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Anatomy chapt 1

general plan of the body

QuestionAnswer
what is anatomy? Study of body structure
Physiology is? study of body function
Study of disorders? pathology
What are the levels of organization? simple,basic to complex
smallest living unit? cells
smallest non living unit? atoms & compounds
what is homeostasis? stable in an unstable enviroment
what is tissue? group of cells with similar structure and function
Epithelial tissue? covers or lines the body surface
what is epitheial function? secretion, absorption, protection
What is connective tissue? connect and suport parts of the body, transport,store
Axillary is located? armpit
Brachial is located? upper arm
Buccal is located? cheeks
Deltoid is where? shoulder
Femoral is where? thigh
frontal is located where? front of head
lumbar is where? lower back
Occipital is where? back of head
Parietal is located where? crown of head
Patellar is ? Kneecap
Perineal is where? pelvic floor
popliteal is where? behind the knee
Sacral is where? lower back
Volar is where? palm of hand
Anatomic position is ? Standing arms at side with feet forward
Superior means? above
Inferior below
Anterior twards the front
posterior behind
ventral front
dorsal to the back
Midial to the middle
Lateral Away from
internal with in
external outside
superfical to the surface
central to the center
Peripheral from the main part
proximal closer to the origin
perietal to a wall or cavity
Visceral organs with a cavity
Dorsal cavity contains? cranial and spinal cavity
example of an inorganic chemical? iron
example of an inorganic chemical? water
example of an inorganic chemical? calcium
example of organic chemical? carbs
example of organic chemical? fat
example of organic chemical? protine
cells with simular structure they form a? tissue
group of tissues that form a specific function is? organ
epithelial tissue? covers or lines surfaces
connective tissue? supports and stores materials.
muscle tissue? contracts and brings about movement
nurve tissue? transmits impulses
metabolism is ______ reactions? chemical
the volar area is ____ to the plantar area? superior
volar refers to the ____? palm
plantar refers to the ____? foot
the cutanous area is _____ to the muscles? superficial
cutaneous refers to the _____ skin
the ribs are ___ to the pulmonary area? external
pulmonary refers to the ____ lungs
____ moves the skeliton and produces heat? muscular
____ transports oxygen and tutreants to the tissues. circulatory
____ preduces egg or sperm reproductive system
____ supports the body and protects the enternal system? skeletal system,
____ removes the waste products from the blood urinary system
_____ exchanges oxygen and carbon diocide between the blood and air respitory
_____ regulates body functions by means of impulses nervous system
_____ regulates body functions by means of horomones endocrine
_____destroys pathogens that enter the body lymphatic
____ changes food to simpler chemicles to be absorbed digestive system
_____ is a barrior to pathogens and chemicicals integumentary
A synonym for ventral is? anterior
antonym for medial is? lateral
the most superior body cavity is? cranial
the diaphram separates the_____ thoracic and abdominal
the most infeiror cavity is? pelvic cavity
the most superior body system is? integumentry system
A tissue found on the surface of an organ is? epithilial
tissue that causes stomach to contract to help digest food must be? muscle tissue
tissue that enables you to think must be? nerve tissue
tissue that supports body parts and transport materials? connective tissue
tissue that supports body parts and transports materials within the body ar? connective tissue
homeostasis is? relitivelt stable
Two organs that regulate body functions and impulses by impulses and hormoanes nevous and endocrine
two organ systems that regulate the body from pathogens? lymphmatic and integumentry
abdomond may be divided into _____ quadrants four
feedback mechanism name for brakes negative
feedback mechanism for external brakes is possitive
_____ is a part of lower limb femoral
____ is a part of the trunk umbilical
most complex level of of organazion is organ
covers and line surface epithilial tissue
contracts and brings about movement muscle tissue
stores material connective tissue
transmits impulses nerve tissue
spinal cord has nerve tissue
metalbolism is ______ reaction chemical
Created by: RachWebb