterior) cavity the anterior and larger of the closed body cavities (contains the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity)
thoracic cavity contains the heart and lungs, and is surrounded by the ribs and muscles of the chest wall. Superior to the diaphragm. (contains the pleural cavity, the mediastinum, and pericardial cavity)
pleural cavity two lateral parts, each containing a lung (in the thoracic cavity)
mediastinum (space) a central band of organs in the thoracic cavity. it contains the heart in the pericardial cavity.
pericardial cavity surrounds the heart in the thoracic cavity. (inferior portion of the mediastinum)
abdominopelvic cavity contains the abdominal and pelvic cavities
abdominal cavity the superior portion of the abdominopelvic cavity, which contains the liver, stomach, kidneys, and other organs.
pelvic cavity the inferior part of the abdominopelvic cavity, which contains the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum
mucosae a general term fro membranes lining body cavities open to the outside
serosae a general term for membranes of closed body cavities
pleura serosae in the thoracic cavity
peritoneum serosae in the abdominopelvic cavity
parietal a serosa on the wall of the cavity
visceral a serosa covering an organ
parietal pleura serosae on the wall of the thoracic cavity
visceral pleura serosae covering an organ in the thoracic cavity
parietal peritoneum serosae on the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity
visceral peritoneum serosae covering an organ in the abdominopelvic cavity
flexion decrease the angle between two bones
extension increase the angle between two bones
abduction movement away from the midline
adduction movement toward the midline
elevation lifting a body part superiorly
depression moving a body part inferiorly
protraction moving a body part anteriorly
retraction moving a body part posteriorly
rotation turning a bone along its axis
medial rotation turning a bone along its axis toward the midline
lateral rotation turning a bone along its axis away from the midline
pronation rotating forearm, palm posterior
supination rotating forearm, palm anterior
circumduction moving a limb or finger to describe a cone in space
opposition moving the thumb to touch the tip of the other fingers
eversion turning sole of foot laterally (specific to foot)
inversion turning sole of foot medially (specific to foot)
plantar flexion pointing the toes (specific to foot)
dorsiflexion lifting the foot so that the superior surface approaches the skin
Created by: lovezchoclabs