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Chapter 1

General Plan of The Body

What is Anatomy? Study of body structure
What is Physiology? study of body function
What is Pathophysiology? study of disorders of function
What is a chemical? atoms and compounds
What are two types of chemicals organic and inorganic
what does organic contain? carbon and hydrogen
What is the smallest non-living unit? Chemical
What is the smallest living unit? cells
What is Tissue? group of cells with similar structure and function
What is Epithelial tissue? covers or lines body surfaces
Whats different types of tissue? aquamous, cuboidal, stratified, simple, ect.
What are different functions of tissue? sectetion, absorption, protection, etc.
What is connective tissue? connect and support parts of the body, transport, store
What is muscle tissue? contraction for motility,peristalsis, gland secretion, etc.
What is nerve tissue? generate and transmit electrochemical impulses.
What is and organ? a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function.
what is an organ system? a group of organs that work to perform a function.
What are organisms? all body functions contributing to a living being
What is metabalism? all of the chemical reactions and physical processes that take place in the body
What is metabolic rate? speed at which the body produces energy and heat.
what is homeostasis? remaining mostly stable in an unstable environment.
what is negative feedback? reversal of a function brought about by monitoring the results of the function
what is positive feedback? inhancment of a function
What is anatomic position? standing with arms at side, and feet foward.
where is the axillary located? arm pit
where is the brachial located? upper arm
where is the buccal located? cheeks
where is oral located? mouth
where is cardiac located? heart
where is cervical located? neck
where is cranial located? head
where is cutaneous located? skin
where is deltoid located? shoulder
where is femoral located? thigh
where is frontal located? front of head
where is your gastric located? stomach
where is gluteal located? butt
where is your hepatic? liver
wheree is your Iliac? illium
where is your inguinal? inguinal region
where is your lumbar? lower back
where is your mammary? breast
where is your nasal? nose
where is your occipital? back of head
where is your orbital? eye
what is parietal? crown of head
where is your patellar knee cap
where is your pectoral? chest
where is your perineal? pelvis floor
where is your plantar? bottom of foot
where is your popliteal? under the knee
what is your pulmonary? lungs
what is your renal? kidney
where is your sacral? lower back
where is your temporal? side of head
where is your umbilical? belly button
where is your volar? palm of hand
what is superior? above or higher
what is inferior? below or lower
what is anterior? toward front
what is posterior? toward back
what is ventral? front
what is dorsal? back
what is medial? toward midline
what is lateral? away from midline
wht is internal? within
what is external? outside
what is superficial? toward surface
what is deep? within the surface
what is central? the main part
what is peripheral? away from something
what is proximal? closer to the origion
what is distal? away from origon
what is parietal? pertaining to wall of cavity
what is the dorsal? cranial and spinal cavities
what is the ventral cavity? thoracic, abdomianl, and pelvic cavities
what is thoracic cavity? heart, and lungs
what is the prietal pluera? lines chest wall
what is visceral pleura? covers the lungs
what is the pericardial? lines pericardial sac
what is visceralcardial? covers the heart
what is in the abdominal cavity? liver,stomach, intestine, etc
what is the section? cut of a body part
what is a plane? imaginary flat surface that separates 2 portions
what separates the frontal section? front and back portions
what separated the sagittal section? right and left portions
what separates the transverse section? upper and lower portions
what are 3 examples of organic chemicals? carbs, fat, and proteins
give 3 examples of inorganic chemicals? ion, water, and calcium
what does epithelial tissue do? lines the stomach and epidermis of the skin
what does connective tissue protect? bone and blood
what does mucsle tissue protect? heart and skeletal mucsles
what does nerve tissue protect? spinal cord and brain
what is metabolism? all the chemical reactions and physical changes in the body
what is sagittal section? a plane along the long axis of an organ
what is a cross section? a plane that divides the body into right and left portions
what is frontal section? a plane that divides the body into front and back portions
what is transverse section? a plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions
what is the longitudinal section? a plane perpendicular to the long axis of an organ
what is the most superior body cavity? CRANIAL CAVITY
what does the diaphram seperate? abdominal and pelvic areas
the mose inferior body cavity is? pelvic cavity
Created by: jessfowler08



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