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chapter 3

Antiseptic A substance that kills disease-producing microorganism but not their spores.
Autoclave An apparatus for the sterilization of materials.
Contaminate To soil,stain,or pollute,or make impure.
Decontaminate The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy patheogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease,this makes this item safe to handle.
Disenfectant An agent used to destroy patheogenic microorganisms but not their spores.
Detergant an agent that cleans by emulis
Hazardous Chemical Any chemical that presents a threat to the health and safety of an individual coming into contact with it.
Incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development.
Load The articles that are being sterilized.
Material safety data sheet A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical,its hazards,and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical.
Noncritical item An item that comes into contact with intact skin,but not mucus membranes.
Sanitization A process to remove organic matter from an article to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level.
Semicritical item An item that comes into contact with nonitnact skin or intact mucous membranes.
spore A hard thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacteria cell.
sterialization The process of destroying all forms of microbial life,including bacterial spores.
Thermolabile Easily affected or changed by heat.
Created by: justine whitley