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Anatomy Ch.1

anatomy lab manual tables

QuestionAnswer
anterior front
ventral belly side; equiv to anterior when referring to human body
posterior back
dorsal back; equiv to posterior when referring to human body
cranial/cephalic the head
superior above; higher level
caudal tail
inferior below; lower level
medial toward the body's longitudinal axis; toward the midsagittal plane
lateral away from body's longitudinal axis; away from midsagittal plane
proximal toward an attached base
distal away from an attached base
superficial at, near, or relatively close to the body's surface
deep farther from the body surface
cephalon (head); cephalic region
cervicis (neck); cervical region
thoracis (thorax/chest); thoracic region
brachium (arm); brachial region
antebrachium (forearm); antebrachial region
carpus (wrist); carpal region
manus (hand); manual region
abdomen abdominal region
lumbus (loin); lumbar region
gluteus (buttock); gluteal region
pelvis pelvic region
pubis (anterior pelvis); pubic region
inguen (groin); inguinal region
femur (thigh); femoral region
crus (anterior leg); crucal region
popliteus (back of knee); popliteal region
sura (calf); sural region
tarsus (ankle); tarsal region
pes (foot); pedal region
planta (sole); plantar region
transverse/horizontal perpendicular to long axis; separates superior & inferior portions
sagittal parallel to long axis; separates right & left portions
midsagittal parallel to long axis; passes thru midline, divide in half & separate right & left sides
parasagittal parallel to long axis; misses midline, separating right & left portions of unequal size
frontal/coronal parallel to long axis; separates anterior & posterior portions
coronal sections passing thru skull
process projection/bump
ramus extension of bone making an angle with the rest of the structure
trochanter large, rough projection
tuberosity small, rough projection
tubercle small, rounded projection
crest prominent ridge
line low ridge
spine pointed process
head expanded articular end of an epiphysis, separated from shaft by neck
neck narrow connection btwn epiphysis & diaphysis
condyle smooth, rounded articular process
trochlea smooth, grooved articular process, pulley shape
facet small, flat articular surface
fossa shallow depression
sulcus narrow groove
foramen rounded passageway for blood vessels or nerves
canal passageway thru surface of a bone
fissure elongated cleft
sinus/antrum chamber w/i bone, normally filled w air
skeletal system has five primary functions support, blood cell production, protection, storage of minerals & lipids, leverage
lambdoid suture connects occipital bone to parietal bones
coronal suture connects frontal bone to parietal bones
sagittal suture extends from lambdoid suture to coronal suture, btwn the parietal bones
squamous suture forms boundary btwn temporal bone & parietal bone on each side of skull
Created by: kmurph