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food and nutrition study guide

How does the availability of food affect meal planning? Some fruits and vegetables are seasonal; a supermarket may not carry the items needed for an unusual recipe.
List five factors that affect how appealing a meal is. Color, shape and size, texture, flavor, and temperature.
Suggest two ways for sequencing food preparation. work around the recipe that takes the longest.
What three things do you need to know before planning a weekly menu? plans of family members and food on hand.
Suggest three tips for busy families planning meals. Start a collection of nutritious recipes that fit your lifestyle, use the microwave oven, make one-dish meals, look for ways to combine convenience foods with fresh foods, cook for the freezer, look for versatile recipes.
How can single people buy only the quantities they need? Buy bulk foods in just the quantity needed, share large food packages with friends, ask meat and produce managers for smaller packages, store foods in single-serving packages, buy small portions of salad ingredients at a supermarket salad bar.
What are three foods that can be kept on hand for emergencies? nonfat dry milk, canned tuna, or frozen pizza.
What is the first step in food budgeting? Keeping a spending record.
How can flexibility help save money on food? It allows you to take advantage of seasonal or sale prices.
What is WIC? Provides supplemental foods, nutrition education, and access to health services to low-income pregnant and nursing women, infants, and children.
Compare and contrast supermarkets and specialty stores. Supermarkets are generally less expensive and carry a wide variety of products.
What are four steps in making a grocery list? Plan the meals to serve, check your menus and recipes for food needed, write those on the shopping list, check for basic items needed and add to the list.
Explain the difference between coupons and rebates. A cents-off coupon is redeemed at the checkout counter; you pay the full price with a rebate coupon then send in the proof of purchase and the coupon for the rebate.
Explain net weight. The weight of the food, not the package.
How is the daily value for sodium different than for vitamin C? The daily value for sodium varies depending on calories needed; vitamin C is not affected by calorie needs.
Explain the term "low in fat." The food can have no more than three grams of fat.
Explain what the package date means. The "sell by" date is the last day a product should be left on the store shelf. It allows time for home storage and use after the date. The "use by" date tells when the quality of a product begins to decline, though it may still be safe to eat.
Describe how to buy bulk foods. Using the scoop or tongs provided, place the food in a plastic bag, tie it, and tag it. Do not taste or touch the food with you hands.
Why is it better to use cost per serving when buying meat? These foods contain bones and other inedible parts. The unit cost includes these parts, but cost per serving does not.
What are five ways to tell if food is unsafe? Dirty, dented, rusty, leaking, damaged.
Created by: flashyy