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The human body & D

Aden gland
adip/o fat
caud/o lower part of the body, tail
cephal/o head
col/o colon (large intestine)
coron/o coronary, crown
cyt/ cell
Hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
Hyster/o uterus
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
Nephr/o kidney
oste/o bone
path/o disease, suffering, feeling emotion
retr/o Straigh
Key Mediacal terms
Abdomen The abdomen constitutes the part of the body between the throrax(chest) and pelvis
Abdominal Part of the abdomen
Abdominopelvic The division between the abdominal and the pelvic cavity
Adenectomy surgical removal of a gland
Adenoma Abenigh tumor in which the cells form recognizable galndular structures
Adenomalacia Abnormal softening of a gland
Adenosclerosis Abnormal harding of a gland
Adenosis Any disease condition of a galnd
Adipose Fat
Anaplasia change in the structure of cells and in their orentation to each other
Anatomy Abranch of Biology that studies human body
Anomaly A deviation from what is regarded as normal
Anterior Means situated in the fron, it also means on forward part of an organ
Aplasia Lack of development of an organ or tissue
Ascites An abnormal accumulation of clear or milky serous( watery) Fuild in the peritoneal cavity
Caudal Means toward the head
Cephalic Means toward the head
Chromosomes Threat like structure of nucleic acid and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes
Communicable Any disease transmitted from one person to another by either direct or inderect contact
Congential Acondition existing at, and usually before, birth: referring to conditions that are present at birth, regarless of their causation
Coronal A coronal plane through the body is a vertical plane from head to foot and parallel to the shoulder
Cytology The study of cell Biology
Cytoplasm The material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
Dexyribonucleic DNA
Distal situated farthest from the midline or beginning of the body structure
Dorsal Refers to the back of the body or organ
Dysplasia Anmornal development of growth of cells
Endemic Refers to the ongoing presence of a disease within a population
Endocrine secreting internally, most commonly into the systemic circulation. The secretion of an endocrine.
Epidemic sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease within a popular group or area.
Epidemiologist a specialist in the study of outbreaks of a disease within a population group
Epigastric pertaining to the epigastrium, the area above the stomach.
Epithelial pertaining to or involving the outer layer of the skin
Etiology is the study of the cause of disease
Exocrine the sweat glands secrete their chemicals substances into ducts that lead either to other organs or out of the body.
Geneticist the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics
Hemophilia Medical scientist who specializes in the study of the structure of organ tissues, including the composition of cells and their organization into various bodu tissues
Histology The study of mcroscopic stucture of tissue.
Hemeostasis Control bleeding
Hyperplasia Enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in reproductive rate of its cells, often as an innitial development of cancer.
Hypochodric Means below the ribs
Hypogastric The part of the central abdomen that is situated below the region of the stomach
Hypoplasia Underdevelopment or incomplete development of a tissue or organ
Iatrogenic An unfavorable response to medical treatment for a different disorder
Idiopathic Pertaining to an illness without known cause
Iliac Relating to the illium or the nearby regions of the lower body
Infectious Pertaining to and illness cause by a pathogenic organism
Inguinal The groin
Laproscopy Surgery that utilizes a laparoscope with a video camara and surgical instrumensts through small incision.
Lumbar Situated in the back and sides between the lowest ribs and the pelvis
Membrane The Peritoneum that suspends part of the intestine within the abdiminal cavity
Mesentery Fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach, small intestine, sleen, and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen
Midsagittal Middle
Nosocomial The central part that contains genetic material.
Pandemic refers to an outbreak of a disease occuring over a large geographic area, possible worldwide
Parietal peritoneum The part of the peritoneum that lines the abdominal wall
Pathologist Doctor who identifies diseases by studying cells and tissues under a microscope
Pathology The study of structural and funtional changes changes caused by a disease
Pelvic The pelvis, the lower part of the abdomen
Peritoneum The membrene that protects and supports the organ located in the abdominal cavity
Peritonitis The tissue layer of cells lining the inner wall of the abdomen and pelvis.
Phenylketonuria Rare condition on which a baby is born without the ability to properly break down an amino acid.
Physiology The biological study of the funtions of living organisms and their parts.
Posterior Means situated in the back, it also means on the back part of an organ.
Proximal Means situated nearest the middle or beginning of a body structure.
Retropetitioneal Situated behind the peritoneum.
Sagittal (The structure)to the suture uniting the two perietal bones of the skull
Thoracic near the thorax
Transverse Means in a cross wide direction
Umbilical Belly buttom or navel
Ventral Ventral is as opposed to dorsal
Visceral Referring to the viscera, the internal organs of the body, specifically those within the chest or abdomen
Created by: andreafxs