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QuestionAnswer
Anatomy the study of external and internal structures and the physical relationship between body parts
Physiology Is the study of function; considers the way living organisms perform vital activities
Aristotle
Hippocrates "father of Medicine" Developed a theory of health and disease that relied on the four humors. Relied on reading sympotoms and then 1)prescribing lifestyle changes, 2) prescribing drugs, 3) referral to a surgeon
Galen a prolific author who drew on empirical research from the dissection of non-human animals and from his medical practice.
Four humors blood, black bile, yellow bile and phlegm
Vesalius an Anatomist who published De Humani corporis an illstrated book on the body. "father of modern anatomy" Did human dissections and challenge Galen
William harvey An English physician and student of anatomy and physiology, published an anatomical study of the motion of the heart and of the bllod in animals. demonstrated the blood circulated in the body in two circuits
Scholasticism
Gross anatomy The study of the structural features of the human body without the aid of a microscope
Fine anatomy microscopic anatomy - the study of structures that cannot be seen without magnification
Cytology the study of cells
histology the study of tissues
Developmental anatomy examines the changes in form that occur during the period between conception and physical maturity
Embryology the study of embryonic development, focusing on the first two months after fertilization
Sectional anatomy Looks at sections through the body;
Regional anatomy Considers all structure in a specific area of the bodyk whether they are superficial or deep
Systemic Anatomy the study of anatomy one organ system at a time
Surface Anatomy the general form or morphology or the body and superficial anatomical markings
Organells internal structures in a cell
Cells the smallest living units in the body
Tissues many cells and some surrounding material
Organs are combinations of tissues
Organ system a combination of organs
Organism
Superior Above; at a higher level ( in the human body toward the head)
inferior Below; at a lower level; toward the feet
Dorsal The back ( equivalent to posterior when referring to human body)
Ventral the belly side ( equivalent to anterior when referring to human body)
Lateral Away from the midline ( the logitudinal axis of the body)
Medial toward the midline ( the longitudinal axis of the body)
Superficial at or near, relatively close to the body surface
Deep Toward the interior of the body; farther from the surface
Anterior the front; before
Posterior
Distal
Proximal
Supine
Prone
Transversal plane
Sagittal plan
frontal plane (coronal)
right upper quadrant
right lower quadrant
left upper quadrant
left lower quadrant
Epigastric region
Umbilical region
Hypogastric region
right hypochondral region
left hypochondral region
Right Lumbar region
Left lumbar region
Right inguinal region
Left inguinal region
Thoracic cavity
Pleural cavities
Mediastinum
Pericardial cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
Abdominal cavity
Pelvic cavity
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
Created by: sarah.teacher36