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Chp 15 ♥ ;


Antiseptic a substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms.
Arteriole The smallest branch of an artery.
Bowman's Capsule the cup-shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus; also alled a glomerular capsule.
Cortex the outer layer of a body organ or structure.
Cystoscope an instrument used to view the interior of the bladder.
Dialysate solution that passes through the kidney to remove excess fluids & wastes from the blood; also called "bath".
Dialysis process of removing waste products from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so.
Dwell Time length of time the dialysis solution stays in the peritoneal cavity during peritoneal dialysis.
Fossa hollow or depression, especially on the surface of the end of a bone.
Glomerular Filtrate substances that filter out of the blood through the thin walls of the glomeruli.
Glomerulus ball-shaped collection of very tiny coiled and intertwined capillaries, located in the cortex of the kidney.
Hilum the depression, or pit, of an organ where the vessels and nerves enter.
Meatus opening or tunnel through any part of the body.
Medulla the most internal part of a structure or organ.
Micturition the act of eliminating urine from the bladder; also called voiding or urination.
Nephrolith kidney stone; renal calculus
Peritoneum specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera; the inner lining of the abdominal cavity
Peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum.
Pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis.
Renal Pelvis the central collecting part of the kidney that narrows into the large upper end of the ureter.
Residual Urine urine that remains in the bladder after urination
Toxic poisonous
Turbid cloudy
Uremia the presence of excessive amounts of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood; also called azotemia.
Ureter one of a pair of tubes that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder.
Urethra a small tubular structure that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
Urinary Incontinence inability to control urination.
Urine fluid released by the kidneys, transported by the ureters, retained in the bladder, and eliminated through the urethra.
Albuminuria presence in the urine of abnormally large quantities of protein, usually albumin.
Anuria the stopping of urine production, or a urinary output of less than 100 ml per day.
Bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine.
Dysuria painful urination
Fatigue a state of exhaustion.
Frequency the number of repetitions of any phenomenon.
Glycosuria presence of sugar in the urine
Hematuria presence of blood in the urine
Ketonuria presence of excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine.
Malaise vague feeling of bodily weakness or discomfort, often marking the onset of disease or infection.
Nocturia urination, especially excessive, at night
Oliguria secretion of a diminished amount of urine in relation to the fluid intake; scanty urine output.
Polydipsia excessive thirst
Polyuria excessive urination
Pyuria presence of an excessive number of white blood cells in the urine; pus in the urine.
Urgency feeling the need to void urine immediately
Cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
Glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidneys
Hydronephrosis distension of the pelvis and calyces of the kidney caused by urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the ureter.
Polycystic Kidney Disease hereditary disorder of the kidneys in which grapelike fluid-filled sacs or cysts replace normal kidney tissue
Pyelonephritis bacterial infection of the renal pelvis of the kidney
Renal Failure progressively slow development of kidney failure occurring over a period of years.
Vesicoureteral Reflux abnormal backflow of urine from the bladder to the ureter.
Hemodialysis process of removing excess fluids and toxins from the blood continually shunting the patient's blood from the body into a dialysis machine for filtering, and then returning the clean blood to the patient's bloodsteam.
Catheterization the introduction of a catheter into a body cavity
Cystometrography exam performed to evaluate bladder tone; measuring bladder pressure during filling and voiding.
Cystoscopy process of viewing the interior of the bladder using a cystoscope
Intravenous Pyelogram excretory urogram. provides visualization of the entire urinary tract: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
KUB an x-ray of the lower abdomen that defines the size, shape, and location of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
Retrograde Pyelogram small-caliber catheters are passed through a cystoscope into the ureters to visualize the ureters and the renal pelvis.
Urinalysis physical, chemical, or microscopic exam of urine
24-hour Urine Specimen collection of all of the urine excreted by the person over a 24hr period
Voiding Cystourethrogram x-ray visualization of the bladder and urethra during the voiding process, after the bladder has been filled with a contrast material
Clean-Catch Specimen (Midstream Specimen) used to avoid contamination of the urine specimen from the microorganisms normally present on the external genitalia.
First-Voided Specimen first pee of the morning.
Random Specimen urine specimen that is collected at any time.
Created by: kmariemurray