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ssc1 wgu

chapter 1 wk 1 quiz 1

case study A method of research consisting of detailed, long-term investigation of a single social unit.
concept A generalized idea about people, objects, or processes that are related to one another, an abstract way of classifying things that are similar.
cross-section A survey of a broad spectrum of a population at a specific point in time.
ethical neutrality An attitude of the scientific metnod in the social sciences, requiring that scientists not pass moral judgment on their findings
experiment A method of research in which the researcher controls and manipulates variables in one group to test the effects of an independent variable on a dependent variable
hypothesis A tentative statement in clearly defined terms, predicting a relationship between variables.
longitudinal a survey that continues over a long period, engaging in contrasts and comparisons.
objectivity A principle of the scientific method, especially in the social sciences, requiring researchers to divest themselves of personal attitudes, desires, beliefs, values, and tendencies when confronting their data.
participant observation a method of research in which researchers try to take part in the lives of the members of the group under analysis, sometimes without revealing their purpose
population In the social sciences, a statistical concept referring to the totality of phenomena under investigation (eg all college students enrolled in four-year private universities).
research An aspect of scientific methodology that bolsters and complements theories. In the social sciences, four fundamental formats are used, the sample survey, the case study, the experiment , and participant observation.
sample survey a method of research consisting of an attempt to determine the occurrence of a particular act or opinion i a particular sample of people
theory a set of concepts arranged so as to explain and/or predict possible and probable relationships
variables factors whose relationships researchers try to uncover, characteristics that differ (vary) in each individual case
The research method in which the researcher controls one variable and observes and records the results in called experiment
Once a social scientist has formulated the hypothesis, Developing a research design
The scientific method contains all but one of the following techniques. selecting data to prove a point
If a broad spectrum of the population is surveyed at a given times, the study is called cross-sectional
An anthropologist living with a group of people and engaging in some of their rituals is using the following research method participant observation
Variables that exercise influence on other variables are called independent variables
Scientific theories are open to challenge
The hypothesis is a statement of a tentative statement of a topic that is subject to testing
A theory is a set of concepts and generalizations
Repeating a research project is called replication
History is often NOT considered a social science because its primary concern is to record events of the past
An intensive study of an individual or a small group is made by using the following research case study
The social sciences have problems conducting laboratory experiments , as do the natural sciences
A sample is a subset of a population
Correlation differs from causation in that correlation only indicates a possible causal relation
Scientific conclusions are relative to time and place of study and subject to revision
Experiments are based on controlling a variable and observing the results
Statistics that allow researchers to generalize to a population from a sample are called inferential
During the Enlightenment of the 18th century a number of scholars believed human social life could be studied
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